Explotaciones agrícolas familiares y pequeñas

Las pequeñas explotaciones agrícolas generan casi la mitad de la alimentación necesaria en todo el mundo. © DDC/Fritz R. Staehelin

Las explotaciones agrícolas familiares y pequeñas contribuyen considerablemente a suministrar alimentos a la creciente población mundial, mantienen y crean puestos de trabajo en las zonas rurales y pueden contrarrestar el éxodo rural. Necesitan el acceso a mercados estables, una infraestructura adecuada, así como el acceso a la formación y a servicios de información y financieros. La COSUDE ayuda a este tipo de explotaciones a adaptarse a los cambios y a intensificar su producción de forma sostenible.

La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO) califica de pequeños productores a quienes cuentan con un terreno no superior a las 10 hectáreas para vivir de la ganadería, los bosques o la pesca. En las pequeñas explotaciones agrícolas, la familia es el pilar fundamental, bien en la producción, bien en el mantenimiento de la explotación. La familia suele situarse en el centro, ya sea en la producción o en la gestión de la explotación. Además, la familia consume una parte de la producción. En comparación con las grandes explotaciones, la productividad del trabajo de las explotaciones agrícolas familiares y pequeñas es cerca de un tercio inferior. Sin embargo, o precisamente por ello, Suiza está convencida de que brindar apoyo a las explotaciones familiares y pequeñas puede contribuir a reducir el hambre y la pobreza en el mundo.

La COSUDE ayuda a las explotaciones familiares y pequeñas de los países en desarrollo principalmente a adaptarse a los continuos cambios (climáticos y de disponibilidad de medios y métodos de producción o bien de demanda del mercado) y a aumentar y mejorar su producción.

Enlaces

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 61 – 72 de 175

Plant Variety Protection Legislation and Farmers’ Rights in Developing Countries

01.10.2018 - 30.09.2022

Plant variety protection legislation in accordance with the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) is gaining importance in developing countries. This kind of legislation often neglects the existing informal seed systems and Farmers’ Rights. SDC supports APBREBES, a network of civil society organizations, to raise awareness and contribute to capacity building on alternative legislation that better reflect smallholders’ needs and practices.


China: Rehabilitation and management strategy for over-pumped aquifers under a changing climate

01.09.2018 - 31.12.2021

In the past 30 years the aquifers in the North China plain have been over-exploited. Based on cutting-edge Sino-Swiss expertise in real-time groundwater monitoring and modelling, the project will implement groundwater and agricultural management policies to stabilize groundwater levels as a buffer to climate change induced droughts. The project will work with farmers and local authorities to facilitate policy uptake. Findings are relevant for many water-stressed countries and will be shared globally.


Scaling Up Youth Employment in Agriculture Initiative

01.08.2018 - 31.10.2023

Education systems in Southern Africa do not prepare youth for work; they cannot access or create economic opportunities and ignore the available options. The project will scale up in Southern Africa a model already tested by Switzerland in Tanzania. It will improve (self)-employment of 20’000 young women and men in Zimbabwe and Zambia by strengthening their skills and matching them with existing job opportunities, thereby contributing to the implementation of youth policies in-country and regionally.


Remote sensing-based Information and Insurance for Crops in Emerging economies (RIICE) - Phase 3

01.08.2018 - 30.06.2021

Extreme weather events increasingly affect small-scale producers in Asia. Satellites and other information technologies present tremendous potential for improved country-wide monitoring of crop growth and insurance solutions for extreme weather events. With RIICE, SDC supports the integration of expertise from Swiss private actors and international public research centres toward modernizing public agricultural services and crop insurance programmes, offering performant solutions to Governments and producers to cope with production shortfalls.


Integrated Seed Sector Development (ISSD) Africa

01.08.2018 - 31.07.2026

Today, only 12 plant species and five animal species provide more than 75 percent of all human food. Quality seed and maintaining the agrobiodiversity are key concerns for food security and nutrition. Aiming at enhancing access of smallholders to quality seed of their choice, the Integrated Seed Sector Development in Africa programme combines public and private efforts. With its contribution and policy work, SDC supports healthy food systems, as well in fragile contexts.


Integrated Seed Sector Development in Africa (ISSD Africa)

01.08.2018 - 31.08.2022

Smallholders in Africa need to have access to affordable quality seeds. The Integrated Seed Sector Development in Africa project assesses critical factors of the seed sector in the continent and offers innovative solutions that respond to the diversity of needs of African smallholders, bringing together the assets of informal, intermediary and formal seed systems. Through its existing seed sector related engagement, SDC is well placed to support policies at country and African Union levels.


Solar irrigation for Agriculture Resilience (SoLAR)

01.08.2018 - 31.12.2023

Farmers increasingly rely on irrigation to counter rising temperature and rainfall variability, leading to growth in energy demand and depletion of groundwater resources. The project aims to promote solar irrigation as a water-energy solution for climate-resilient and socially inclusive agrarian livelihoods in South Asia. Swiss innovation in groundwater monitoring through electricity use, efficient solar pumps and smart micro grids will be applied in the partner countries.


Programme de Développement des Infrastructures Économiques et Marchandes au Bénin (PDIEM)

01.07.2018 - 30.06.2022

La phase 1 du PDIEM a rénové 6 infrastructures économiques et marchandes d’importance nationale/régionale, pour dynamiser l’économie locale. Le gouvernement a demandé de répliquer ce projet à d’autres endroits. En cofinancement avec les communes et l’Etat, la phase 2 rénove 4 autres infrastructures, intégrant la gestion des déchets. Les revenus contribueront à entretenir les marchés, les taxes générées seront réinvesties pour des services publics améliorant les conditions de vie.


Renforcement de l’élevage pastoral au Tchad (PREPAS)

01.07.2018 - 30.06.2021

L’élevage pastoral est une activité économique capitale dans la zone sahélo-saharienne dont les indices de pauvreté sont très élevés au Tchad. Ce mode de vie est cependant fragilisé par les aléas climatiques provoquant crises pastorales et transhumances précoces, sources de nombreux conflits. Afin de renforcer la résilience des éleveurs, la DDC finance un projet qui valorise les ressources pastorales, en favorisant leur accès à l’eau, créant des couloirs de transhumance et améliorant l’offre de services en santé.


Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) Phase 2

01.07.2018 - 31.12.2022

Land governance remains at the centre of development challenges in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV), and land expropriation is a key driver of new poverty and food insecurity. The governments in the region have begun to turn their attention to legal and policy issues on land governance. This creates an opportunity for MRLG and the Reform Actors it brings together, to contribute to improvements in policies and practices regarding land tenure security for family farmers.


Backstopping SDC Climate Change and Environment (CC&E) Network

01.07.2018 - 30.06.2022

A climate smart development cooperation requires continuous knowledge management and a sound thematic expertise. The next phase of the Backstopping Support Mandate (BSM) will help to capitalize on SDC’s key learnings, stimulate capacity building, foster mainstreaming and provide thematic support in the field of climate change and environment This will allow the SDC Climate Change and Environment Network and the Global Programme Climate Change (GPCCE) help improve the overall quality of SDC’s operational activities in this thematic field.


Climate Resilience of IFAD Programmes

01.07.2018 - 31.12.2022

The International Fund for Agricultural Development IFAD is a key partner for Switzerland in the efforts to lift smallholder farmers out of poverty. However, climate change is putting the success of the IFAD’s development programmes at risk. Switzerland supports the integration in all IFAD projects of measures that respond to potential climate threats into all IFAD projects. As a result, farmers become more resilient and Swiss investments through IFAD more sustainable.

Objeto 61 – 72 de 175