Switzerland is helping to fight poverty in the central corridor of Tanzania (regions around Dodoma). It is engaged in activities aimed at improving access to high-quality healthcare, promoting employment and improving incomes in rural areas, and strengthening civil society and independent media.

Map of Tanzania
© FDFA

For decades, Tanzania has been improving its Human Development Index (HDI). Nonetheless, it ranked just 154th out of 189 countries in 2017. Its ranking is mainly due to inequalities between rural and urban populations: the proportion of people living below the poverty line is more than 30% in rural areas compared to 4% in Dar es Salaam. Tanzania's ambition is to become a middle-income country by 2025.

From a societal point of view, Tanzania has made progress although achievement of the 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals varies greatly from one sector to another: in school education, for example, Tanzania has almost reached universal access but still faces problems in terms of quality. Child mortality has been significantly reduced. The situation of Tanzanian women, particularly girls, remains precarious, particularly given the high rates of early marriage and pregnancy and the prevalence of violence against women.

Health

Accessible, high-quality care

Switzerland is working to improve the availability and quality of medical care for communities in remote areas. The emphasis is on consolidating the system of funding, decentralising the health system and promoting research projects to identify the country's medical priorities.

Fighting malaria

The SDC is supporting the Tanzanian government in implementing a national programme to combat malaria. The programme helped reduce the malaria mortality rate by half between 2005 and 2016.

Health – A prerequisite for development

Governance

Transparency and responsibility 

Switzerland promotes dialogue between civil society and the authorities with the aim of fostering a culture of transparency and civic responsibility. Switzerland also aims to strengthen local authorities’ capacity to provide better services, and it supports the government in combating corruption.

Swiss international cooperation provides financial assistance to independent media, especially rural radio stations to ensure that the public has access to high-quality information and people are able to assert their rights more effectively.

Conflict prevention

Switzerland implements conflict-prevention measures with the aim of strengthening inter-community dialogue, particularly by involving religious leaders.

Democratization - Fundamental for effective aid

Fragility and violence impede poverty reduction

Economic development

Farmers' organisations defending their interests

Switzerland supports the development of the agricultural sector to create economic opportunities for the rural population, particularly women and young people. Farmers' organisations need to be able to defend the interests of their members in order to improve their living conditions, by ensuring their interests are taken into account in government policy.

More jobs for young people

Switzerland is helping young people to access the labour market by bringing the content of vocational training courses into line with the skills sought by employers. The SDC supports vocational skills development projects for young people in rural areas who have dropped out of school. It is also actively involved in the vocational skills development system, upstream in the training of trainers and in the development of suitable programmes.

State and Economic Reforms

Transversal themes

Gender equality and HIV/AIDS

Switzerland actively promotes gender equality in all of its projects. Another of its central concerns is to prevent HIV/AIDS by raising people's awareness of the issue and calling for non-discrimination.

Gender equality – gender and women's rights

Approach and partners

Switzerland closely coordinates its aid with the Tanzanian authorities, other donor countries and international organisations. To achieve its goals, it cooperates in different ways with Tanzanian, Swiss and international agencies (contributing to projects, mandates).

  • Swiss NGOs: Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact, Solidarmed
  • Research: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Ifakara Health Institute
  • Government: ministries; regional/local authorities
  • Tanzanian NGOs: Foundation for Civil Society, Tanzania Media Fund, Policy Forum, Tanzanian Forest Conservation Group, Agriculture Non-State Actors Forum (ANSAF), MWIVATA (national network of smallholders farmers), among others.
  • International NGOs: SNV, Simavi
  • Multilateral organisations: World Health Organization (WHO), World Bank, UNESCO
  • Bilateral aid donors: public development agencies (Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Ireland)
  • History of cooperation

    Projects in a single region

    Switzerland has been involved in development cooperation in Tanzania since 1960. Its activities were stepped up in 1981 when it opened a cooperation office in Dar es Salaam. Its programme is aligned with Tanzania's poverty reduction strategy and coordinated with the work of other countries and international organisations. Political and technical dialogue with partner agencies takes place at both central and local level. Switzerland's cooperation strategy for 2015–20 aims to reduce poverty in Tanzania by supporting the development of an equitable society and growth for all.

Current projects

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Youth-Inclusive Rural Finance (YIRF)

01.09.2025 - 31.08.2028

Millions of Tanzanian young people living in rural areas, in particular young women, are affected by vulnerable employment. Building on successful Swiss experience in youth employment, this initiative aims at increasing gainful self-employment through enhanced financial inclusion. It will support the design, market entrance and upscaling of innovative digital financial products and services tailored to rural youth, including female youth. In order to ensure scale and sustainability, a partnership with the private sector will be developed.


