Since 2016, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has provided the framework for national and international efforts to achieve sustainable development and reduce poverty. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replace the Millennium Development Goals.
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development sets out 17 objectives, known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and 169 targets on issues ranging from ending extreme poverty and hunger to education, health, gender equality, water, energy, the economy and employment, biodiversity and ecosystems, and peaceful and inclusive societies. They are formulated as follows:
- End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.
- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
- Ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation.
- Reduce inequality within and among countries.
- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts (acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change).
- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development covers the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development and takes into account the interaction between these three dimensions. In addition, it reaffirms the fundamental importance of peace and security, the rule of law and good governance for sustainable development.
Implementation, follow-up and review
In addition to the goals, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes implementation, follow-up and review measures. Since 2016, it has provided the official international framework for national and international efforts to achieve sustainable development and fight poverty.
All nations are called upon to integrate the global goals of the 2030 Agenda in their national strategies and to help implement them. Poor and particularly vulnerable countries will continue to receive support in this. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development replaces the Millennium Development Goals, which led to a 50% reduction in extreme poverty throughout the world up to 2015.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the result of a broad participatory process. Non-state actors, such as representatives of civil society, the scientific community and the private sector were actively included and were able to provide input right up to its finalisation. In an online survey, over seven million people from 194 countries stated their priorities for the new Agenda.
Switzerland was actively involved from the beginning of the three-year process to develop the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In 2013 and 2014, it was a member of the open working group which drew up a proposal for the 17 SDGs. This served as a basis for the intergovernmental negotiations.
The 2030 Agenda was formally adopted by the international community at the Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015, which took place in New York in September 2015.