Water and Energy Security through Microhydels in the Hindukush, Pakistan (Phase 02)

Project completed

The people of the Laspur and Yarkhun valleys of Chitral benefit from new development opportunities provided by an efficient use of clean hydro-power energy. The project will focus on the frame conditions and the factors which determine the efficiency and sustainability of the new installations and power utility companies and on the equitable use of the generated energy for inclusive social and commercial development.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Pakistan
Climate change and environment
Agriculture & food security
Water
Renewable energy generation
Energy conservation & efficiency
Agricultural water resources
Water resources conservation
01.10.2015 - 30.06.2019
CHF 4'060'000
Background

Energy supply in Chitral is grossly inadequate despite its huge potential for generating clean hydropower. With limited government and donor support, the rural electrification happened mainly in the southern part of Chitral which is partly connected to the national grid around the main urban commercial centers. Ethnic minorities in remote valleys with marginal road infrastructure have not benefited from such interventions. Both project valleys have huge untapped hydro-power potential that could set in motion a process of social economic development.

Objectives

The quality of life is improved and the resource-base degradation of marginalised communities in two remote mountain valleys is reduced

Target groups

The politically and economically marginalized communities living in 21 villages (2’278 households) in the remote Yarkhun and Laspur valleys of Chitral district.

Medium-term outcomes

Outcome 1:

The people in Yarkhun and Laspur valleys utilize the electricity generated for new development opportunities.

Outcome 2:

The installed micro hydels are operating in a sustainable manner to the maximum benefit of the people of Yarkhun and Laspur valleys.

Results

Expected results:  

Output 1.1: Business interest groups invest into water- and energy-linked trade and production ventures and value chains building on project investment.

Output 1.2: The agricultural production is increased through adoption of environment friendly livestock and crop systems on the subsistence farms

Output 1.3: Village authorities & village organizations stimulate environment friendly livestock and crop systems on the subsistence farms.

Output 2.1: Community-based Power Utility Companies operate on a commercial basis

Output 2.2: Efficient performance of installed micro Hydels and transmission and distribution systems.

Output 2.3: The villages protect the new hydro-infrastructure and their settlements against landslides and flash floods

Output 2.4: The villages protect their catchments against erosion and ecological destruction


Results from previous phases:  

Two large hydro-power generators of 500 and 800 KW respectively were installed and are ready for operation.

Unexpected technical challenges and gaps in the planning process caused by the financial and technical complexity of the intervention considerably delayed project implementation.

A comprehensive operation & management system needs to be firmly in place to achieve the maximum level of impact and benefits for the communities.

The ownership of the project by the communities is very high and the availability of the power raised high expectations which need to be addressed carefully.

Project planning should consider wider complementary operations and funds to protect the new installations and to mobilize local economic development by means of stable supply and productive use of electricity.


Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Development cooperation
Project partners Contract partner
International or foreign Non-Governmental Organization
  • Agha Khan Foundation


Other partners

Line agencies of the KP government (Provincial Disaster Management Authority, Forest Dept., Wildlife Dept. and Irrigation Dept.) and village councils.

Coordination with other projects and actors

PPAF, Acumen Fund, WB, KFW, HSI, SRSP, WB (CDCF)

Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF   4'060'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF   3'655'822
Project phases

Phase 2 01.10.2015 - 30.06.2019   (Completed)

Phase 1 01.04.2011 - 31.03.2015   (Completed)