Transport – Facts and Figures

Switzerland has a dense and reliable rail and road network.

People getting into a train
Transport by train © SBB

  • As well as a 71,520 km-long road network, Switzerland also has 5,200 km of train tracks, a 21,529 km public transport network and 1,384 km of mountain railways.
  • Switzerland has three international airports: Zurich, Geneva and Basel.
  • The Swiss travel further by train than anyone else in the world, clocking up an average of 2,400 km per person every year.
  • Standing at an altitude of 3,454 metres, the Jungfraujoch in the canton of Bern is the highest railway station in Europe.
  • Switzerland has around 1,800 tunnels.
  • Its most major feat of engineering is the 57 km-long Gotthard base tunnel – the longest rail tunnel in the world – which opened in 2016. Every day 325 trains travelling at speeds of up to 250 km/h make their way through the Gotthard tunnel.
  • Switzerland has around 28,000 public transport stops, in other words one stop every 900 metres.
  • Around 5.9 million motorised vehicles were licensed in Switzerland in 2016. 4.5 million of these were cars.
  • Switzerland’s sea-going fleet is stationed in Basel.
  • With 15 vessels, the Lake Lucerne Navigation Company has Europe’s largest fleet of self-propelled ships operating on inland waterways.
  • With around 2,050 trains passing through every day, Zurich –Altstetten is the busiest railway line in the world.
  • Between 1981 and 2015 the volume of goods freighted by rail and road across the Swiss Alps doubled to 39 million tonnes.
  • The Vitznau-Rigi line, which opened in 1871, is the oldest mountain railway in Europe.
  • The No. 10 route, operated by Baselland Transport (BLT), is the longest tram line in Europe. Running from Dornach to Rodersdorf, it covers 25 km, and takes in three cantons (Baselland, Baselstadt, Solothurn) and two countries (Switzerland and France).
  • The automated M2 line of the Lausanne Métro climbs 338 metres, with inclines as high as 12% in some places. This is a world-first for rubber-tyred underground trains.