Vocational Education and Training Phase II (VET II)

Project completed
SDC refurbished the vegetable processing class practice room of the Khovd Polytechinical College through the VET project. © SDC in Mongolia © SDC in Mongolia

VET II aims to contribute to equitable and sustainable social and economic development in Mongolia through the promotion of youth employment. The project will be integrated into public systems to improve youth employment policies and their implementation, benefiting all young men and women. A pro-poor and gender equality focus is mainstreamed in the project’s design and its results framework.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Vocational training

Vocational training
01.01.2016 - 31.12.2018
CHF  2’400’000

Mongolia’s economy has grown rapidly in the past five years, particularly in the resource sector, which has led to massive changes in the demand for skills as well as the structure of employment.
Despite improvement in the quality of TVET schools and the growing number of young graduates, employers continue to report an unmet demand for a qualified workforce, leaving many young skilled workers underemployed or unemployed.  The unemployment rate of youth aged from 15-25 was 17% in 2014 (national level - 7.9%). Youth employment policies and their implementation are not sufficient to meaningfully contribute to the opening up of the labour market for these young Mongolians.


The objective of the phase is to contribute to the increased employment and self-employment of young men and women in selected target areas, such as Khovd, Zavkhan, Gobi-Altai, Uvs, Bayan-Ulgii, Bayankhongor (Western region), Umnugobi, Darkhan and Ulaanbaatar.

Target groups

The direct beneficiaries of the project are young men and women in transition to workforce. They are mostly residing in rural areas and peri-urban settlements, e.g. graduates of long and short term vocational skills trainings, unemployed or employed in informal sector.

Medium-term outcomes

Outcome 1: National policies and programmes are conducive for youth employment.

Outcome 2: Effective employment support services are provided to young people.

Outcome 3: Young people operate innovative start-ups with growth potential.


Expected results:  

  1. Youth employment policies are formulated and submitted for approval.
  2. The employment promotion programme for youth is optimised.
  3. Steering mechanisms for the implementation of youth policies and programmes are results-oriented.
  4. The approach, processes and instruments of employment services are optimised.
  5. Staff capacities in delivering employment services are optimised.
  6. Local cooperation and private sector partnerships are strengthened.
  7. Financial support schemes for selected start-ups are piloted.
  8. Business-development service providers deliver quality services to selected start-ups.
  9. Mentoring and alumni networks support young start-ups.

Results from previous phases:  

The VET first phase succeeded in: i) Creating a positive image of VET among employers and the general public; ii) Improving the quality of  TVET schools and aligning the VET curricula with the needs of the labour market, and iii) Improving the services of the Regional Methodological Centre (RMC). The project’s approaches from the first phase - “from local to national”, “private sector integration” and “participative and collaborative working” - have been recognised as best practices by the Ministry of Labour (MoL), which has assumed responsibility for curriculum development templates for discussion with all stakeholders. This process has led to the acceptance of the templates for nationwide roll-out. Employers are using the occupational standards/profile methodology  to develop profiles for the most in-demand trades.

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Development cooperation
Project partners Contract partner
  • A consortium of GFA, GEFAK and SwissContact

Other partners

The following organisations are considered to be the most likely project implementing partners:

  • Ministry of Labour
  • Ministry of Industry
  • Aimag and district labour divisions
  • Public-employment services centre NESRIC
  • Private labour-exchange offices
  • Business-development service providers and business incubation centres
  • Mongolian Employers’ Federation (MONEF)
Coordination with other projects and actors

The SDC-funded Vocational Skills Development and Youth Development Programme, the EU-funded STVET and SECiM, the ILO Regional Office in Bangkok, and the VETP NGO.

Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF    2’400’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF    2’257’780
Project phases Phase 3 01.01.2019 - 30.06.2021   (Completed)

Phase 2 01.01.2016 - 31.12.2018   (Completed)

Phase 1 01.01.2011 - 31.12.2015   (Completed)