The SDC is supporting Mongolia in the implementation of a national reform programme based on decentralisation, encouraging citizens to participate in the political process. Switzerland is also helping to introduce sustainable livestock and other farming activities in the context of efforts to improve economic conditions in rural areas.

Map of Mongolia

Mongolia finds itself at a critical juncture of the development process. Following a relatively peaceful period of democratisation and transformation from a socialist system to a market economy, it is in the midst of a mining boom. The country’s future will depend on its ability to translate this new source of wealth into sustainable and socially equitable economic growth. Having accepted this challenge, Mongolia has launched an important reform programme.

Agriculture and food security

Improved incomes and living conditions for the rural population

Through a wide range of projects designed to increase productivity in livestock and other farming activities, improve access to markets and reduce production risks, the SDC is helping to improve living conditions for the rural population. Together with the World Bank, the SDC has financed projects for the cultivation of potatoes and the insurance of livestock. Thanks to this insurance the families of 16,000 livestock farmers are effectively protected against the total loss of their sustenance.

The SDC focuses above all on strengthening collective forms of organisation, such as pastoral cooperatives and entrepreneurship. Since 2004 the Agency has helped herders to organise the sustainable management of pastureland. As a result more than 60,000 herder families have been organised into 680 pastureland groups and 50 cooperatives, enabling them to increase their income.

Agriculture and food security

Vocational training

Facilitated access to the labour market

The SDC is helping Mongolia reform the vocational training sector, and is replanning curricula in the western provinces. Greater involvement of the private sector should ensure a more practical approach to vocational training. The SDC is also promoting the training of middle-aged herders of both sexes who have lacked access to the regular vocational training system.

Basic education and vocational training

Reform of the State, local governance and participation of the citizens

Satisfied citizens thanks to good governance and participation

The SDC is also supporting projects initiated by the government for the implementation of reform through decentralisation. Members of the executive and legislative branches are being introduced to their new roles in all provinces and municipalities, while at the same time civil society organisations and citizens in general are being encouraged to participate in political processes at the community level.

Advocacy and Good Governance

History of cooperation

From “dzud” disaster relief to reform through decentralisation

The Swiss commitment in Mongolia began in 2001 with a humanitarian relief effort for herders affected by winter conditions (“dzud”) severe enough to kill off the livestock and threaten the existence of the rural population. In 2004 the SDC decided on a long term commitment so as to address the structural problem of pastureland management, and for this purpose opened a Cooperation Office in Ulan Bator (Ulaanbaatar).

Initially (2007–12) the cooperation strategy focused on the sustainable management of natural resources and the creation of alternative sources of income for rural populations. It was during this period that a mining boom occurred, making more urgent the need for solid economic and political institutions to ensure transparent management of the commodities sector.

Current projects

Object 13 – 14 of 14

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)

01.12.2013 - 31.12.2018

Education for sustainable development (ESD) project is SDC and Government of Mongolia co-funded project that aims to mainstream ESD principles in Mongolia and to support creating legal and institutional framework that is conducive for sustainable development.

“Education for sustainable development” project will closely collaborate with 628 schools, government organizations, private sector and civil society organizations for promoting and mainstreaming sustainable development which defined as “Development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs”.

Third Sustainable Livelihoods Project (SLP3)

01.09.2012 - 31.12.2019

The Third Sustainable Livelihoods Project (SLP3) aims to foster improved rural local governance and effective service provision by building capacity and institutionalizing community participation in the planning and delivery of priority investments. It will do so by supporting the implementation of the new Integrated Budget Law (IBL), which is the centrepiece of the government’s decentralization reform process. SLP3 will provide essential training, development and performance grants to all 330 soums and benefit 40% of Mongolia’s population.

Object 13 – 14 of 14