Moldova

Switzerland works in the Republic of Moldova to increase the capacities and  quality of public services and to ensure equitable access, particularly for the rural population and disadvantaged groups. Core themes are health and water, but Switzerland is also active in the domain of migration.

Map of Moldova
© FDFA

Since declaring independence in 1991, the Republic of Moldova has been undergoing a process of transition towards democracy and a free market economy. That process is being hampered, however, by the blocking of reforms, the conflict over the secession of Transnistria, and political turmoil. Since the accession of Romania to the EU in 2007, the Republic of Moldova, Europe’s poorest country, has shared a border with the EU.

Switzerland works in the Republic of Moldova to support the transition process, helping to increase the capacities and improve the quality of public services and to ensure that, in particular, the rural population and disadvantaged groups receive equitable access to those services. The primary focus is on the thematically related domains of health and water. Thanks to many years of effective efforts in the country, Switzerland has succeeded in establishing a solid basis of trust in its relations with all of its partners, including both the general population and the public authorities of the Republic of Moldova.

Healthcare

Health system reforms

A decline in the general state of health of the country’s population during the transition period that followed independence is reflected in all of the current health indicators. Thus, for example, Moldova today has the lowest life expectancy at birth in all of Europe.

Switzerland provides support for health system reforms at the local, regional and national levels. The main focus of this assistance is on promoting health and preventing non-communicable diseases (cardio-vascular and acute respiratory disorders, cancer, diabetes). Switzerland is also supporting reforms in mental health care within community health services. Important advocacy work is also being done to ensure that the reforms and health policies are coherent and inclusive. 

Health

Water

Drinking water supply and sanitary facilities

Approximately one half of the population in Moldova is connected to the drinking water supply system; only some 5% of the rural population have access to the public sewage system. For this reason, Switzerland is constructing sustainable, affordable and easily replicable drinking water and sanitary facilities that can serve as models. The local authorities and population are assigned an important role in the management of these facilities, so that they can gradually assume full responsibility for them. At the national level, Switzerland is working to promote facilitating legislation, knowledge and technology transfer, and vocational education and training in the water sector.

Within the framework of the Swiss Water and Sanitation Project in Moldova (ApaSan), Switzerland has successfully introduced decentralised water-supply models that are managed by local consumer groups (Water Consumer Associations, WCA), specially created for that purpose. A further outcome of this project was the introduction of ‘ecosan’ dry toilets, which were installed with great success in schools and have since come into use in private households as well.

Water

Migration and development

Using synergies in the health and water domains

Switzerland identifies and develops innovative initiatives in the field of migration, which are designed to mitigate negative impacts and promote positive outcomes. It supports the National Development Strategy ‘Moldova 2020’ and makes strong use of synergies that arise out of the work in its core intervention domains of health and water. In the health domain, this includes such things as providing psychological and social assistance for young people and the elderly whose family members have found work abroad. In the water domain, opportunities are being sought to exploit the potential of Moldavan migrants for the development of their home villages.

Approach and partners

Switzerland’s development cooperation activities are closely coordinated with the local authorities, other donor countries and international organisations such as the UN and the EU. As a leading donor country in the water sector, the SDC maintains a strategic partnership with the Austrian Development Agency (ADA). All programmes incorporate the principles of good governance and gender equality.

Switzerland’s main partners in the Republic of Moldova are:

  • Swiss NGOs; Helvetas-Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Terre des Hommes, Save the Children
  • National partners: Ministries, city and community authorities, social and professional organisations, private sector and local NGOs
  • Bilateral and multilateral partners: Germany (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau, KfW; Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GIZ), Austria (Austrian Development Agency, ADA), Sweden, Council of Europe, World Bank Group, World Health Organization (WHO), UN Development Programme (UNDP), European Union (EU), United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF ), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

 

Current projects

Object 13 – 19 of 19

Contribution to the Improvement of Water and Sanitation Services through Integrated Regional Planning in Moldova

10.06.2014 - 30.06.2018

Many localities in Moldova suffer from low level of water and sanitation public services. By joining the ongoing “Modernization of local public services“ program designed to reduce regional disparities in service delivery, SDC has the opportunity to up-scale its successful decentralized water and sanitation models through integrated regional platforms. SDC will support the water supply infrastructure in 3 villages in the south of Moldova and the capacity building of local and regional water supply service providers.


Contribution for the Population and Housing Census in Moldova

01.03.2014 - 31.12.2017

The only population census in Moldova after independence was carried out in 2004. The second census is to be held in 2014. Considering the weak capacities of the National Bureau of Statistics in this area, the Government of Moldova requested external support. The population and household census will provide the Government of Moldova with much needed data for informed policy-making. It will also provide SDC with sound bases for shaping the new programme on Migration & Development and ensuring a more efficient planning, implementation and steering of the Water and Health programmes. 


Strengthening the Institutional Framework in the Water and Sanitation Sector in Moldova

01.03.2014 - 31.08.2019

Poor governance is the key bottleneck in the Moldovan water sector, which jeopardizes long-term sustainability of past investments, and hinders new Investments to extend access to drinking water for all. With this project, SDC will improve the steering and management of the sector as well as the performance of key sector institutions, through working directly with the national institutions on sector capacity development, integrated water resource management, and a comprehensive water information system.


Moldova - Making the Most of Migration

15.01.2014 - 31.12.2018

Moldova pays great social costs as a result of high outward migration. The potential benefits of migration remain underexploited. Migrants are not involved in the development of their home communities, they do not have access to trusted investment opportunities, and the private sector fails to develop tailor-made products and services for migrants. Switzerland supports Moldova in creating a favorable environment for leveraging migrants' human and financial capital for the development of their home country.


Regionalization of the Pediatric Emergency and Intensive Care Services in Moldova

01.11.2013 - 30.04.2018

Despite improvement over the last years, the infant mortality rate in Moldova is still more than double compared to the European Union average. With this project Switzerland is pursuing the support to the Republic of Moldova aiming at increasing the efficiency of the pediatric emergency healthcare in Moldova. At the end of the project, all children aged 0-18 in Moldova will have access to high quality pediatric emergency services. In addition, awareness on how to prevent accidents and on the correct procedures in case of an emergency will be raised at the community level.


Support to the Reform of Mental Health Services in Moldova

15.05.2013 - 31.07.2018

Mental health disorders represent a high burden of disease in Moldova. In 2010, the Ministry of Health (MoH) took systematic and adequate steps to launch a profound reform in this health sub-sector, showing a strong political commitment. With this project, Switzerland is supporting the efforts of the Republic of Moldova towards the improvement of the well-being of mental health service users through access to functional community level Primary Mental Health Care Services.


Regional Program: Scientific Cooperation between Eastern Europe and Switzerland (SCOPES), Institutional Partnerships and Research

01.01.2013 - 30.06.2018

Der Schweizerische Nationalfonds setzt das seit 1990 laufende Projekt SCOPES mit Partnern aus Osteuropa und der GUS um. Im Rahmen dieser Zusammenarbeit werden Forschungsinstitutionen aus Partnerländern in ihren Aufgaben unterstützt. Als weiteres Element führen Forschungsteams aus Osteuropa und der Schweiz in gemeinsamen Forschungsprojekten Grundlagenforschung durch. Deren internationale Vernetzung trägt wesentlich dazu bei, qualitativ hochwertige Forschungsresultate nutzbar zu machen.

Object 13 – 19 of 19