África del Norte (Túnez, Libia, Marruecos, Egipto, Argelia)

Las tensiones políticas que tuvieron lugar en 2011 desencadenaron un largo e incierto proceso de transición. El compromiso de Suiza persigue, sobre todo, acompañar a los países en su transición política, económica y social. Los proyectos están centrados en la democracia y los derechos humanos, en el crecimiento y en actividades lucrativas sostenibles e inclusivas, así como en las cuestiones relativas a la migración y la protección.

Mapa de la región África del Norte (Egipto, Túnez, Marruecos, Libia)
© DFAE

África del Norte está formada por países con perfiles muy diferenciados que, por su importancia geopolítica y su proximidad con Europa, se consideran también contrapartes importantes para Suiza. Todos estos países se enfrentan a los mismos desafíos: elevado desempleo, en especial entre los jóvenes y las mujeres, corrupción, disparidades regionales, así como exclusión política, económica y social. Una seguridad precaria, una economía estancada y los fuertes flujos migratorios completan el cuadro.

Transición democrática y derechos humanos

Suiza contribuye a la promoción del Estado de derecho, los derechos humanos, el diálogo político y la sociedad civil. Respaldó las elecciones desde 2011 en Túnez y puso a disposición a sus expertos en Derecho Constitucional. Además, Suiza ofrece su apoyo a Túnez y a Egipto para superar su pasado y acompaña a los organismos públicos en sus esfuerzos hacia una mayor transparencia.

Reformas del Estado y de la economía

Compromiso en contextos frágiles y prevención de conflictos violentos

Crecimiento y actividades lucrativas sostenibles e inclusivas

Suiza contribuye a la mejora de las perspectivas económicas mediante proyectos innovadores y pragmáticos. El objetivo es reforzar la competitividad internacional y optimizar las condiciones que regulan las actividades económicas. Suiza comparte su experiencia en materia de formación profesional y promueve una gestión sostenible de los recursos naturales. Así pues, la COSUDE respalda desde 2012 la modernización del sector del suministro de agua y del tratamiento de aguas residuales en el marco de un proyecto en Asuán, una de las gobernaciones (provincias) más desfavorecidas de Egipto. El proyecto concierne a los 100 000 habitantes del barrio de El-Nassereya, donde se construyó un depósito de agua con una capacidad de 2000 m3.

Educación básica y formación profesional

Desarrollo del sector privado y servicios financieros

Migración y protección

África del Norte tiene una tradición marcada por numerosos flujos migratorios: individuos que se desplazan en su país, en su región, y hacia Europa, huyendo de las crisis económicas y los conflictos. Un buen número de estos emigrantes son víctimas de la violencia y la explotación. Suiza trabaja con las autoridades locales, las diásporas y las organizaciones internacionales y bilaterales, protege y apoya a los emigrantes amenazados, a los refugiados y a las víctimas del tráfico de personas y defiende sus derechos. A través de la Media Luna Roja Tunecina, proporciona ayuda de emergencia a los refugiados rescatados por mar y a los emigrantes en campamentos de tránsito.

Migración

Historia de la cooperación

Desde 2011, Suiza se compromete en África del Norte en el marco de un enfoque interdepartamental por parte de la Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperación (COSUDE), la División Seguridad Humana (DSH), la Dirección Política del DFAE, la Secretaría de Estado de Economía (SECO) y la Secretaría de Estado de Migración (SEM). Suiza centra su compromiso en tres temáticas prioritarias: transición democrática y derechos humanos, crecimiento y actividades lucrativas sostenibles e inclusivas, así como migración y protección. Suiza tiene un papel activo en Egipto y Túnez en lo referente a estos tres ámbitos. En Marruecos está presente por medio de un programa más restringido, a la vez que proporciona ayuda humanitaria en Libia y Argelia. Además, en Libia asume un compromiso en favor de la paz

Enlaces

Documentos

Proyectos Egipto

Objeto 13 – 20 de 20

Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).