Anti-Corruption Support Programme (ACS)

01.01.2025 - 31.12.2027

The programme will build technical capacity in the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau to more effectively investigate complex financial corruption cases and increase asset recovery. This will reduce impunity, return financial resources and have a preventive effect. The programme will also promote collective action between state and non-state actors to build a social climate that is adverse to corrupt practices.


Planned project

Towards Elimination of Malaria in the United Republic of Tanzania (TEMT)

01.04.2024 - 31.03.2032

Tanzania made massive progress in malaria control through innovative approaches over the past decade. To sustain and expand these results, the program will capacitate Tanzanian institutions to engage in subnational, intersectoral and cross borders malaria elimination strategies in the region whilst continuously informing the global malaria policies and technical guidelines with practices from Tanzania. Switzerland is a recognised global expert in malaria, providing a strong rational for a renewed Swiss commitment towards “a malaria free world” by 2030.


Planned project

Domestic accountability and local revenue mobilisation

01.08.2023 - 31.07.2026

The project will support national and local government actors to increase local revenue generation alongside improving their capacities to exercise internal and external control functions. Equally importantly, dialogue and exchange between the local population and local authorities will also be fostered in order to make the collection and use of public funds more transparent, local authorities’ behaviour more accountable and thus improve service delivery.


Planned project

FutureLife-Now!

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2030

‘FutureLife now! enhances primary HIV prevention and support treatment among young people. It will operate through schools and education systems and create synergies with health and climate change in line with Agenda 2030 and the goal to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. SDC’s longstanding commitment, acknowledged by SADC[1] Member States, is unique. It offers a distinct comparative advantage over short-term programs and is a prerequisite for systemic and positive behavioral change.

[1] Southern African Development Community (SADC)


Planned project

Skills for Employment Tanzania – SET

01.07.2022 - 31.12.2029

This multi-layered program aims at enhancing prospects of gainful youth (self-) employment through a contribution to improved access to agricultural skills, and cross sectorial support to relevance and quality of Vocational Skills Development (VSD) by fostering existing institutions. Focus is placed on the coordination of skills providers and market players and on innovative solutions. The aim is to generate wide impact in order to significantly address the needs in VSD, particularly those of women.


Dynamic electronic decision trees for managing childhood illness (DYNAMIC)

15.11.2019 - 31.12.2022

Every year, more than five million children die before the age of five due to preventable or treatable causes, most of them in developing countries. New technologies combined with rapid tests can improve diagnosis and management of sick children and reduce health costs. This collaborative research project makes use of Switzerland’s knowledge in digital technologies to improve the health of children and reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions in low resource settings.


Menstrual Health Management (MHM)

15.09.2019 - 31.12.2021

Despite being the majority, young people have the worst HIV outcomes. Evidence-based, demographic and context-adapted responses are essential if ending AIDS by 2030 is to be attained. Proposed is a population level study to determine the impact of a comprehensive community based package of HIV services with a nested sub-study on Menstrual Health Management (MHM). Even though it is often neglected, MHM is crucial for women’s social inclusion, health and gender equality


Strengthening Agro-biodiversity in Southern Africa (SASA)

01.09.2019 - 31.08.2023

While governments have regional and national seed policies favourable to commercial certified seed

production, these are restrictive on farmers’ seed systems that are diverse and resilient. The project

capitalises on Swiss regional experiences on supporting seed systems in Southern Africa. This will include

the empowerment of civil society, farmers’ organisations and governments in developing inclusive agricultural

policies that ultimately contribute to sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity and improved well-being of

smallholder farming communities.


Accountability in Health & Agriculture

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2023

While governments have translated regional policies on Food Security and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) into national policies, these are poorly implemented and the public lacks capacities to act effectively upon them. The project will improve the accountability and gender responsiveness of public resource management and complement the ongoing Swiss funded projects in ensuring that policy/advocacy work developed at national, regional and global levels is disseminated and implemented by relevant SADC and governmental institutions.


Ifakara Health Institute: Scaling up of research results and innovations to maximize public health impact

15.06.2019 - 14.06.2022

Investment in health research and innovation in Tanzania is a national policy priority but receives irregular public support. This contribution aims to strengthen the Ifakara Health Institute, a successful research institution with Swiss roots, to improve its research impact at policy and community levels. The intervention will also bring together researchers and end-users in an innovation hub to identify livelihood challenges of youths and innovative approaches to address these. Private sector partnerships with Swiss innovators will be primary clients of the innovation hub.


Tanzania Election Support 2019/2020

01.05.2019 - 30.06.2021

Since the contested 2015 Presidential elections, civic space and democratic values have been on the decline in Tanzania. The 2019 local and 2020 national elections will therefore be a crucial moment for Tanzania’s democratic trajectory, which Switzerland has supported for many years. This single phase project supports a coalition of Tanzanian Civil Society Organizations to conduct long- and short term election observation; as well as a targeted intervention in Zanzibar to promote peaceful dialogue, especially for youth.

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