Town and Country Planning

Switzerland is becoming increasingly urbanised.

View of the old city of Bern
Bern, the medieval city surrounded by the River Aare © Bern Tourism

Around three-quarters of the Swiss population live in urban areas. Four out of five jobs are based in these areas, which, with a surface area of roughly 11,700 km2, barely make up one-quarter of the entire territory of Switzerland. 

In Switzerland the built-up area increases by around 1 m2 per second. At the same time, urban sprawl is also on the increase. One of the main aims of urban and spatial planning policy in Switzerland is to densify the use of existing built-up areas and thus preserve farming and other undeveloped land. This is why the Confederation works with the cantons, towns, cities and municipalities to develop a national agglomeration policy.