Access to justice

Projet terminé
Farm in Santa Cruz - Bolivia. It was expropiated by the State for the crime of slavery © FDFA Foto:Miguel Canedo 2012

In its third phase the project for the empowerment of democratic institutions concentrates its work on the improvement of access to justice. The three components: implementation of legal arbitration boards, empowerment of public defence and the contribution to a constructive dialogue about judicial reforms enhances access to justice for vulnerable population groups and with it the claiming and enforcement of their rights.

Pays/région Thème Période Budget
Bolivia
Governance
Droits de la personne
Autre
Développement des systèmes légaux et judiciaires
Droits de la personne (y compris droits des femmes)
Technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC)
Secteur non spécifié
01.04.2013 - 28.09.2018
CHF 6'802'500
Contexte

The new Bolivian Constitution, which became effective in 2009 provides for a progressive framework of individual and collective rights, first of all in benefit of women and the indigenous population.  The implementation of these rights, however, is advancing rather slowly due to a lack of institutional capacities owing to the Bolivian justice system, which shows substantial structural deficits. In order to realise the postulates of the new Constitution, in 2010 a structural reform of the justice system was started with the law of structural re-organisation of judicial power. The approaches to reform are offering Switzerland interesting options to provide a better access to justice for vulnerable population groups.

Objectifs

A contribution was made to the implementation of important elements of the judicial reform, which considerably improves the access to justice for marginalised population groups.

Groupes cibles

Vulnerable population groups with a better access to justice.  With the conclusion of this phase approximately 200.000 citizens will have profited from a better access to justice.

Effets à moyen terme
  • Objective of component 1: The reform for the introduction of legal arbitration procedures is implemented systematically and has improved the access to justice for marginalised groups.
  • Objective of component 2: The institutional capacities of the National Agency for Public Defence (Servicio Nacional de Defensa Publica) have been strengthened, so that they can offer a good service to accused persons and expand their services to rural areas.
  • Objective of component 3: Interested actors of the government and the civil society have a constructive dialogue about experiences and prospects of the realisation of the judicial reform and cooperate in the creation of national politics.
Résultats

Principaux résultats antérieurs:  

  • 81.000 hectares of land have been signed over to the Guaranies who until now had to work under exploitative conditions on the land of big landowners.
  • Precedence were set for the compensation of indigenous workers who´s labour rights had been grossly violated.
  • The presence of the State in remote areas has been strengthened
  • Positive influence on legislation concerning air quality and support of concrete measures for air protection.
  • A network of 1.500 MR-instructors of the Bolivian police has been institutionalised
  • Creation and empowerment of 148 transparency-offices on different public levels for the enforcement of the right to information.


Direction/office fédéral responsable DDC
Crédit Coopération au développement
Partenaire de projet Partenaire contractuel
Secteur privé
Institution étatique étrangère
  • Central State of South East
  • Secteur privé suisse
  • SDC Field Office
  • Council of Magistrates, Public defence office, Danish cooperation,


Budget Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF   6'802'500 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF   6'855'076
Phases du projet

Phase 3 01.04.2013 - 28.09.2018   (Completed)

Phase 2 01.09.2009 - 31.12.2013   (Completed)