Policy Reform on Local Governance (PROLOG II)


Decentralisation as a strategy for pro-poor political transformation places Local Governments on the driving seat for improved local public services. PROLOG II provides technical assistance to the Government of Bangladesh in the decentralization reform. It also involves citizens -including women and disadvantaged groups- in overseeing their municipalities for increased accountability. Ultimately citizens will gain from local public services responding to their needs.

Pays/région Thème Période Budget
Bangladesh
État de droit - démocratie - droits de l’homme
Décentralisation - gouvernance locale - démocratisation (y compris redevabilité)
17.10.2016 - 16.10.2020
CHF 4'600'000
Contexte

In Bangladesh all local public administration institutions except the division and the district are run by an elected local council. These Local Governments lack sufficient resources, skills and clear functional assignments to plan and provide services in a satisfactory way. Reform steps such as increased financial transfers are taken by Government with the support of development partners and remain to be institutionalised into harmonized Local Governance systems and policies. Despite efforts, the participation and oversight of the civil society are not a regular practice.

Objectifs

The Government of Bangladesh (GoB) improves local public service delivery through decentralization reforms.

Groupes cibles
  • Citizen of rural and urban municipalities.
  • Policy makers in the Government of Bangladesh  (Local Governance Division, Finance Division, Planning Commission).
  • The Bangladesh Urban Forum and other civil society organisations engaged in governance and service delivery.
Effets à moyen terme
  1. The GoB has strengthened the legal, policy and institutional framework for coordinated functional and fiscal decentralization and recognised further decentralization reform needs, especially for urban areas.
  2. Local Government Institutions (LGIs),  especially municipalities, have improved their capacity in strategic planning and financing while central government enhanced its LGI monitoring system.
  3. Citizens (including women and disadvantaged people) in all Union Parishads and 20 municipalities benefit from increased LGIs accountability and transparency.
Résultats

Principaux résultats attendus:  

  1. Knowledge products on decentralization are produced and shared with GoB and stakeholders.
  2. Pilot urban LGIs prepared inclusive City Development Strategies.
  3. Selected LGIs demonstrate effective implementation of the Right-to-Information Act.
  4. Civil society and communities (including women and disadvantaged) conduct Third Party Monitoring in LGIs benefitting from the Municipal Governance and Services Project (MGSP) and the Local Governance Support Project (LGSP) II.


Principaux résultats antérieurs:  

  1. PROLOG I influenced the preparation of the Local Governance laws of 2009 and 2011 (shaping the local governance system).
  2. The GoB increased the fiscal transfer volume to UPs by 30% and introduced a performance based grants system.
  3. All 4500 Union Parishads started using an operational manual prepared by PROLOG I which helps them being more compliant with the laws (coherent set of UP procedural guidelines and related core training programme).

Challenges experienced by SDC were i) insufficiencies in the steering mechanism that hampered adequate monitoring and guidance by SDC and ii) lack of a strategy to disseminate the learning generated for broader government ownership.


Direction/office fédéral responsable DDC
Crédit Coopération au développement
Partenaire de projet Partenaire contractuel
Institution financière internationale (IFI)
  • Banque Mondiale - Banque internationale pour la reconstruction et le développement


Coordination avec d'autres projets et acteurs
  • Government- led LGSP II, MGSP;
  • SDC Governance portfolio i.e. Sharique, Horizontal Learning Program, Urban Governance projects; Local Governance Initiative and Network.
Budget Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF   4'600'000 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF   2'766'147
Phases du projet Phase 1 17.10.2016 - 16.10.2020   (Phase en cours)