Moldova

Switzerland works in the Republic of Moldova to increase the capacities and  quality of public services and to ensure equitable access, particularly for the rural population and disadvantaged groups. Core themes are health and water, but Switzerland is also active in the domain of migration.

Map of Moldova

Since declaring independence in 1991, the Republic of Moldova has been undergoing a process of transition towards democracy and a free market economy. That process is being hampered, however, by the blocking of reforms, the conflict over the secession of Transnistria, and political turmoil. Since the accession of Romania to the EU in 2007, the Republic of Moldova, Europe’s poorest country, has shared a border with the EU.

Switzerland works in the Republic of Moldova to support the transition process, helping to increase the capacities and improve the quality of public services and to ensure that, in particular, the rural population and disadvantaged groups receive equitable access to those services. The primary focus is on the thematically related domains of health and water. Thanks to many years of effective efforts in the country, Switzerland has succeeded in establishing a solid basis of trust in its relations with all of its partners, including both the general population and the public authorities of the Republic of Moldova.

Healthcare

Health system reforms

A decline in the general state of health of the country’s population during the transition period that followed independence is reflected in all of the current health indicators. Thus, for example, Moldova today has the lowest life expectancy at birth in all of Europe.

Switzerland provides support for health system reforms at the local, regional and national levels. The main focus of this assistance is on promoting health and preventing non-communicable diseases (cardio-vascular and acute respiratory disorders, cancer, diabetes). Switzerland is also supporting reforms in mental health care within community health services. Important advocacy work is also being done to ensure that the reforms and health policies are coherent and inclusive. 

Health

Water

Drinking water supply and sanitary facilities

Approximately one half of the population in Moldova is connected to the drinking water supply system; only some 5% of the rural population have access to the public sewage system. For this reason, Switzerland is constructing sustainable, affordable and easily replicable drinking water and sanitary facilities that can serve as models. The local authorities and population are assigned an important role in the management of these facilities, so that they can gradually assume full responsibility for them. At the national level, Switzerland is working to promote facilitating legislation, knowledge and technology transfer, and vocational education and training in the water sector.

Within the framework of the Swiss Water and Sanitation Project in Moldova (ApaSan), Switzerland has successfully introduced decentralised water-supply models that are managed by local consumer groups (Water Consumer Associations, WCA), specially created for that purpose. A further outcome of this project was the introduction of ‘ecosan’ dry toilets, which were installed with great success in schools and have since come into use in private households as well.

Water

Migration and development

Using synergies in the health and water domains

Switzerland identifies and develops innovative initiatives in the field of migration, which are designed to mitigate negative impacts and promote positive outcomes. It supports the National Development Strategy ‘Moldova 2020’ and makes strong use of synergies that arise out of the work in its core intervention domains of health and water. In the health domain, this includes such things as providing psychological and social assistance for young people and the elderly whose family members have found work abroad. In the water domain, opportunities are being sought to exploit the potential of Moldavan migrants for the development of their home villages.

Approach and partners

Switzerland’s development cooperation activities are closely coordinated with the local authorities, other donor countries and international organisations such as the UN and the EU. As a leading donor country in the water sector, the SDC maintains a strategic partnership with the Austrian Development Agency (ADA). All programmes incorporate the principles of good governance and gender equality.

Switzerland’s main partners in the Republic of Moldova are:

  • Swiss NGOs; Helvetas-Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Terre des Hommes, Save the Children
  • National partners: Ministries, city and community authorities, social and professional organisations, private sector and local NGOs
  • Bilateral and multilateral partners: Germany (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau, KfW; Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GIZ), Austria (Austrian Development Agency, ADA), Sweden, Council of Europe, World Bank Group, World Health Organization (WHO), UN Development Programme (UNDP), European Union (EU), United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF ), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

 

Current projects

Object 13 – 13 of 13

Regional Program: Scientific Cooperation between Eastern Europe and Switzerland (SCOPES), Institutional Partnerships and Research

01.01.2013 - 30.06.2018

Der Schweizerische Nationalfonds setzt das seit 1990 laufende Projekt SCOPES mit Partnern aus Osteuropa und der GUS um. Im Rahmen dieser Zusammenarbeit werden Forschungsinstitutionen aus Partnerländern in ihren Aufgaben unterstützt. Als weiteres Element führen Forschungsteams aus Osteuropa und der Schweiz in gemeinsamen Forschungsprojekten Grundlagenforschung durch. Deren internationale Vernetzung trägt wesentlich dazu bei, qualitativ hochwertige Forschungsresultate nutzbar zu machen.

Object 13 – 13 of 13