La salud: un derecho humano y una condición para el desarrollo

La salud es un derecho humano fuera del alcance para más de mil millones de personas. Las desigualdades existentes actualmente en el sector de la salud obstaculizan el desarrollo social, económico y sostenible. Por ello, la COSUDE se esfuerza por mejorar la situación sanitaria de las poblaciones en los países de ingresos medios y bajos. A tal efecto, en la medida de lo posible, se sirve de los conocimientos especializados de Suiza para establecer y desarrollar unos servicios sanitarios de buena calidad y que funcionen de manera eficaz.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

Suiza considera que la prestación de servicios básicos de salud constituye una condición esencial para el desarrollo social y económico. Asimismo, estima que las desigualdades que existen en materia de salud constituyen violaciones inaceptables de los derechos humanos fundamentales. Por ello, la acción de la COSUDE para mejorar la salud se concentra en las necesidades de las poblaciones más pobres.

Mejorar la salud de los más pobres está en relación directa con la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible, en vigor en todo el mundo. Mediante el objetivo 3 de esta Agenda, la comunidad internacional, incluida Suiza, se comprometió a garantizar una vida saludable y promover el bienestar universal. En este sentido, la salud desempeña un papel esencial. Para reducir las desigualdades sociales y promover un desarrollo sostenible, el acceso a un sistema sanitario integral y funcional es imprescindible. Por este motivo, en su enfoque del tema de la salud, la COSUDE hace hincapié en la buena gobernanza, el fortalecimiento del papel y la responsabilización de las comunidades y los usuarios de los servicios sanitarios, y el desarrollo de estructuras eficaces, centrándose en:

  • Reforzar los sistemas de salud para que todas las personas tengan acceso a los servicios sanitarios.
  • Controlar las enfermedades transmisibles y no transmisibles.
  • Mejorar la salud sexual y reproductiva, así como la salud materno-infantil.
  • Incluir la lucha contra el VIH y el sida en la cooperación internacional, en ámbitos distintos a la salud.

Contexto

La salud y los servicios de salud son tanto un asunto de los gobiernos como de las comunidades. El fortalecimiento de la buena gobernanza contribuye de manera significativa a gestionar los recursos existentes de manera eficaz y de conformidad con las necesidades sanitarias de la población.

Suiza dispone de muchos conocimientos especializados en el ámbito de la salud que ya hoy son relevantes para los países contrapartes a la hora de desarrollar y ampliar su asistencia sanitaria. Sobre esta base, la COSUDE, a través de sus alianzas estratégicas con ONG suizas, instituciones de investigación y el sector privado, facilita conocimientos, productos y servicios específicamente adecuados para sus países contrapartes. Asimismo, promueve soluciones innovadoras adaptadas a las condiciones locales y comportamientos sostenibles que conduzcan a mejoras sanitarias en dichos países.

Sin embargo, los grandes avances en ese ámbito no deben hacernos ignorar los desafíos pendientes. La pobreza absoluta está disminuyendo, pero la disparidad entre la salud de los ricos y de los pobres va en aumento. Para casi mil millones de personas, los más pobres entre los pobres, el acceso al agua potable y el saneamiento, a una alimentación sana y suficiente y a la asistencia sanitaria todavía no es una realidad.

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 13 – 24 de 60

Emergency Food and Nutrition Assistance DPRK 2019

18.03.2019 - 31.12.2019

The Emergency Food and Nutrition Assistance DPRK 2019 Project responds to an urgent request of the DPR Korea to extend food assistance to its citizens in 2019, following a poor harvest after a nation-wide heat wave and regional floods in 2018. The assistance will be provided through the World Food Programme (WFP) and targets 50,000 children in the three highly affected provinces of the country, South Hwanghae, Ryanggang and Jaggang for a period of 12 months.


OVCI - Improving nutritional condition of most vulnerable groups in Juba

01.03.2019 - 31.01.2021

Malnutrition among children and other vulnerable groups remains worse as a result of the prevailing food insecurity situation in South Sudan. According to the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for South Sudan, some 1.8 million people – the majority of which are children under five years - face malnutrition. Through this project, Volunteers Organization for International Co-operation (OVCI) intends to address malnutrition of vulnerable children, pregnant and lactating mothers and other destitute persons in Juba County by improving their dietary intake.