Hayenna: Integrated Urban Development Project in Egypt

30.06.2017 - 30.06.2022

This project should enhance the organizational capacity of local government units to better manage their land and linked local revenues. Furthermore, the project activities shall also support ongoing efforts aimed at improving the related legal and institutional frameworks at the national level. This project will be implemented by UN-Habitat.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


World Bank Capital Markets Strenghtening Facility

01.03.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Capital Markets Strengthening Facility is an innovative cross-cutting initiative with the overall objective to develop stable and resilient capital markets and to facilitate long-term local currency financing for sectors critical for economic growth and poverty reduction. SECO’s funds are earmarked to its priority countries in the 'South'.


Improving Healthcare Hazardous Waste Management in Dakhaleya Governorate, Egypt

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Healthcare Hazardous Waste Management Project will realize one important aspect of the Egyptian National Strategy for Hazardous Medical Waste Management: the establishment of centralized incineration facilities including the required capacity building and training. The experience made with the project shall be fed back into the future discussion to revise and upgrade the strategy and into a policy dialog to improve health care waste management in Egypt.


National Solid Waste Management Program for Egypt

01.03.2014 - 31.12.2021

The National Solid Waste Management Program aims at supporting the establishment and implementation of effective policy, legislation and institutional arrangements for municipal solid waste management in Egypt, coupled with the implementation of related infrastructure.


Sanad Fund

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2028

The Sanad Fund is an investment vehicle, that provides debt and equity financing to banks and microfinance institutions. The ultimate beneficiaries are micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The Middle East and North African region is the main target region of the Sanad Fund.


Improved Water and Wastewater Services Program - Phase II

01.07.2013 - 31.12.2023

The Improved Water and Wastewater Services Program - Phase II (IWSP II) plans to increase the coverage of water supply systems and wastewater treatment infrastructure in four Governorates of Upper Egypt (Qena, Assiout, Minya, Sohag).

Objeto 13 – 20 de 20

Proyectos Libia

Objeto 1 – 6 de 6

  • 1

ACTED: Strengthening humanitarian coordination and access to safe and dignified protection in Libya

01.02.2019 - 31.01.2020

Through the current intervention, ACTED will adopt a twofold approach aiming to contribute to strengthen the response to protection cases in Libya through enhanced coordination and provision of cash assistance. On the one hand, ACTED will strengthen response capacities through the distribution of one-off cash grants based on ongoing protection monitoring activities. On the other hand, the project will support the voices of INGOs in the humanitarian coordination structure, by developing the activities of the INGO Forum.


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2019

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence.


North Africa Cultural Programme (NACP), Phase 1

15.12.2018 - 14.03.2022

By developing a Regional Cultural Programme, Switzerland seeks to facilitate intercultural dialogue and exchange as a foundation for peace and conflict sensitive development in North Africa and to foster artistic expression as a driver of change in support to the challenges of transition. This will promote peaceful coexistence, political stability and social cohesion in North Africa, hence providing a contribution to the prevention of violent extremism and alternatives for the fulfillment of North African youth in their own societies.


North Africa Cultural Programme

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2025

Le programme fournit un cadre pour un appui à la Culture comme vecteur d’échanges et de dialogue entre les personnes et les sociétés civiles en Afrique du Nord. Il contribue aux processus de transition politique, à la création d’opportunités de développement économique et à une vision positive de la migration. Il renforce la capacité des peuples d’Afrique du Nord à mettre en valeur leur patrimoine et aux jeunes de la région à exprimer pacifiquement leurs aspiration et leur inventivité.


Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.


Programme Development North Africa

01.07.2015 - 30.06.2020

Originally conceived to support the development of activities under the Swiss North Africa Programme launched from scratch in 2011, the 5th phase with a much reduced budget allows deepening relevant thematic and context knowledge, developing and formulating future strategic priorities and setting-up adapted or new projects for SDC in a fragile and complex environment. For 2015-16 the focus is on preparatory work for the Swiss North Africa programme 2017-20.

