Fragility, conflicts, violence and human rights violations: these are among the main challenges to poverty reduction. Fragility within a state is characterised by the government’s inability to provide security and basic public services. A constructive and reciprocal relationship between the government and the citizens is also lacking.
It is estimated that worldwide more than 40 states are beset by violence and conflict, affecting a total population of some 1.5 billion who count among the world’s poorest. SDC works to alleviate the causes of conflict, strengthen basic public services and increase respect for human rights.
A majority of the countries considered as fragile have failed to achieve any of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) whose primary aim it is to halve world poverty by 2015. The local populations suffer from violent conflicts, uncertain political conditions and weak governance.
The SDC’s work in fragile contexts is based on the ten OECD principles and includes the following objectives: reducing the causes of conflicts, increasing resistance to crises and improving the human rights situation.
Spesso colpiscono la popolazione civile quando il conflitto è già ampiamente concluso. Le vittime sono quasi sempre civili, un quarto sono addirittura bambini. Ripulire un terreno dalle mine è un'operazione laboriosa, costosa e pericolosa.
The shantytowns in southern Beirut, Hay Al-Gharbeh and Sabra Al
Horsh, are home to more than 10'000 marginalized people, amongst
them also Syrians, who fled their country. In the absence of public
services, the local NGO Tahaddi seeks to alleviate the dire
conditions for the inhabitants through social services ,
psychological support, health and education programs. Besides
supporting the ongoing program, the SDC contribution also
strengthens Tahaddi's organisational development.
Switzerland supports the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP) in its effort to contribute to the achievement of Sustainable
Development Goal 16 (SDG 16). With this strategic contribution,
Switzerland strengthens the capacity of UNDP to prevent and mitigate
armed conflict and violence, to promote inclusive and accountable
governance, including the rule of law, and to respond rapidly to
crises. This builds on a long-standing successful partnership with
UNDP on crisis prevention and response.
Colombia has been suffering from a protracted armed conflict, which
affected the living conditions of over 7.5 million people. Colombia
has a historic opportunity to achieve a peace agreement with the
FARC-EP guerrilla in 2016, entering into a transition period out of
conflict into local peace and statebuilding. In this post-conflict
context, a data management system, taking into account not only
humanitarian, but also peacebuilding and development needs is
crucial to contribute to a more strategic decision making and better
alignment and harmonization.
Le Sahel connaît depuis plusieurs années une recrudescence de
l’extrémisme violent, avec des groupes terroristes et criminels
capables d’élargir leur zone d’opération et de recrutement à des
populations jusqu’ici épargnées par les phénomènes de radicalisation.
La Suisse souhaite renforcer ses liens avec l’Union Africaine et lui
apporter son soutien pour l’organisation de deux colloques au Mali et
au Tchad, visant à renforcer la position des leaders religieux et
traditionnels comme acteurs de paix et à sensibiliser contre les
dangers de l’instrumentalisation des religions.
Les routes constituent un soutien à la croissance économique par la
mobilité des personnes et des marchandises. Au Burkina Faso, elles
demeurent en deçà des besoins et des référentiels de l’espace UEMOA.
Partant de ce constat et sur l’expérience de la DDC, le gouvernement a
souhaité que la Suisse finance conjointement un projet
d’infrastructures et de mobilité avec la Banque Mondiale avec la
méthode haute intensité de main d’œuvre (HIMO). Un inventaire des
initiatives basées sur la méthode HIMO dans les 13 régions a été lancé
en vue d’élaborer une politique nationale HIMO. La DDC s’engage à
contribuer à ce projet et valorise la méthode HIMO à l’échelle nationale.
The programme builds on a vision that the strengthened and
pluralistic cultural sector contributes to developing and empowering
the civil society. The programme aims to protect and to enlarge a
social space where democratic values can be expressed and
intercultural dialogue happen. lt has the potential to allow
marginalised voices to be heard and new or unpopular ideas to be shared.
The security situation in Afghanistan is becoming increasingly
difficult. International NGO Safety Organisation provides
Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) with the necessary advice and
services to maintain their operations and reach the vulnerable
population. SDC and Swiss partners rely on INSO services to be able to
stay engaged in Afghanistan. SDC’s support allows strengthening an
independent and professional organization working for risk mitigation
for NGOs in a fragile context.
SDC partnership with the Culture and Free Thought Association
(CFTA) enables the provision of quality services in vulnerable and
marginalized areas of the Gaza Strip. CFTA’s work aims at
strengthening the capacities of the Palestinian civil society in the
Gaza Strip through integrated programs for children, youth, and
women – in particular non formal education, psychosocial support,
artistic skills development, rights awareness and fighting against
domestic violence - and support to CBOs organizations and networks.
CFTA is also a platform for youth and women to become active members
of their communities.
The Strengthening Rule of Law in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) project aims
to increase access to justice for the people, especially women and
other vulnerable groups in KP, and support the government in its
efforts to stabilise the region by strengthening the legal system.
This project aims to support KP transition out of fragility by
‘establishing and strengthening people’s security’ and ‘addressing injustices’.
With over 1 million Syrian refugees against a population of around
4.2 million, Lebanon now has the highest number of refugees per
capita in the world. Around 35 % of those refugees are hosted in the
four largest cities: Tripoli, Beirut, Saida and Tyr which
accommodate 50% of the total population in Lebanon. Priority needs
are shelter, food and livelihoods. UN-Habitat in Lebanon addresses
the urban challenges and needs in these cities.
The support provided by SDC (single- phase project) focusses on
improving the effectiveness of public policies on citizen security in
the Latin American and Caribbean countries, as a response to high
levels of violence in the region. SDC will contribute to the IDB
Multidonor Fund of the Citizen Security Initiative (CSI), aiming to
strengthen the capacity of states to implement public policies on
citizen security and promote exchange of lessons learnt through
regional dialogue and bi- and multilateral cooperation in earmarked projects.
Participatory spatial planning will be tested in 5 municipalities
and 10 neighbourhoods of the Gaza Strip by acknowledging that a
human rights based approach to planning legitimizes the interests of
marginalized groups. This intervention aims at fostering a more
sustainable urban environment in the context of continuous
demographic growth, while contributing to the overall reconstruction
efforts after recurrent armed conflicts, and several years of full
blockade of the Gaza Strip.