Nepal Vocational Qualifications System (NVQS) Phase Il

Based on Swiss expertise in Technical and Vocational Education and Training, the project

contributes to establish a federal vocational qualifications system. The NVQS will increase the

transparency on the labour market for employers and workers, improve official recognition of

workers competencies in hospitality, construction and automobile sectors and allow links between

TVET and general education to access higher level qualifications for better employment in

domestic and international labour market.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Employment & economic development
Vocational training
Employment creation
Vocational training
16.07.2020 - 15.07.2026
CHF  9’300’000

While Nepal's constitution highlights

employment as a fundamental right,

unempoyment remains a pervasive

problem. Out of the country's total labour

force of 7.99 million, nearly 1 million is

without job, whereas 39.3% of the employed

labour force is underemployed. In addition,

at least 500,000 young people enter the

labour market every year. Many of them

either do not find appropriate jobs or are

lowpaid, which forces young people to

migrate overseas in search for work and

higher income. One of the main reasons for

the persistent unemployment and

underemployment is the lack of appropriate

skills and competencies of the work force

which in turns leads to low productivity of the

work force.

Nepal recognizes the Technical and

Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

system as a crucial instrument to achieve

the goal of economic prosperity.

The proposed phase continues the TVET

sector reform in line with the new

constitution of Nepal by supporting the

government of Nepal to finalize and

implement a Nepal Vocational

Qualifications System at federal level with

respective functions at province and local


Objectives Nepali youth increase their employability.
Target groups Primary beneficiaries are approximately 400,000 youth (including returnee migrant workers). Secondary beneficiaries are government institutions at all three spheres of government, leaders and policy makers, TVET service providers as well as private sector actors that will benefit from capacity building.
Medium-term outcomes Outcome 1: Certified Nepali youth, through Nepal Vocational Qualifications System, gain employment in domestic and international markets. Outcome 2: The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology implements the national vocational qualification system in partnership with the private sector. Outcome 3: Provincial governments implement the vocational qualification system.

Expected results:  

Output 1.1: Nepali youth are

knowledgeable of the application

process and the benefits of the

Vocational Qualification system

Output 1.2: Employers are aware of the

benefits of Nepal

Vocational Qualifications System


Output 2.1: Human resources in the

Ministry of Education, Science and

Technology and in the private sector are

capacitated to implement National

Vocational Qualifications Framework at

federal level.

Output 22: New NVQS standards are

drafted or current National Skill Testing

Board standard are upgraded and adapted

to align with the Vocational Qualification

System (VQS) and private sector needs.

Output 3.1: Accredited assessment centres

offer quality assessment services

Output 3.2: Ministry of Social

Development and private sector

actors in the province build their

capacities to implement VQ system at

province level

Output 3.3: Municipalities establish a

TVET Coordination mechanism to

implement the Vocational Qualification


Results from previous phases:  

NVQS phase I contributed to develop and

strengthen the Technical and Vocational

Education and Training system by

achieving following results:

National Competency Standards has

been developed and 63,502 youth werecertified accordingly. Out of these, 12,911 were certified at higher level skills enabling them to earn better wages. A Recognition of Prior Learning system has been developed and 467 returnee migrant workers were certified, enabling them to re-enter to the labour market and earn their livings. *

An accreditation system has been developed and 38 skill assessment centres were accredited to ensure quality of assessments. The Government of Nepal has been supported to finalize the National Vocational Qualifications Framework, ensuring the recognition of skills and competencies, and open pathways for lifelong learning opportunities for all.

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Development cooperation
Project partners Contract partner
Private sector
Foreign state institution
Swiss Academic and Research Institution
Swiss Non-profit Organisation
  • Central State of South East
  • ETHZ Zurich
  • Foreign private sector South/East
  • Swisscontact

Other partners

Ministry of Education, Science and

Technology and the Council for Technical

Education and Vocational Training/ National

Skill Testing Board at Federal level and

Ministry of Social Development at Province

level are the main institutional partners.

Swisscontact is the international TechnicalAssistance service provider which has been mandated for the first phase through a two-stage public tender process. Swisscontact will continue the implementation of the mandate for the second phase of the project.

Coordination with other projects and actors Coordination with major donors (World Bank, ADB, EIJ, DAD, GIZ and KOICA). Synergies with Swiss projects mainly with Safer Migration, Enhanced Skillsmandated for the first phase through a two-stage public tender process. Swisscontact will continue the implementation of the mandate for the second phase of the project. for Sustainable and Rewarding Employment (ENSURE) and the State Support Programme. ETH Zurich will provide expert inputs for the federalization of NVQS functions.
Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF    9’300’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF    6’264’945
Project phases Phase 2 16.07.2020 - 15.07.2026   (Current phase) Phase 1 01.02.2014 - 31.12.2020   (Completed)