Transforming Tanzania's Charcoal Sector

Projekt abgeschlossen
Tanzania © SDC

The project formalizes, up-scales and promotes a tested and functioning model of a sustainable, more energy efficient charcoal value chain. A Community Based Forest Management approach contributes to the generation of higher incomes from charcoal and other forest products and related royalties invested into community development through local governance mechanisms, benefitting 80’000 villagers. The existing model of 8 Kilosa villages is extended to 22 new villages in 3 districts through practical stakeholder training.

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Beschäftigung & Wirtschaftsentwicklung
Klimawandel & Umwelt
Gewerbeunterstützung & Wirtschaftszugang
Erzeugung erneuerbarer Energien
01.12.2015 - 31.03.2020
CHF  6’200’000

In Tanzania over 2.3 million tons of charcoal were consumed in 2012. This consumption is predicted to double by 2030 (World Bank, MEM, 2014) and already now has social environmental implications since unsustainable charcoal production is, after agricultural expansion, the 2nd largest cause for environmental degradation and deforestation. Charcoal producers’ incomes in the pervasive informal supply chain are low and their traditional kilns result in substantial wastage. Hundreds of thousands of men and women involved in the 1 Billion US Dollars per annum charcoal business in Tanzania are unorganized and marginalised in policy making. National policies on biomass energy are fragmented and focus on an unrealistic switch to alternative energy sources.


Pro-poor and climate resilient transformation of the economics and the governance in forest product value chains, including charcoal and biomass energy in Tanzania.

  • Charcoal producers in 30 villages
  • Timber harvesters in 30 villages
  • Smallholder farmers in 30 villages.
  • Bee Keepers  and Non-Timber Forest collectors in 30 villages
  • Charcoal traders and consumers in Tanzania
  • Village authorities of 30 villages and Local Governance Authorities (LGAs) of 3 districts responsible for 80’000 inhabitants of the 30 villages
  • Government of Tanzania: Vice President's Office - Division of Environment, Prime Minister's Office Regional Administration and Local Government, Ministry of Energy and Minerals, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, other Policy Makers (Members of Parliament) 
Mittelfristige Wirkungen
  • Improved rural livelihoods, social services and climate change resilience in 3 districts through sustainable and well-governed value chains for charcoal and other forest products
  • An enabling and supportive policy framework exists for well-governed pro-poor and environmentally sustainable forest value chains, including charcoal and biomass energy

Erwartete Resultate:  

  • Well governed and sustainable land use management and Community-Based Forest Management including charcoal production and other forest based enterprises in 30 villages (consolidation in the 8 villages from phase 1 and exit in the end of the phase/ set up and institutionalization in 22 new villages )
  • Women and men forest product producers obtain higher incomes through efficient production and improved marketing of charcoal and other forest products
  • Women and men farmers in project villages benefit from climate smart agriculture, agroforestry and microfinance
  • Deforestation rates are monitored in ways that build national capacity and contribute to national and international REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation EDD+) strategy implementation.
  • Increase institutional and public support and reviewed policies, laws and regulations reflecting and supporting tree based biomass energy and pro poor charcoal and other forest product value chains.
  • Increased government capacity to provide technical support and governance oversight for sustainable, enterprise-oriented community based forest management (including sustainable charcoal production) and to promote scaling up and mainstreaming of the approach incentivised by increased LGA revenues from CBFM.

Resultate von früheren Phasen:  

  • Thanks to project support, villagers in 8 villages in Kilosa district have successfully identified and marked their boundaries and established and registered their Land Use Plans, forest management plans and by-laws
  • 60,000 hectares of woodland of 8 villages (25’000 inhabitants) were registered as village land forest reserves. Approximately 10% are designated as charcoal units with sustainable harvesting guidelines, i.e. 24 harvesting units, used on a 24 years rotational basis
  • 678 Charcoal producers have each earned average additional incomes of US$336 per year and each of the 8 villages have on average collected US$ 27,204 per year in royalties from charcoal trade, which were invested into improving social services and infrastructure: classrooms, health facilities, health cover – one portion finances the village forest management activities

Verantwortliche Direktion/Bundesamt DEZA
Kreditbereich Entwicklungszusammenarbeit
Projektpartner Vertragspartner
  • Ausländischer Privatsektor Süden/Osten
  • TFCG

Andere Partner

MJUMITA (Mtandao wa Jamii wa Usimamizi wa Misitu Tanzania, the Tanzania Forest Community Network) and TaTEDO (Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organization) subcontracted by TFCG.
Other consultants to undertake specific tasks will be contracted. 

Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren
  1. Tanzanian-Finnish Forestry Project (=National Forest and Beekeeping Division Phase III Programme due to begin implementation in August 2016.
  2. EU-funded project ‘Adding Value to the Arc: forests and livelihoods in the South Nguru Mountains.
  3. EUEI-PDF Facility funded Biomass Energy Strategy Tanzania (BEST).
  4. Support for the African Forest Forum (AFF) through SDC’s Global Program Climate Change (GPCC).
Budget Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF    6’200’000 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF    6’312’538
Projektphasen Phase 3 01.12.2019 - 30.11.2023   (Laufende Phase)

Phase 2 01.12.2015 - 31.03.2020   (Completed)

Phase 1 01.01.2011 - 30.04.2016   (Completed)