Nord Africa (Egitto, Tunisia, Marocco, Libia e Algeria)

I rivolgimenti politici del 2011 hanno messo in moto un lungo e incerto processo di transizione in Nord Africa. L’impegno della Svizzera mira a sostenere questi Paesi nella transizione politica, economica e sociale. I progetti sono incentrati su democrazia e diritti umani, sviluppo economico e occupazione inclusivi e sostenibili, questioni in materia di migrazione e protezione.

© DFAE

La regione del Nord Africa comprende un gruppo di Paesi con profili molto diversi che per la loro importanza nella politica mondiale e per la loro vicinanza all’Europa rappresentano partner importanti della Svizzera. Tutti questi Paesi devono far fronte alle stesse sfide: elevata disoccupazione, soprattutto giovanile e femminile, corruzione dilagante, disparità regionali ed esclusione politica, economica e sociale, aggravate da un contesto di sicurezza fragile, un’economia stagnante e grandi difficoltà in ambito migratorio.

Transizione democratica e diritti umani

La Svizzera contribuisce a promuovere lo Stato di diritto, i diritti umani, il dialogo politico e la società civile. In Tunisia ha sostenuto le elezioni del 2011 e del 2014 e messo a disposizione esperti di diritto costituzionale. La Svizzera aiuta inoltre la Tunisia e l’Egitto a superare il loro passato e appoggia gli enti pubblici nei loro sforzi volti a garantire una maggiore trasparenza.

Riforme economiche e dello Stato

Impegno in contesti fragili e prevenzione di conflitti armati

Sviluppo economico e mercato del lavoro inclusivi e sostenibili

La Svizzera contribuisce a migliorare le prospettive economiche con progetti pragmatici e innovativi che mirano a rafforzare la competitività internazionale e a rinvigorire le condizione quadro economiche. Al riguardo condivide la sua esperienza nel campo della formazione professionale, sostiene giovani imprenditori e imprenditrici e crea posti di lavoro. Un altro tema prioritario è la gestione sostenibile delle risorse naturali.

Istruzione di base e formazione professionale

Sviluppo del settore privato e servizi finanziari

Migrazione e protezione

La storia del Nord Africa è caratterizzata da numerosi movimenti migratori sia all’interno dei Paesi e della regione sia come via di transito per le persone che, spinte da motivi economici o in fuga da conflitti, lasciano la loro terra alla volta dell’Europa. Molti sono vittime di violenza, razzismo e sfruttamento, in particolare donne e bambini che sono i più esposti ai rischi. La Svizzera collabora con le autorità locali, la diaspora e le organizzazioni internazionali e bilaterali, protegge e sostiene i migranti a rischio, i profughi e le vittime della tratta di esseri umani difendendone i diritti.

Migrazione

Storia della cooperazione

Dal 2011 l’impegno svizzero nel Nord Africa coinvolge vari dipartimenti ed è portato avanti attivamente dalla Direzione dello sviluppo e della cooperazione (DSC), dalla Direzione politica del DFAE, dalla Divisione Sicurezza umana (DSU), dalla Segreteria di Stato dell’economia (SECO) e dalla Segreteria di Stato della migrazione (SEM). La Svizzera concentra il suo impegno su tre priorità tematiche: transizione democratica e diritti umani, sviluppo economico e occupazione inclusivi e sostenibili, migrazione e protezione. In Egitto e in Tunisia la Svizzera è attiva in tutti e tre i settori. In Marocco è presente con un programma minore e in Libia e in Algeria fornisce aiuto umanitario. In Libia si impegna anche per la promozione della pace.

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Documenti

Progetti Egitto

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StARS Organizational Development and Legal Support Initiative

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2019

St.Andrew’s Refugee Services (StARS) provides educational, legal, psychosocial services to a total of 19,000 refugees and migrants. With the shrinking number of refugee service providers and the increasing numbers of transit refugees and migrants, StARS expanded its services in 2015, to cover legal support and meet the growing gap of needs. This project aims to improve protection services for the most vulnerable refugees and migrants by developing StARS’ organizational capacity and strengthen internal mechanisms.



