Switzerland has a very varied landscape and great habitat diversity. The country is characterised by the wealth of its natural ecosystems and their proximity to urban centres.
Nature – Facts and Figures
- Around 30% of Switzerland's surface area is covered by woodland.
- The length of watercourses in Switzerland comes to around 61,000km. The largest share (roughly 11,000km) is found in the canton of Graubünden.
- With more than 48 summits higher than 4,000 metres, Switzerland has the most four-thousanders in Europe.
- Switzerland has over 120 glaciers and 12 UNESCO World Heritage sites.
- Switzerland has a dense network of hiking trails, totalling over 65,000 km in length, or one and half times the circumference of the earth.
- Switzerland has a mean elevation of 1,307 metres. Around 23%of the country's surface area is at an altitude of over 2,000m.
- Protected areas of national importance cover roughly 23% of Switzerland’s surface area.
- In Switzerland land is lost to real estate and infrastructure at a rate of 1m2 per second.
- Agricultural areas make up roughly 36% of Switzerland’s surface area.