The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been hit by a number of humanitarian crises over the last 20 years. In addition to epidemics and natural disasters, the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa has been affected by violence that frequently has its roots in the struggle to gain control over territories and natural resources, as is particularly the case in the Tanganyika, South and North Kivu regions.
Some 4.1 million of the DRC’s total population of around 80 million are internally displaced persons – the largest number in the whole of Africa. In addition, the DRC hosts more than half a million refugees from Rwanda, the Central African Republic, South Sudan and Burundi. Another thought-provoking figure is the 7.7 million individuals who depend on food assistance to escape hunger.