Hayenna: Integrated Urban Development Project in Egypt

30.06.2017 - 30.06.2022

This project should enhance the organizational capacity of local government units to better manage their land and linked local revenues. Furthermore, the project activities shall also support ongoing efforts aimed at improving the related legal and institutional frameworks at the national level. This project will be implemented by UN-Habitat.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


World Bank Capital Markets Strenghtening Facility

01.03.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Capital Markets Strengthening Facility is an innovative cross-cutting initiative with the overall objective to develop stable and resilient capital markets and to facilitate long-term local currency financing for sectors critical for economic growth and poverty reduction. SECO’s funds are earmarked to its priority countries in the 'South'.


Improving Healthcare Hazardous Waste Management in Dakhaleya Governorate, Egypt

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Healthcare Hazardous Waste Management Project will realize one important aspect of the Egyptian National Strategy for Hazardous Medical Waste Management: the establishment of centralized incineration facilities including the required capacity building and training. The experience made with the project shall be fed back into the future discussion to revise and upgrade the strategy and into a policy dialog to improve health care waste management in Egypt.


National Solid Waste Management Program for Egypt

01.03.2014 - 31.12.2021

The National Solid Waste Management Program aims at supporting the establishment and implementation of effective policy, legislation and institutional arrangements for municipal solid waste management in Egypt, coupled with the implementation of related infrastructure.


Sanad Fund

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2028

The Sanad Fund is an investment vehicle, that provides debt and equity financing to banks and microfinance institutions. The ultimate beneficiaries are micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The Middle East and North African region is the main target region of the Sanad Fund.


Improved Water and Wastewater Services Program - Phase II

01.07.2013 - 31.12.2023

The Improved Water and Wastewater Services Program - Phase II (IWSP II) plans to increase the coverage of water supply systems and wastewater treatment infrastructure in four Governorates of Upper Egypt (Qena, Assiout, Minya, Sohag).

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Progetti Libia

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ACTED: Strengthening humanitarian coordination and access to safe and dignified protection in Libya

01.02.2019 - 31.01.2020

Through the current intervention, ACTED will adopt a twofold approach aiming to contribute to strengthen the response to protection cases in Libya through enhanced coordination and provision of cash assistance. On the one hand, ACTED will strengthen response capacities through the distribution of one-off cash grants based on ongoing protection monitoring activities. On the other hand, the project will support the voices of INGOs in the humanitarian coordination structure, by developing the activities of the INGO Forum.


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2019

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence.


North Africa Cultural Programme (NACP), Phase 1

15.12.2018 - 14.03.2022

By developing a Regional Cultural Programme, Switzerland seeks to facilitate intercultural dialogue and exchange as a foundation for peace and conflict sensitive development in North Africa and to foster artistic expression as a driver of change in support to the challenges of transition. This will promote peaceful coexistence, political stability and social cohesion in North Africa, hence providing a contribution to the prevention of violent extremism and alternatives for the fulfillment of North African youth in their own societies.


North Africa Cultural Programme

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2025

Le programme fournit un cadre pour un appui à la Culture comme vecteur d’échanges et de dialogue entre les personnes et les sociétés civiles en Afrique du Nord. Il contribue aux processus de transition politique, à la création d’opportunités de développement économique et à une vision positive de la migration. Il renforce la capacité des peuples d’Afrique du Nord à mettre en valeur leur patrimoine et aux jeunes de la région à exprimer pacifiquement leurs aspiration et leur inventivité.


Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.


Programme Development North Africa

01.07.2015 - 30.06.2020

Originally conceived to support the development of activities under the Swiss North Africa Programme launched from scratch in 2011, the 5th phase with a much reduced budget allows deepening relevant thematic and context knowledge, developing and formulating future strategic priorities and setting-up adapted or new projects for SDC in a fragile and complex environment. For 2015-16 the focus is on preparatory work for the Swiss North Africa programme 2017-20.