Objeto 1 – 6 de 6

  • 1

Proyectos Marruecos

Objeto 1 – 8 de 8

  • 1

North Africa Cultural Programme (NACP), Phase 1

15.12.2018 - 14.03.2022

By developing a Regional Cultural Programme, Switzerland seeks to facilitate intercultural dialogue and exchange as a foundation for peace and conflict sensitive development in North Africa and to foster artistic expression as a driver of change in support to the challenges of transition. This will promote peaceful coexistence, political stability and social cohesion in North Africa, hence providing a contribution to the prevention of violent extremism and alternatives for the fulfillment of North African youth in their own societies.


ASAP-M : Appui Suisse aux Associations Professionnelles au Maroc

01.12.2017 - 30.11.2019

Le projet ASAP-M phase 2 accompagne cinq Associations Professionnelles au Maroc, pour l’amélioration de leurs prestations envers les membres afin d’augmenter la performance des Micro, Petites et Moyennes Entreprises en termes de compétitivité, revenu et emploi. L’intervention se concentre  sur les deux régions les plus pauvres au Maroc - Beni Mellal Khénifra et Drâa Tafilalet - dans le but d’accompagner la mise en œuvre de la régionalisation avancée.


North Africa Cultural Programme

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2025

Le programme fournit un cadre pour un appui à la Culture comme vecteur d’échanges et de dialogue entre les personnes et les sociétés civiles en Afrique du Nord. Il contribue aux processus de transition politique, à la création d’opportunités de développement économique et à une vision positive de la migration. Il renforce la capacité des peuples d’Afrique du Nord à mettre en valeur leur patrimoine et aux jeunes de la région à exprimer pacifiquement leurs aspiration et leur inventivité.


Projet Oriental Protection Migrants Maroc

01.01.2017 - 31.03.2018

Morocco is a country of transit and destination for migrants and refugees, 20’000 of which live on the margins of society, despite the 2014 adopted first ever migration strategy, promising the respect of human rights and access to public services. The “Projet Oriental” facilitates access to health care and provides humanitarian support to 5’600 vulnerable migrants per year and coaches public and civil society service providers to care for the specific needs of the migrants.


Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.


Programme Development North Africa

01.07.2015 - 30.06.2020

Originally conceived to support the development of activities under the Swiss North Africa Programme launched from scratch in 2011, the 5th phase with a much reduced budget allows deepening relevant thematic and context knowledge, developing and formulating future strategic priorities and setting-up adapted or new projects for SDC in a fragile and complex environment. For 2015-16 the focus is on preparatory work for the Swiss North Africa programme 2017-20.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Phase II

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2021

SECO is partnerning with the World Bank to implement the Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Program to support primarily SECO priority countries in building their financial resilience to natural disasters. Countries receive technical assistance helping them in their advance planning of financing needs in the case of natural disasters.

Objeto 1 – 8 de 8

  • 1

Proyectos Túnez

Objeto 1 – 12 de 19

La formación profesional en Túnez: Objetivo empleo

En Túnez, un proyecto de la COSUDE permite que los jóvenes en busca de empleo adquieran las competencias técnicas y sociales necesarias en el mundo laboral.

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020

Un programa de la COSUDE mejora la empleabilidad de los jóvenes titulados de Túnez poniendo en marcha formaciones profesionales que les permiten tener experiencias prácticas y adquirir el saber hacer necesario en el mundo laboral.

