Intelligence Sector Reform Programme

The aim is to build the capacity of members of intelligence services, as well as relevant oversight and control bodies to ensure that surveillance measures by intelligence services in Macedonia are conducted in accordance with international standards of accountability and respect for human rights. To achieve this, the project will train and provide expertise to members of intelligence services, relevant parliamentary oversight committees and the judiciary, and will support the review and redrafting of relevant laws and regulations.

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Konflikt & Fragilität
Weiterentwicklung von Recht und Rechtsprechung
Steuerung und Reform der Sicherheitssysteme
01.04.2021 - 31.03.2026
CHF  1’000’000

In Macedonia, reforms in the intelligence and security sector came into focus after the wire-tapping scandal broke in mid-2015 amid a political crisis, which led to the Przino Agreement, new elections and eventually the ascension to power of a new government committed to achieving Euro-Atlantic integration. Initial reform progress led to a positive report of the European Commission in April 2018, followed by the decision of the European Council to start accession negotiations in June 2019. This, however, was made conditional on further reform progress in three key areas, two of which are the intelligence and security sector and the judiciary.

Due to the new political environment, heightened interest in and demand for expertise in security sector governance and a formal government request, DCAF initiated in November 2017 this pooled-fund programme to which to date three international donors are contributing to. Given the strong ties between the Swiss government and DCAF and past cooperation with SDC in Macedonia, the Swiss Embassy was approached to contribute as well.

Ziele Improved democratic governance, effectiveness and accountability of the intelligence sector contribute to enhanced stability, rule of law and security for the state and the citizens. Citizens have more trust in the state.

-    The three intelligence and security services UBK, MSSI (tbc), AR (tbc)

-    The three parliamentary committees tasked with supervising the intelligence        and security sector

-    Relevant line ministries

-    The judiciary

-    Members of Parliament

-     CSOs where appropriate

Mittelfristige Wirkungen

Outcome 1: Legal and institutional framework of the intelligence sector in Macedonia established in line with relevant international standards ensuring accountability and respect of human rights.

Outcome 2: The parliament plays a more effective role in the democratic governance of intelligence and security sector institutions.

Outcome 3: Rule of law culture characterized by judicial activism and robust judicial supervision of the use of intrusive methods for information collection.


Erwartete Resultate:  

Revised and strengthened intelligence sector accountability mechanisms through new strategies and practices.

Key management staff and elected MPs have increased expertise in accountability.

Oversight Committees have an increased ability to plan and conduct effective oversight.

Publication of knowledge products, i.e. the Handbook on Inspection Visits and the Judicial Benchbook on Authorization and Review of IMIC.

Practitioners have better knowledge and skills to prevent abuse and misuse of IMIC.

Members of the judiciary have increased awareness of ECtHR jurisprudence related to the use of IMIC.

Verantwortliche Direktion/Bundesamt DEZA
Projektpartner Vertragspartner
Andere internationale Organisation
  • Genfer Zentrum für demokratische Kontrolle der Streitkräfte

Andere Partner
Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren

-    Swiss funded Parliament Support Project

-    Embassy of United Kingdom

-    Embassy of Sweden / SIDA

-    Embassy of The Netherlands

Budget Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF    1’000’000 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF    600’000