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Progetti Marocco

Oggetto 1 – 12 di 17

Water Security Middle East (Blue Peace)

01.02.2019 - 31.12.2021

In the Middle East, the dire situation of water resources demands stronger regional cooperation than ever before. The Blue Peace Middle East Initiative is the only regional platform engaging six countries around water issues. Together with its partners from academia, international organisations, civil society and the private sector, Switzerland is able to promote policy and concrete solutions for serving the most vulnerable populations leading to sustainable development and peace building. Stability in the region is in the interest of Switzerland.


North Africa Cultural Programme (NACP), Phase 1

15.12.2018 - 14.03.2022

By developing a Regional Cultural Programme, Switzerland seeks to facilitate intercultural dialogue and exchange as a foundation for peace and conflict sensitive development in North Africa and to foster artistic expression as a driver of change in support to the challenges of transition. This will promote peaceful coexistence, political stability and social cohesion in North Africa, hence providing a contribution to the prevention of violent extremism and alternatives for the fulfillment of North African youth in their own societies.


Regional Development and Protection Program (RDPP)

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2021

The conflict in Syria has forced hundreds of thousands of Syrians to seek refuge in neighboring countries, confronting the concerned governments, host communities, and the refugees themselves with tremendous challenges. Switzerland, first by the Secretariat for Migration and now by SDC, supports Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq to address these challenges and mitigate the impact of forced displacement on host communities through a combination of protection with livelihood approaches. SDC is well positioned to further the labor market integration of refugees and other vulnerable migrants due to its long-standing experience on labor migration issues in the region.


Facility for Refugees, Migrants, Forced Displacement and Rural Stability (IFAD)

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland is committed at the highest political level to help countries in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region coping with the refugee crisis. By co-financing two projects funded by IFAD (the International Fund for Agricultural Development) in Jordan and Lebanon, SDC will contribute to create sustainable livelihoods for thousands of Syrian refugees, and will also support host communities to increase their income and food security by improving the quality of their small ruminants and cattle, as well as their value in the market.
 


ASAP-M : Appui Suisse aux Associations Professionnelles au Maroc

01.12.2017 - 30.11.2019

Le projet ASAP-M phase 2 accompagne cinq Associations Professionnelles au Maroc, pour l’amélioration de leurs prestations envers les membres afin d’augmenter la performance des Micro, Petites et Moyennes Entreprises en termes de compétitivité, revenu et emploi. L’intervention se concentre  sur les deux régions les plus pauvres au Maroc - Beni Mellal Khénifra et Drâa Tafilalet - dans le but d’accompagner la mise en œuvre de la régionalisation avancée.


MEDAC: Strengthening Mediterranean Diplomacy

01.10.2017 - 30.09.2019

The Mediterranean region is marked by democratic deficits, environmental and demographic challenges, multiple conflicts and difficult political transformation processes. Switzerland’s longstanding support to the Mediterranean Academy for Diplomatic Studies (MEDAC) in Malta aims to strengthen Mediterranean diplomacy in areas such as human rights, good governance, migration issues, and to build trust among young aspiring diplomats from various countries of the region.


Facility for Refugees, Migrants, Forced Displacement and Rural Stability (FARMS), SIGHT and HALEPP

01.08.2017 - 31.12.2024

With this contribution to the Facility for Refugees, Migrants, Forced Displacement and Rural Stability (FARMS) established by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in 2016, Switzerland will contribute to sustainable livelihoods for approximately 5000 Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon. The two co-funded projects will also support host communities, in particular poor smallholders breeding small ruminants (Jordan) and smallholders in the dairy sector (Lebanon) to increase their income and food security.


North Africa Cultural Programme

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2025

Le programme fournit un cadre pour un appui à la Culture comme vecteur d’échanges et de dialogue entre les personnes et les sociétés civiles en Afrique du Nord. Il contribue aux processus de transition politique, à la création d’opportunités de développement économique et à une vision positive de la migration. Il renforce la capacité des peuples d’Afrique du Nord à mettre en valeur leur patrimoine et aux jeunes de la région à exprimer pacifiquement leurs aspiration et leur inventivité.


