Cash transfer programming – Make beneficiaries an integral part of the humanitarian response

One Sri-Lankan handles a shovel in front of house under construction.
The logic behind the cash transfer programming is that people affected by war or natural disasters best know their own needs. © SDC

Cash transfer programming (CTP) enables victims of natural or man-made disasters to purchase items to meet their individual needs through the provision of cash. SDC uses CTP both as an immediate emergency aid and in shelter rehabilitation and livelihood restoration.

SDC focus

The distribution of cash to host families who take in refugees or the provision of construction materials from local markets in the aftermath of an earthquake are just two examples of cash transfer programming in the activities of Swiss Humanitarian Aid (SHA).

From 1998 to 2016, experts from the SHA Unit implemented more than 29 CTP projects in 29 countries. These activities contributed to meeting the basic need for a livelihood, shelter, water and sanitation, and food of people affected by war or natural disasters.

CTP is one form of humanitarian response. It is based on the principle that people affected by war or natural disasters best know their own needs. Through the distribution of cash or vouchers, CTP gives them the possibility to purchase food, water and other humanitarian items that the beneficiaries themselves can choose.

Including local assets in humanitarian actions

Although basic goods such as food and water can often be purchased on local markets, donors and aid agencies have often given priority to the shipment of tons of aid materials to crisis-affected regions from their own country. In most cases this has a negative impact on the local economy as local merchants are faced with a huge influx of free goods and items that they cannot compete with.

CTP however includes local vendors and markets in humanitarian efforts. By shifting the place of purchase from the global to local market, it enables shop-owners or local famers to keep running their businesses despite all the suffering created by war or natural disasters. Relying on existing service providers and encouraging local solutions can also facilitate the transition to recovery. Finally, CTP reduces logistical costs both in terms of time and money as the delivery of humanitarian items does not involve long distances.

Careful planning and analysis of the market and beneficiaries are key to a successful CTP project. Besides a functioning market, a reliable system of payments must be available where CTP is applied. Most importantly, beneficiaries and the communities concerned must agree with this aid modality.

Background

The SHA strongly advocates for the increased use of CTP in emergency situations while underlining the challenges related to ensuring the good quality of cash programs.

Despite widespread recognition of its relevance, the use of CTP by humanitarian agencies remains relatively low compared to more traditional ways of assistance such as in-kind distribution. For this reason, SHA and the Cash Learning Partnership (CALP) are working together to disseminate knowledge about the use of this methodology among humanitarian practitioners, develop training materials, and explore further techniques in the use of CTP, especially with new technologies.

To support its multilateral partners in the implementation of CTP projects, experts from the SHA Unit are deployed to the UN’s main partners such as WFP and UNHCR. Similar support can be offered by SHA to Swiss or international NGOs.

Links

Object 25 – 36 of 1061

Lebanon: education and care in a neighbourhood shared by Lebanese, Syrians and Palestinians

Inside a classroom where a woman teacher is sitting in front of a group of children showing them a book.

01.08.2016 - 31.12.2020

The inhabitants of Hay el Gharbé in southern Beirut live in a very precarious situation. Since 2012, a number of Syrian refugees have joined their neighbourhood. The SDC supports the Lebanese NGO Tahaddi, which has made a real difference in people’s lives here – such as with its education centre, helping a large number of children to (re)discover schooling and escape their daily hardships. 

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Lebanon
Education
Health
Primary education
Primary health care
Medical services

01.08.2016 - 31.12.2020


CHF 1'270'000



Supporting livestock traceability in the South Caucasus

The image shows a close-up of a calf with an identification tag in its right ear.

15.06.2016 - 31.12.2021

Identifying where animals have come from and recording information about their health is essential in modern agriculture to prevent the spread of diseases and stop products from diseased animals reaching the market. A system to ensure traceability will help to improve the incomes of farmers in the South Caucasus by increasing both herd productivity and the producers’ access to markets.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
South Caucasus
Agriculture & food security
Agriculture value-chain development (til 2016)

15.06.2016 - 31.12.2021


CHF 5'935'000



Prospects for young, unemployed adults in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.04.2016 - 31.03.2022

The aim of the Youth Employment Project (YEP) is to help public employment bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina to improve their offer and to introduce youth-friendly services, such as individual and group careers advice for unemployed young adults between 18 and 30 years. Together with local partners, YEP also promotes new job opportunities linked to social entrepreneurship models.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Employment & economic development
Vocational training
Employment creation
Business support & economic inclusion
Vocational training

01.04.2016 - 31.03.2022


CHF 6'789'086



Migration for social well-being and economic development in Sri Lanka

Family members excitedly examine their travel documents

01.03.2016 - 31.12.2020

Every year, large numbers of Sri Lankans leave their country to work abroad for a few years, usually in the Gulf States. They thereby further Sri Lanka's economic development but at the same time risk having their basic human rights, and their labour rights in particular, violated. That is why the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) is working for the establishment of a framework that ensures decent working conditions for migrant workers in the region.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Sri Lanka
Employment & economic development
Migration
Labour migration
Migration generally (development aspects and partnerships)