Región/País Tema Período Presupuesto
Túnez
Formación profesional
Empleo y desarrollo económico
Formación profesional
Creación de empleo

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020


CHF 9'603'475



Participation active des citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens – PACT

01.01.2026 - 31.12.2028

La Suisse veut contribuer à la transition démocratique de la Tunisie suite à la révolution de 2011. Cette transition passe par une participation accrue des citoyens, en particulier des jeunes, dans la gestion des affaires publiques à travers la mise en place de mécanismes de participation inclusive. La Suisse entend promouvoir des initiatives citoyennes faisant la promotion d’une culture de redevabilité des acteurs politiques auprès des communautés tout en formant les nouveaux élus locaux dans le cadre de la décentralisation.


Planned project

Transition redevable pour la société tunisienne (TRUST)

01.03.2022 - 28.02.2028

L’intervention contribue à l’émergence d’un système de redevabilité durable, veillant au respect de l’Etat de droit, favorisant la réactivité, l’efficacité et la confiance des citoyennes et des citoyens dans les institutions publiques. Elle soutient de manière ciblée les capacités de partenaires publics et de la société civile à exercer leurs rôles dans la régulation, la surveillance et le contrôle de l’activité publique par une approche transversale et complémentaire aux soutiens existants.


Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens RESPECT

01.12.2020 - 30.11.2026

L’intervention renforce la gouvernance du secteur de sécurité tunisien et les capacités institutionnelles de prévention de l’extrémisme violent. Elle contribue ainsi à une meilleure protection des citoyennes et des citoyens tunisiens à travers une assistance vers une gestion de la sécurité redevable et efficace, et à travers un soutien à la définition et à la mise en œuvre de politiques publiques limitant le phénomène de l’extrémisme violent.

 


ELECT – Elections libres et crédibles en Tunisie

15.08.2019 - 30.06.2020

The project supports the orderly conduct of the 2019 Electoral process in Tunisia (legislative and presidential elections). It aims at ensuring International and African observation missions and enabling local NGOs to co-lead the process. This short term project completes and facilitates Switzerland’s support to democratic processes in the field of accountability and citizen participation since 2011.


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2019

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence.


North Africa Cultural Programme (NACP), Phase 1

15.12.2018 - 14.03.2022

By developing a Regional Cultural Programme, Switzerland seeks to facilitate intercultural dialogue and exchange as a foundation for peace and conflict sensitive development in North Africa and to foster artistic expression as a driver of change in support to the challenges of transition. This will promote peaceful coexistence, political stability and social cohesion in North Africa, hence providing a contribution to the prevention of violent extremism and alternatives for the fulfillment of North African youth in their own societies.


Program for the Support of Electoral Processes in Tunisia (PSPET) – Phase II

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2019

The program contributes to outcome 1.2 of the SDC’s 2017-2020 strategy. This intermediary phase of the program would contribute to leverage the resilience of independent electoral authorities for the successful organization of the 2019 national elections and beyond and strengthen citizen engagement in decision making through effective outreach and civic education. It would also permit for a closer assessment of the field to prepare for the phasing out of the program moving forward. 


Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens (RESPECT), Phase 1

01.12.2017 - 30.11.2020

L’intervention contribue à la prévention de l’extrémisme violent en renforçant la capacité des autorités à déterminer les causes de celui-ci et les moyens de les prévenir par des actions concrètes dans tous les secteurs d’activité de l’Etat, en collaboration étroite avec la société civile. Elle vise notamment à améliorer la relation de confiance entre les citoyens et les agents de l’Etat chargés de garantir leur sécurité par une meilleure redevabilité, une information plus transparente du public et une implication de la société civile dans les décisions.


North Africa Cultural Programme

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2025

Le programme fournit un cadre pour un appui à la Culture comme vecteur d’échanges et de dialogue entre les personnes et les sociétés civiles en Afrique du Nord. Il contribue aux processus de transition politique, à la création d’opportunités de développement économique et à une vision positive de la migration. Il renforce la capacité des peuples d’Afrique du Nord à mettre en valeur leur patrimoine et aux jeunes de la région à exprimer pacifiquement leurs aspiration et leur inventivité.



Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 19