Sloping Land Management (SLM)

Projekt abgeschlossen

SDC has worked with the Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection since 2004 to empower farmer groups to apply new agroforestry practices on steeply sloped land. These entail participatory land use planning, reforestation and conservation farming. The concept is humanitarian in nature and designed to address the issue of food security amongst rural populations. This phase of the programme will focus on spreading these practices further and introducing methodologies which reduce the risks of disasters that threaten rural areas.

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublik
Landwirtschaft und Ernährungssicherheit
Klimawandel & Umwelt
Landwirtschaftliche Entwicklung
Reduktion von Katastrophenrisiken DRR
17.04.2015 - 31.03.2017
CHF 1'213'000

To cope with chronic food shortages, populations in mountainous areas started cultivating sloped land. The applied techniques were exploitive and resulted in an increase of landslides, soil erosion, and downstream flooding of residential areas and farmland. The Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection (MoLEP) and other relevant institutions began to address the risk situation in mountainous areas around the year 2000, and SDC became involved in 2004 with its SLM programme. The project achievements led to an amendment to the National Forest Law in March 2013, which explicitly permits the adoption of country-wide agroforestry (AF) techniques through SLUGs on degraded slopes steeper than 20 degrees.


SLM contributes to ecologically sustainable, economically viable and socially beneficial management of sloping land by improving soil fertility, preventing soil erosion and meeting the needs of local people, thereby contributing to the MDG 1 and 7.

The SLM programme aims to contribute to disaster resilient and economically beneficial management of sloping lands in the DPR Korea. Sloping Land User groups (SLUGs) supported by SDC in thematic collaboration with MoLEP serve as models for dissemination of SLM techniques to other areas and provinces in the DPRK. These demonstrated practices are now in the course of systematic upscaling. This new programme phase has set it sights on augmenting the sustainability and effectivity of SLM’s measures by reinforcing them with DRR methods


200 Sloping Land User Group (SLUG), consisting each of 8-12 members, in majority housewives and pensioners which are living in project areas and have inofficially cultivated sloping land.


In the period 2015-2016, 200 SLUGs benefit from SDC support and access to improved AF cultivation (2,200 families) based on MoLEP’s introduction of AF techniques.

Every UG that follows the AF technology attains an official Land User Certificate.

The project area covers 9 counties in two provinces North Hwanghae and Kangwon).

MoLEP’s field core teams receive continued training. At county level, a county-based team which consists of 3-5 forest rangers (trained on AF technologies) is supervised by a team leader from MoLEP. The team leader is selected among the MoLEP staff based on trained technical knowhow and respective management skills.

Mittelfristige Wirkungen

Outcome 1:

People’s committees in selected counties welcome, adapt and apply SLM policies in a way which enables SLUGs to widely apply SLM techniques..

Outcome 2:

SLUGs apply SLM/AF techniques in such a way that the food security of targeted populations in selected areas have significantly improved and a marked diversification of crop and tree species has taken root.

Outcome 3:

SLUGs and People’s Committees apply appropriate protective measures to enhance disaster resilience and reduce environment degradation as an integral part of their cultivation techniques.


Erwartete Resultate:  

  • Contribution to the Government’s policy on Agroforestry, by supporting training programmes and workshops for MoLEP and County key staff working in SLM project areas.
  • Establishment, reinforcement and scaling-up of SLM/AF in up to 9 counties (North Hwanghae and Kangwon Province) by an additional 40 SLUGs to approx. 200 UGs by end of 2016.
  • Provision of tools and initial farming materials to UGs to increase crop diversification and seed production.
  • Assistance to UGs in order to apply proper biological and physical protective measures to prevent soil erosion and landslide.
  • Authorities have learned to regularly assess disaster risks in SLM operational areas and plan mitigation concepts.
  • Introduction of new and effective DRR techniques to the SLUGs (e.g. bio-engineering, gabions).
  • Increased reforestation and seedling production by county nurseries and SLUGs.
  • Advanced pest and disease control technologies introduced and applied by most UGs.

Resultate von früheren Phasen:  

159 SLUGs in 8 Counties cover an area of 1,660 ha. With more than 80% women among UG members, over 1,800 families benefit directly from the intervention.

Maize production has increased from 1.6 to 2-3 mt/ha. Crop diversity has reached 15 species, up from 3 to 5, enabling SLUGs to generate additional income through trade.

Environmental protection approaches evolved towards DRR measures through the introduction of integrated water management and bio-engineering methods by initiating an “Integrated Action Plan for DRR” in Myokmigu of Sinpyong County. Grass belts reduce soil loss by over 50% on sloping lands. Reforestation of 735 ha with valuable tree species prove its impact.

Verantwortliche Direktion/Bundesamt DEZA
Kreditbereich Humanitäre Hilfe
Projektpartner Vertragspartner
Ausländische Hochschul- und Forschungsinstitution
  • Beratungsgruppe für internationale Agrarforschung
  • Schweizerisches Arbeiterhilfswerk

Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren

Synergies with the WASH project (wherever geographical overlapping occurs coherent) will permit SDC and partners to pursue a comprehensive approach covering watershed management, prevention of environmental degradation, promote water source protection and building up DRR resilience.

WFP started agroforestry activities under its “food for work” programme with know-how support by SLM/MoLEP core staff.

FAO is the focal point for the United Nation’s Agriculture/Food Security Sector Group attended by SDC.

EUPS2, EUPS3 implement activities in the SLM sector specifically on slope stabilisation and experiences and implementation approaches are being shared.

Budget Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF   1'213'000 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF   1'217'663 Projekttotal seit Anfangsphase Budget inklusive Projektpartner CHF  4'100'000

Phase 3 17.04.2015 - 31.03.2017   (Completed)

Phase 2 01.01.2013 - 31.12.2014   (Completed) Phase 1 01.04.2012 - 30.09.2013   (Completed)