01.03.2016 - 31.12.2020


CHF 6'850'000



Nepal: An array of measures to tackle gender-based violence

Group photo of the participants from above

01.02.2016 - 31.12.2020

Gender-based violence is a widespread problem in Nepal, and an obstacle to sustainable development. The SDC and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) launched a 3-year prevention and response project at the beginning of 2016. Women and girls are learning about their rights and being encouraged to report assaults. Men and boys are being encouraged to change their behaviour towards women. And duty bearers are learning to respond more rapidly and effectively. The project is already delivering first encouraging results.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Nepal
Gender
Human rights
Sexual & gender-based violence
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)

01.02.2016 - 31.12.2020


CHF 3'743'000



Vocational skills development in Tunisia – destination employment

In Tunisia, an SDC programme enables young job seekers to acquire the technical and social skills required in the workplace

01.01.2016 - 31.03.2021


An SDC programme boosts the employability of young Tunisians entering the job market. It provides them with training in vocational skills to equip them with the practical experience and know-how required in the workplace.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Tunisia
Vocational training
Employment & economic development
Vocational training
Employment creation

01.01.2016 - 31.03.2021


CHF 9'603'475



Reforming civil society organisations in Moldova

Women and men assembled in a room

01.12.2015 - 30.06.2021

The Engaging Citizens and Empowering Communities project aims to strengthen civil society organisations by enabling them to play a crucial role in promoting and safeguarding the rights and interests of vulnerable and marginalised people in Moldova.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Moldova
Governance
Human rights
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Democratic participation and civil society
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)

01.12.2015 - 30.06.2021


CHF 3'150'000



Appui aux économies locales des collectivités de Youwarou et de Niafunké. Programme de Soutien aux Economies Locales du Delta intérieur du Niger

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2020

Dans les régions du delta intérieur du Niger, au centre et au Nord du Mali, les populations rurales sont confrontées à des crises structurelles multiformes dont l’insécurité alimentaire. La DDC appuie les autorités locales avec des projets économiques dans les filières agricoles porteuses pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire et réduire la pauvreté d’au moins 150'000 personnes. En plus, elle accompagne les municipalités de cette zone dans la maitrise d’ouvrage du développement territorial et la gestion pacifique des ressources naturelles.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Agriculture & food security
Governance
Climate change and environment
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Agriculture value-chain development (til 2016)
Decentralisation
Environmental policy

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2020


CHF 9'445'000



Sustainable water and pasture management to alleviate the plight of Ethiopian pastoralists

A group of Ethiopian men and women beside a half dried-up pool of water, using picks and shovels to dig new basins.

01.06.2015 - 31.12.2021

Drought, fodder scarcity and conflicts over natural resources make life difficult for pastoralists in southern Ethiopia. The SDC has taken various measures to improve their food security and their resilience to crisis situations, ranging from the rehabilitation of pastureland and water points to the introduction of land use plans and the diversification of income sources for women.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Ethiopia
Agriculture & food security
Conflict & fragility
Climate change and environment
Agricultural land resources
Household food security
Conflict prevention
Disaster risk reduction DRR

01.06.2015 - 31.12.2021


CHF 8'653'920



Forging a common «Nile culture» through music and academic training

Nile Project musicians on a boat.

01.05.2015 - 30.11.2020

To make the Nile Basin a common ground and shared ecosystem for the inhabitants of the eleven countries through which the Nile River flows, the SDC supports the innovative musical and educational Nile Project. The project brings together artists, students and concerned citizens. A series of acclaimed concerts has taken place since 2013; at the same time, students are developing initiatives to foster a better use of water resources.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Egypt
Culture / development awareness
Employment & economic development
Education
Climate change and environment
Gender
Governance
Migration
Other
Vocational training
Human rights
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Culture & recreation
SME development
Education policy
Disaster risk reduction DRR
Women’s equality organisations and institutions
Democratic participation and civil society
Information and communication technology (ICT)
Migration generally (development aspects and partnerships)
Sector not specified
Development awareness
Business support & economic inclusion
Environmental policy
Public sector policy
Vocational training
Biosphere protection
Legal and judicial development
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)

01.05.2015 - 30.11.2020


CHF 750'000



Bangladesh: courses to raise job prospects for the poor in the textiles and building sectors

Three sewing machine operators in a textile factory receiving on-the-job training from three other people.

01.04.2015 - 31.03.2021

The textiles and construction sectors in Bangladesh are recording high rates of growth, but many poor women and men lack the necessary qualifications for skilled jobs. By 2019, a project jointly financed by Switzerland and the United Kingdom aims to give 110,000 of them better prospects through on-the-job training. The results so far are promising.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Bangladesh
Employment & economic development
Vocational training
Employment creation
Vocational training
Tradepolicy & market system

01.04.2015 - 31.03.2021


CHF 5'825'000



Life without violence, from dream to reality

The face of a woman who has been abused.

01.02.2015 - 30.09.2020

The SDC hopes that by backing a newly-adopted law in Bolivia on ending violence against women, it can contribute to more systematic and targeted care for female victims. Local and national authorities and the people are working together on a comprehensive approach to prevent assaults on women. Too often, attitudes are tinged with a male chauvinism that sanctions violence.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Bolivia
Human rights
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)

01.02.2015 - 30.09.2020


CHF 4'171'000


Object 25 – 36 of 1061

Current projects