Mine Action for Human Development in Cambodia 2017- 2025


Over the past 20 years Cambodia has made significant progress in clearing landmines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW). Nevertheless 1,640 km2 of land remain contaminated as suspected minefields at this moment. SDC plans supporting national and regional mine action initiatives to ensure that development of poor rural communities is no longer impeded by disablement and restricted access to land, forests and water resources due to landmines and ERW.

Country/region Period Budget
Cambodia
01.01.2020 - 31.12.2025
CHF 6'000'000
Background

Cambodia is one of the most landmine affected countries in the world. This has serious socio-economic impacts on rural communities including human losses and disabilities as well as restrictions on access to agricultural land, forests, and water resources. Poor people and women are in particular affected. The cost for complete clearing is estimated at approximately USD 360 million and not expected to be achieved before 2025. This entry proposal builds upon a previous single phase contribution to mine action in Cambodia (2013-2015) through the samemulti-donor programme led by UNDP and executed by the national system (Clearing for Results II). The programme supports the complete clearance of contaminated land by 2025. It is consistent with the development priorities of the Cambodian Government that had defined “demining, UXO and victim assistance” as the ninth Cambodian Millenium Development Goal (CMDG 9), and which is managing the inclusion of mine action within the new SDGs. The project is also consistent with SDC’s Mekong Region Strategy 2013-2017 that has defined “secured and equitable access to community resources” as an AFS Domain outcome as well as with the new Mine Action Strategy of the Swiss Confederation (2016-2019).

By providing a core contribution to Phase III of the Clearing for Results programme, SDC will contribute to bolstering the Cambodia Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA), thus strengthening the national system and supporting the Government in making Cambodia a key player in the newly established ASEAN Regional Mine Action Center (ARMAC). In addition to mine clearance, the project will support victims to take part in decisions impacting their communities on an equal basis and to fully benefit from development initiatives.

Key outputs of CfRIII are:

  • Mine action policies and strategic frameworks are aligned to national and sub-national sectorial policies and planning strategies and attached to pro-poor facilities.
  • A CMAA mine action programme performance monitoring system that delivers quality evidence on sustainable development outcome/impact.
  • A minimum of 27 km2 of the total mine/ERW contaminated areas located in the most affected and poorest provinces are impact-free.

During the first phase (2017-2019), SDC will explore further options for supporting mine action for human development. They will be assessed against the new national mine action strategy (NMAS) 2017-2025. The programme will require CHF 9.45 Mio. (CHF 3.35 Mio. direct contribution to UNDP-CfR III, CHF 100,000 for SDC cost and CHF 6.0 Mio for following phases (2020-2025).

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Development cooperation
Project partners Contract partner
United Nations Organization (UNO)
  • United Nations Development Programme

Implementing partner
Central State Authority

Estimated operational start of intervention

Phase 1:  01 January 2017

Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF   6'000'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF   0
Project phases

Phase 99 01.01.2020 - 31.12.2025   (Active)

Phase 1 01.11.2016 - 31.12.2019   (Current phase)