„EurAsia Heart – A Swiss Medical Foundation”: On-site medical teaching and training in Eurasian countries focused on cardiovascular diseases, par-ticularly in children.

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2020

EurAsia Heart is a Swiss Medical Foundation established in 2006. It consists of a group of medical doctors, led by Swiss cardiac surgeons and cardiologists. On a voluntary basis, experts of EurAsia Heart Foundation offer international cooperation to Eastern European, Asian and African countries in the fields of cardiology, cardiac and vascular surgery, anaesthesia, intensive care and prevention. The interventions strengthen national health systems and enable local teams to treat the entire spectrum of cardiovascular diseases – particularly among children.


Fondation Kantha Bopha – Dr med. Beat Richner

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

25 years of Dr Richner’s tireless efforts resulted in millions of children receiving free quality medical care at Kantha Bopha Hospitals. Despite his retirement early 2017, the five hospitals are operating smoothly with the management model he set up and the commitment of the Royal Government of Cambodia to maintain it. SDC’s financial support remains crucial until a sustainable Cambodian financing is found.


Primary Health Care (PHC)

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

The Primary Health Care project uses a convergent approach to improve the health status of vulnerable people in four conflict-affected townships in Kayin State. It contributes to peace, and brings together the Ministry of Health and Sports and Ethnic Health Organizations. Basic health services are strengthened through better coordination, training, supervision and supplies. Communities are empowered to achieve better health and feedback mechanisms are introduced. 


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2019

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


Programme contribution to Brot für alle / Bread for all 2019-2020

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2020

Bread for all (Bfa), the development organization of the protestant churches of Switzerland, has aligned its mandate with the Agenda 2030. Through a network of ten faith-based organizations active in partner countries, Bfa supports disadvantaged people to access Food Security, Education and Health. It also strengthens communities in peacebuilding and conflict transformation, while furthering the social responsibility of Swiss stakeholders.


Access to Health Fund (ACCESS)

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2023

The Access to Health Fund (previously 3MDG), is strongly committed to deliver health services in conflict-affected areas to populations beyond the reach of government. By supporting State and Ethnic Health Organizations, the fund contributes to trust, fosters coordination, and mitigates causes of conflict. The Swiss contribution represents a continuation of support to Myanmar's health actors towards achieving universal health coverage.


Innovations for efficient quality health systems

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2026

Despite enormous progress in access to healthcare in low and middle-income countries, nearly 9 million people still die every year in these countries because of poor quality of care. SDC supports the establishment of a global design lab for the development of innovative tools to enhance quality measurements that form the base for cost-effective investments into quality improvements. The lab will benefit from Swiss research knowhow.


Strengthen accountability for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2020

The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH) ensures that efforts of the many stakeholders involved in maternal, newborn, child health as well as sexual and reproductive health and rights, are well coordinated at global and national level. SDC supports PMNCH’s accountability work so as to contribute to more effective and efficient use of resources in this priority public health area, including of the funding provided by Switzerland.


Air Pollution Impact on Health

01.10.2018 - 31.12.2022

This project aims at reducing the risks of air pollution to maternal and child health in urban Mongolia targeting the most polluted areas of Ulaanbaatar and one province centre. This sector governance project establishes evidence linking air pollution and its health impact, pilots and improves risk reduction measures for children and pregnant women, and both will inform policy making. Swiss know-how will be applied, i.e. through involvement of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute.


Support to the reform of mental health services in Moldova

01.08.2018 - 31.07.2022

In 2013 Switzerland started supporting Republic of Moldova in a systemic reform of the mental health (MH), aimed at bringing MH services closer to users by providing treatment in a community setting. The project second phase will contribute to further increase the access to and utilization of quality community-based mental health services and health education programs by the means of a nationwide scaling-up.

Objeto 13 – 24 de 60