Projet Oriental Protection Migrants Maroc

01.01.2017 - 31.03.2018

Morocco is a country of transit and destination for migrants and refugees, 20’000 of which live on the margins of society, despite the 2014 adopted first ever migration strategy, promising the respect of human rights and access to public services. The “Projet Oriental” facilitates access to health care and provides humanitarian support to 5’600 vulnerable migrants per year and coaches public and civil society service providers to care for the specific needs of the migrants.


Water Security in the Middle East (Blue Peace)

01.04.2016 - 31.05.2020

In the Middle East, the increasingly precarious situation of water resources demands stronger regional cooperation than ever before. Set against this background, the Blue Peace approach aims at contributing to peace building through combined political and technical dialogues, which are substantiated in concrete regional projects and direct impact activities on the ground. Together with the Strategic Foresight Group (SFG) and local partners from academia, international organisations, civil society and private sector, SDC is able to promote policy and concrete solutions for sustainable development serving those threatened by water scarcity and conflict.


Swiss Capacitiy-Building Facility (SCBF): North Africa Contribution

10.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Formal financial inclusion is critical for pro-poor economic growth and remains low in North Africa. The intervention aims to increase well-being and livelihood of low-income people and smallholder farmers, through financial inclusion. The SCBF focuses on tailor-made technical assistance to partner financial institutions to up-scale sustainable and client-oriented financial services offered responsibly. The contribution leverages the expertise of the SCBF for financial inclusion in North Africa and seeks synergies with other North Africa projects.


Gestion intégrée des bassins versants au Moyen Atlas

20.11.2015 - 30.09.2019

L’érosion des sols au Maroc, sévère dans les montagnes de l’Atlas, est à la fois cause et indicateur des défis auxquels font face les populations vulnérables de la région: désastres naturels et précarité. L’intervention propose une approche innovante de gestion intégrée des bassins versants qui augmentera durablement la résilience des populations locales, tout en améliorant leurs conditions de vie. L’engagement fort du Maroc pour sa réplication future à l’échelle nationale permet un effet multiplicateur considérable.

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Progetti Tunisia

Oggetto 13 – 18 di 18

Support of the energy transition plan for municipalities

01.07.2017 - 31.08.2020

The program 'Alliance of Municipalities for Energy Transition' (ACTE) aims to support municipalities in the energy transition by providing them with original technical and financial solutions adapted to the local context. SECO will support the implementation of the ACTE program while introducing the ACTE/MENA Energy Award label (ACTE/MEA).


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


Tunisia Public Financial Managment and Local Governments (Phase II)

01.11.2016 - 31.12.2020

This Program aims to strengthen Tunisia’s public financial management (PFM) for improved efficiency and transparency at national and subnational levels. It includes in particular a series of activities aimed at strengthening the capacity of the most disadvantaged municipalities.


Water sanitation in 10 medium-sized cities

01.04.2015 - 31.12.2020

This program includes the construction and expansion of existing sewerage systems and the construction of waste water treatment plants (WWTP) in medium-sized cities in Tunisia. It is planned to dedicate the Swiss financing for the construction of the WWTP in Tajérouine, for complementary measures and for the implementation consultant.


World Bank Capital Markets Strenghtening Facility

01.03.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Capital Markets Strengthening Facility is an innovative cross-cutting initiative with the overall objective to develop stable and resilient capital markets and to facilitate long-term local currency financing for sectors critical for economic growth and poverty reduction. SECO’s funds are earmarked to its priority countries in the 'South'.


Sanad Fund

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2028

The Sanad Fund is an investment vehicle, that provides debt and equity financing to banks and microfinance institutions. The ultimate beneficiaries are micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The Middle East and North African region is the main target region of the Sanad Fund.

Oggetto 13 – 18 di 18