Many localities in Moldova suffer from low level of water and
sanitation public services. By joining the ongoing “Modernization of
local public services“ program designed to reduce regional
disparities in service delivery, SDC has the opportunity to up-scale
its successful decentralized water and sanitation models through
integrated regional platforms. SDC will support the water supply
infrastructure in 3 villages in the south of Moldova and the
capacity building of local and regional water supply service providers.
The Earth Security Initiative (ESI) is a new innovative platform
created to develop and advocate resource governance from an
inter-dependence perspective, to provide a new way of seeing the
security implications of resource scarcity, and to develop new tools
and strategies aiming to mobilize government policy-makers, the
private sector and civil society to work together on improving
sustainable resource governance across silos.
Water scarcity and declining water quality are a problem in almost
all countries. More comprehensive information on their current
status and trends would enable Member States to better make
evidence-based development decisions for sustainable development,
management and use of sanitation and water resources. The
6th Sustainable Development Goal of the 2030 Agendawill
provide a unique opportunity to address the multiple and growing
challenges associated with sustainable water and sanitation. This
includes the need for a coherent and holistic monitoring framework
with improved data acquisition and the analysis to track progress.
An estimated 200 million people worldwide, roughly 5% of those who
use groundwater for drinking, are exposed to elevated concentrations
of arsenic or fluoride (geogenic contaminants), whose health effects
are severe. This initiative, proposed by Eawag, aims to reduce
disease caused by geogenic contamination through awareness creation
among government institutions and donors. An interactive knowledge
hub will provide global maps for arsenic and fluoride, and expertise
for data analysis and recommendations for action. There will be
active capacity building in selected affected hub countries in Asia
Enhancing agricultural water efficiency and productivity is
imperative to mitigate water scarcity and to in-crease food security
and income of small-scale farmers in the developing world.
Implemented through FAO and the Partnership for agricultural water
for Africa, the project will establish evidence based policy, good
practice and investment in sustainable agricultural water management
in Burkina Faso, Uganda, and Morocco as well as globally by linking
catalytic activities to policy processes (e.g.to the Comprehensive
African Agricultural Development Programme).
In the past 30 years the aquifers in the semi-arid North China
Plain have been greatly overexploited. Climate change is increasing
the drought problem. The project assesses measures to establish a
long-term balanced regional water budget by water imports and water
saving and applies complementary use of precipitation, surface water
and groundwater. The system is based on real-time monitoring of
groundwater tables and pumping rates and controlling pumping wells
via a quota system. The insights of this project can be applied also
in other countries.
Poor governance is the key bottleneck in the Moldovan water sector,
which jeopardizes long-term sustainability of past investments, and
hinders new Investments to extend access to drinking water for all.
With this project, SDC will improve the steering and management of
the sector as well as the performance of key sector institutions,
through working directly with the national institutions on sector
capacity development, integrated water resource management, and a
comprehensive water information system.
Access to affordable productive water technologies disseminated by
International Development Enterprises (IDE) through setting up
sustainable local supply chains have proven to impact incomes and
water productivity of over 300'000 small farmers so far. The project
in phase 2 will make the regional programs sustainable and allow
them to grow further, building strong linkages with financial
services. It will develop and disseminate tools to use water in an
efficient and sustainable way, and make suitable technologies and
dissemination approaches available for replication globally.
The effects of climate change on the Yangtze River are crucial for
the economy, food production, livelihood safety and ecosystems of
about one third of China’s population. The present project studies
the Jinsha River Basin in the upper Yangtze, where glacier and
climatic variability greatly influence the water regimes, and
measures are needed for a sustainable, integrated water management,
catering for hazard and water management, hydroelectricity and
agricultural production, as well as biodiversity and human
wellbeing, in the coming years.
Incidence of poverty in irrigated areas of Nepal is half that in
rain-fed areas and access to irrigation water contributes thus to
mitigate poverty. Since the marginal lands are better accessible
through small irrigation schemes, reducing poverty of smallholder
farmers through small irrigation systems
 are more effective than medium-sized or large
systems. SIP will not only help increase their agricultural
productivity but will also enhance the capacity of national and local
government so that they can respond to these needs.
 Small-scale irrigation, defined by the GoN's irrigation policy as
command areas smaller than 25 ha in the hills and mountains and 200 ha
The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) was engaged
in the Fergana valley both in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan with the
Regional Rural Water Supply and Sanitation project since 2007. Due
to difficulties in implementing regional projects in Central Asia,
SDC decided in 2012 to develop two separate country projects with a
regional view. The overall objective of the project is to improve
the rural population’s health and livelihood with sustainable safe
drinking water and sanitation facilities as well as with the
development of training for better household hygienic behavior.