Nature

Nature – Facts and Figures

Switzerland has a very varied landscape and great habitat diversity. The country is characterised by the wealth of its natural ecosystems and their proximity to urban centres.

Climate

Switzerland has four distinct seasons and its climate varies considerably from one region to the next due, first and foremost, to topography and differing altitudes.

Water

Switzerland is often called “Europe’s water reservoir”. Hydropower is the country's most important renewable energysource.

Air

Switzerland is renowned for the excellent quality of its air. According to the WHO, it is the 13th least polluted country in the world.

Forests

Some 31% of Switzerland's surface area is covered by woodland.

Biodiversity

Switzerland's varied geography and climate have produced a great wealth of biodiversity. The federal government has introduced a raft of measures to safeguard the country's rich natural heritage.

Recycling

Die Schweizerinnen und Schweizer sind Weltmeister im Recycling (Wiederverwertung) von Abfällen.