Explotaciones agrícolas familiares y pequeñas

Las pequeñas explotaciones agrícolas generan casi la mitad de la alimentación necesaria en todo el mundo. © DDC/Fritz R. Staehelin

Las explotaciones agrícolas familiares y pequeñas contribuyen considerablemente a suministrar alimentos a la creciente población mundial, mantienen y crean puestos de trabajo en las zonas rurales y pueden contrarrestar el éxodo rural. Necesitan el acceso a mercados estables, una infraestructura adecuada, así como el acceso a la formación y a servicios de información y financieros. La COSUDE ayuda a este tipo de explotaciones a adaptarse a los cambios y a intensificar su producción de forma sostenible.

La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO) califica de pequeños productores a quienes cuentan con un terreno no superior a las 10 hectáreas para vivir de la ganadería, los bosques o la pesca. En las pequeñas explotaciones agrícolas, la familia es el pilar fundamental, bien en la producción, bien en el mantenimiento de la explotación. La familia suele situarse en el centro, ya sea en la producción o en la gestión de la explotación. Además, la familia consume una parte de la producción. En comparación con las grandes explotaciones, la productividad del trabajo de las explotaciones agrícolas familiares y pequeñas es cerca de un tercio inferior. Sin embargo, o precisamente por ello, Suiza está convencida de que brindar apoyo a las explotaciones familiares y pequeñas puede contribuir a reducir el hambre y la pobreza en el mundo.

La COSUDE ayuda a las explotaciones familiares y pequeñas de los países en desarrollo principalmente a adaptarse a los continuos cambios (climáticos y de disponibilidad de medios y métodos de producción o bien de demanda del mercado) y a aumentar y mejorar su producción.

Enlaces

Documentos

Programa Global Securidad Alimentaria (GPFS) at work núm. 4: Smallholder/Family Farming (en)
[en] (PDF, Página 1, 49.1 kB, Inglés)

Investing in Smallholder Agriculture for Food Security – A Report by the High Level Panel of Experts
[en] (PDF, 2.6 MB, Inglés)

Factsheet: Les exploitations agricoles familiales et la sécurité alimentaire
[fr] (PDF, Páginas 2, 321.1 kB)

Better income for Georgian farmers
[en] (PDF, Páginas 4, 821.9 kB, Inglés)

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1081 – 1092 de 3364

Civil Society and Human Rights Organization (CSHRO) (previous Civil Society and Human Rights Network - CSHRN)

01.04.2016 - 15.07.2018

Despite significant achievements, Afghan men, women and children continue facing important human rights violations in their daily life. As an umbrella organization, the Civil Society Human Rights Organization (CSHRO) coordinates 160 human rights organizations working for human rights advocacy as well as for improved government`s accountability to the needs of the Afghan people.



Agriculture and Food Security Knowledge Network

01.04.2016 - 31.12.2020

The Agriculture and Food Security (A&FS) Network was launched in 2008 and is now well established. By mutually sharing relevant knowledge and expertise the network becomes a major content provider of knowledge to make SDC interventions more effective. The relevance of A&FS for SDC is high: more than 200 projects are currently implemented, with more than CHF 250 million of investment every year. These projects approximately reach 2 to 3 million beneficiaries. In the next five years the network aims at applying more shared expertise by network members, sharpening the thematic profile of the network and connecting all network members.


Joint Peace Fund (JPF)

01.04.2016 - 31.12.2020

The Joint Peace Fund (JPF) is a multi-donor fund for joint action in, on and around the peace process, bringing together conflict parties (GoM and armed groups), civil society organizations and international donors. The JPF is managed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and a Technical Secretariat from the Nordic International Support Foundation (NIS). As there is no peace without development and no development without peace, this fund is crucial for a concerted action of all stakeholders.


Rehabiltiation of public schools accomodating Syrian refugee children

01.04.2016 - 31.12.2020

Education is one of the public sectors particularly under pressure due to the influx of refugees. There are currently 143,000 school-aged Syrian refugees enrolled in public schools in Jordan, another approx. 83,000 remain out of school. Overstretched infrastructure and lack of space are major challenges. SDC will continue to support the Ministry of Education (MoE) in non-structural rehabilitation of schools accommodating Syrian refugees, including water and sanitation facilities, contributing to increase the accommodating capacities. The project will also include an awareness component addressing maintenance issues.


PRODEL – Programme to strengthen municipal capacities for local development

01.04.2016 - 31.03.2020

PRODEL is part of the Cuban decentralization reform process that seeks to build the capacities of local government representatives in local development management and assist them in formulating and implementing Municipal Development Strategies (EDMs) as a tool to maximize local resources and improve local services.




Inclusive and sustainable vegetable production and marketing (VEGI)

01.03.2016 - 30.06.2020

Built on the successful SDC support of the potato sector, the VEGI project intends to contribute to poverty alleviation through a growing vegetable sector in Mongolia. Supports for increased and diversified production, storage, processing, marketing, consumption and a conducive legal framework will contribute to improved livelihood of rural households and to a more diversified economy. In order to foster its poverty focus, the VEGI project promotes vegetable gardening and consumption by poor households in peri-urban areas as well.


Inclusive territorial economic development in the Muskitia region, department of Gracias a Dios

01.03.2016 - 30.05.2021

The economic development programme is carried out in the Honduran Muskitia, a fragile indigenous territory with great productive potential. The program empowers the territorial stakeholders in the cocoa and fishing value chains and the basic grains production chain located in the mid and lower watershed of the Patuca river. It promotes public-private alliances that respect indigenous rights in accordance to the convention 169 of the international labor organization. These public-private alliances generate 3000 new jobs and increase the income of 1500 indigenous families by 10-30%.


Vocational Skills Development (VSD II)

01.03.2016 - 28.02.2019

The second phase of the project focuses on consolidating the results achieved thus far in the development of the short-term skills development and career guidance services. Moreover it will upgrade the schools’ capacities in provision of long-term vocational trainings in the selected most demanded occupations. Interventions in six Western aimags, Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, South-Gobi and Choir will enhance the employability of around 180’000 young and adult women and men.  


OVCI La Nostra Famiglia - Food Aid Swiss Dairy Products (Sudan)

01.03.2016 - 31.07.2017

Through the usage of food aid in the form of Swiss dairy products, Swiss Humanitarian Aid contributes to the prevention and treatment of malnutrition, undernourishment, and disease. The SDC’s Humanitarian Aid administers the credit granted by parliament for a yearly amount of some CHF 20 million destined for the purchase of Swiss dairy products and their use for the benefit of the needy. Its task is to ensure a sustainable, targeted, and closely monitored food aid.

Objeto 1081 – 1092 de 3364