Acceso a los recursos naturales, la formación y los ingresos

Mujeres y hombres en Burkina Faso alrededor de una mesa con una máquina.
En la formación, las mujeres deben tener las mismas oportunidades y derechos que los hombres. © COSUDE

Las mujeres desempeñan un papel esencial en la seguridad alimentaria y la reducción de la pobreza, tanto en zonas rurales como urbanas. La COSUDE promueve el acceso de las mujeres a los recursos naturales, la formación profesional, los mercados y los servicios.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

La COSUDE pretende consolidar el papel de las mujeres en la seguridad alimentaria. Sus prioridades son las siguientes:

  • Establecer la igualdad de derechos en el acceso a los recursos, prestando especial atención a la gobernanza de la tierra.
  • Promover el empoderamiento económico de las mujeres mejorando las cadenas de valor, y velando por su acceso a la formación profesional, los mercados y los servicios.
  • Integrar en las economías rurales sistemas de seguridad social sensibles a la dimensión de género.

Contexto

Las mujeres desempeñan un papel fundamental en la seguridad alimentaria y la reducción de la pobreza, ya que tienen una importante presencia en la producción agrícola y en la economía rural. Sin embargo, en muchos países la discriminación social y jurídica dificultan su acceso tanto a la propiedad de la tierra como a su explotación, así como a los medios de producción, la formación profesional y los servicios financieros.

En las economías rurales, la mayoría de las mujeres trabaja en explotaciones agrícolas familiares y en el sector informal, donde asumen un gran volumen de trabajo por unos ingresos muy bajos y con una escasa productividad. Las mujeres suelen trabajar bajo condiciones precarias en sectores de bajos salarios, como la industria textil. Por lo que su potencial para contribuir a la seguridad alimentaria, la económica y al desarrollo está infrautilizado.

Varios análisis muestran que la discriminación estructural de las mujeres en el desarrollo económico se debe principalmente a dos factores:

1. Discriminación múltiple por razones de pertenencia religiosa, social o étnica.

2. Carga por el trabajo doméstico y de cuidados no remunerados, definido por normas sociales y roles de género inamovibles, por lo que, a menudo, es desempeñado por mujeres.

Estos factores limitan las posibilidades de las mujeres de completar una formación o incorporarse a un trabajo productivo y remunerado. También dificultan su acceso a los sistemas de seguridad social, casi siempre ligados a un empleo formal y a unos ingresos.

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 25 – 36 de 48

Grassroots women building resilience and peace in Central America.

01.10.2019 - 31.12.2022

The project enables two thousand grassroots women and their families to implement effective climate adaptation practices and strengthen their voice and leadership to influence related public plans and policies. The exchange of good local practices will be fostered among women in the region, thus increasing their resilience to climate change and variability.


UN-Gender Rwanda

01.10.2019 - 30.09.2023

In line with SDC’s engagement on fighting sexual and gender-based violence and women’s empowerment in the Great Lakes region, the UN-Gender Program will contribute to the efforts of the Government of Rwanda and the UN Agencies in Rwanda to transform commitments to gender equality and women’s empowerment into concrete actions, in particular through awareness raising and capacity building for women and strengthening service providers.


IGAD Land Governance Programme

01.09.2019 - 31.08.2023

Land is a source for livelihoods and a valuable economic asset in the IGAD region. Drawing on experiences from other land related partnerships at national, regional and global levels, Switzerland supports the Intergovernmental Authority on Development IGAD to translate continental and global land governance frameworks and guidelines into practice in order to improve access to land and tenure security for all, especially for vulnerable groups like pastoralists, women and youth.


Improvement of the local self-governance system Armenia

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2023

Switzerland continues to support the national reform on territorial consolidation and decentralization which has been strongly confirmed by the new Government. On one hand, necessary framework conditions will be developed to finalize the amalgamation process. On the other hand, the municipalities will be capacitated to provide efficient and quality administrative services to their citizens and to incentivize local development. Citizen participation will be emphasized to render local authorities more accountable and local development more inclusive.


Donor Committee for Enterprise Development (DCED)

01.06.2019 - 31.12.2023

DCED as the independent and respected point of reference for standards, knowledge and data on the role of the private sector in development, contributes to improving donor’s programs in this domain. It also advocates globally the importance of the topic in the development sector. SDC supports the DCED in its various activities since the early 80ies and co-chairs the working group on Market System Development and Private Sector Engagement


Women Deliver Conference and Advocacy

15.11.2018 - 01.07.2022

Women Deliver advocates for gender equality as well as sexual and reproductive health and rights, including through the Women Deliver Conference. Investment cases and concrete solutions developed by Women Deliver and partners are used by a diversity of global actors such as the UN, governments including Switzerland, civil society and private sector. Their evidence-based advocacy contributes to the global movement for gender equality.


Reducing the Prevalence and Impact of Violence in Western Equatoria

01.11.2018 - 28.02.2021

Nonviolent Peaceforce’s (NP) intervention in Mundri County, Western Equatoria State is aimed at reducing the prevalence and impact of violence. Key activities will include conducting patrols in risky areas, protective accompaniments, advocacy, conducting trainings workshops, awareness raising activities etc. Through this intervention, Switzerland contributes to creating sustainable grassroots-led peaceful solutions to conflict, promotion of Human Rights, SGBV prevention and response among conflict affected communities.


CDNH: Conflict prevention Rakhine

01.11.2018 - 31.08.2021

After the events in Rakhine in August 2017, violence and communal tensions are still prevailing and mistrust has increased among and between communities, state and village officials and security authorities. The need to gather the stakeholders around conflict prevention, livelihood skills enhancement, conflict analysis and gender and civic education is repeatedly expressed by all. This project helps to improve the relationship between the main key actors in and around Rakhine to lower the potential of further tensions, abuses and install trust-building mechanisms.


Towards Transparent, Inclusive and Accountable Governance in the Republic of Macedonia

15.07.2018 - 30.06.2022

The project aims at increasing gender equality in Macedonia and the quality of life for women and vulnerable groups by 1) systematically integrating a gender perspective in public policies and budgets which leads to the allocation of more funds for greater gender equality in strategies and policies; 2) empowering women and vulnerable groups to advocate for their needs in municipal planning and budgeting; and 3) supporting CSOs and Members of Parliament in overseeing the implementation of gender responsive policies and initiatives.



Support to the Juvenile Justice Reform

01.05.2018 - 31.05.2022

Since 2010, the child justice system in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has undertaken a process of reform to which UNICEF, SDC and Sida have greatly contributed. Today the legal framework on juvenile justice is compliant with international standards, but the system for its implementation still needs to be strenghtened. This last project phase will focus on building the human capacity of justice and child protection professionals, and ensuring that adequate financial means are provided by the Government to implement this framework throughout the country. Awareness of children and their families about their rights and demanding access to justice will also be a priority.


Capacity building for Serbian municipalities

01.01.2018 - 30.06.2022

Switzerland is supporting the Serbian government’s public administration reform, which aims to make it more effective and accessible to both citizens and the private sector. SwissPRO project is being run in 99 municipalities (two-thirds of Serbia) to improve good governance, social inclusion and gender equality.

Región/País Tema Período Presupuesto
Serbia
Governance
Derechos humanos
Género

Descentralización
Derechos humanos (incluidos los derechos de las mujeres)
Organizaciones para la igualdad de la mujer

01.01.2018 - 30.06.2022


CHF  7’990’000


Objeto 25 – 36 de 48