L’acqua: una risorsa vitale minacciata

La pressione sulle risorse idriche sta aumentando a livello mondiale: il fabbisogno aumenta in modo vertiginoso, ma la disponibilità è limitata. Tutelare questa risorsa vitale e assicurarne una ripartizione equa e favorevole allo sviluppo rappresenta una delle sfide del nostro secolo. In quanto castello idrico d’Europa, la Svizzera dispone di competenze riconosciute nella gestione sostenibile dell’acqua e gode quindi di grande credibilità nella cooperazione internazionale.

La crescita demografica, l’urbanizzazione, i cambiamenti climatici, l’inquinamento, le nuove utilizzazioni del suolo e la crescita economica hanno un impatto diretto sulle risorse idriche. Nel 2025 due terzi degli esseri umani saranno confrontati con la siccità. Ripartire l’acqua nel pieno rispetto dell’uguaglianza sociale, dell’efficienza economica e della sostenibilità ambientale è un punto cruciale dello sviluppo. La DSC è attiva nel settore idrico da oltre 30 anni e il suo operato tocca molteplici aspetti: questioni sociali, ambiente, economia, governance, promozione dell’innovazione e della tecnologia, trasferimento delle conoscenze e dialogo politico nonché l’approccio «acqua e pace» (Blue Peace).

Gestione sostenibile

La DSC promuove un utilizzo efficiente dell’acqua nell’economia e una collaborazione pacifica tra Paesi nei bacini imbriferi transfrontalieri

Priorità internazionale

La DSC si impegna affinché l’obiettivo riguardante le risorse idriche dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile sia attuato rapidamente e venga dato maggior peso al tema della gestione sostenibile dell’acqua nel dibattito internazionale

Accesso all’acqua per tutti

La DSC realizza progetti concreti e partecipa al dibattito politico per attuare i diritti umani in materia di acqua e servizi igienico-sanitari

Blue Peace: l’acqua come strumento per la pace

La Svizzera reagisce al crescente fabbisogno idrico mondiale tramite la «Swiss Toolbox» per la Blue Peace, le linee d’azione sul tema dell’acqua e della sicurezza

Sito specializzato della DSC sul tema dell’acqua

Informazioni tecniche (notizie, documenti, strumenti, metodi) sullo scambio di conoscenze e sulla collaborazione con partner ed esperti.

www.sdc-water.ch

Progetti attuali

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Handicap International: Comprehensive action against Antipersonnel Mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) in three departments of Colombia.

01.08.2015 - 31.05.2017

The five decades running armed conflict in Colombia continues to cause humanitarian needs such as internal displacement, landmine contamination and the recruitment of minors by armed groups. Departments of Nariño, Cauca and Cordoba, by geography serve as strategic corridor to the Pacific and Caribe for the cultivation, production and trafficking of drugs, weapons and illegal mining among others, becoming scenario of social conflicts and armed confrontation. Rural communities in those departments are among the most affected by antipersonnel mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) which generate victims with poor access to physical and psychosocial services, as well as option for social, economic and educational inclusion.


Water Integrity: Contribution to the Water Integrity Network and to the Country Programmes

01.08.2015 - 30.06.2019

Lack of water integrity and high levels of corruption preclude quality governance of the water sector, the efficient achievement of safe water and adequate sanitation for all. Following a human-based approach, this programme aims to increase water integrity by supporting advocacy work at the global level, as well as country programmes which aim to increase transparency, accountability and participation at the national, regional and local levels.


Establishment of a Global Hydrometry Support Facility (GHSF) and Innovation Hub

15.07.2015 - 31.12.2019

Reliable hydro-meteorological observations and forecasts are critical to implement better water resources management practices and policies. The proposed project, implemented by the World Meteorologiccial Organization (WMO) and the iMoMo consortium will combine traditional with new and decentralized monitoring approaches based on crowd-sourcing with mobile phones, bringing decision-relevant information faster to the users.


Sustainable Natural Resources Management (NRM) for Enhanced Pastoralist Food Security in the Borana Zone, Ethiopia.

01.06.2015 - 31.12.2027

Natural resources, particularly water and pasture, are among the key determinants of pastoralist livelihoods’ sustainability. The proposed Project contributes to the outcomes of the SDC’s Food Security Domain as stipulated in the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Horn of Africa. It aims at improving pastoralist food security and adaptive capacities in the lowlands of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, through enhancing the sustainable management of natural resources.


Rethinking Sanitation Systems: Resource Recovery and Safe Reuse (RR&R)

01.05.2015 - 31.08.2019

Building on the research results of the first phase, this project will directly address the combined challenges of making resource recovery and reuse a viable business opportunity and implementing Resource Recovery and Safe Reuse (RR&R) businesses in Kampala and Lima. At the same time the project will reduce public health and environmental risks associated with reuse and pave the way for scaling up Sanitation Safety Planning (SSP) at the global level.


Skills Development in Uzbekistan

Apprendisti in un parco imparano a usare un teodolite

01.03.2015 - 29.02.2020

The fourth Phase of the Skills Development Project (SDP) in Uzbekistan contributes to the improvement and further development of the Vocational Education and Training (VET) system by introducing and strengthening the systemic approach to cooperation among stakeholders in the water sector within the cycle “Demand-Training-Job Placement”. The systemic approach to be followed in this Phase of SDP is going to serve as a blueprint for other sectors of the economy and be replicated accordingly.


Rehabilitation of Small Irrigation Schemes

16.12.2014 - 30.06.2019

The project aims at improving income, food and nutrition security of smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. This will be done through the rehabilitation of small-scale irrigation schemes[1] and linking them to viable markets. SDC will contribute to a programme developed and coordinated by FAO and the Government of Zimbabwe, and will focus its support to the Masvingo Province which lies in the dry and arid region of the country.

[1] For the purposes of this programme, small irrigation schemes are defined as communal schemes with irrigators having an average plot size of 0.5ha to 1.0 ha with a common water source and conveyance system and an area of 50 – 100 ha i.e. benefiting an average of 100 – 200 irrigators. 


Contribution to the Improvement of Water and Sanitation Services through Integrated Regional Planning in Moldova

10.06.2014 - 31.12.2019

Many localities in Moldova suffer from low level of water and sanitation public services. By joining the ongoing “Modernization of local public services“ program designed to reduce regional disparities in service delivery, SDC has the opportunity to up-scale its successful decentralized water and sanitation models through integrated regional platforms. SDC will support the water supply infrastructure in 3 villages in the south of Moldova and the capacity building of local and regional water supply service providers.


Strengthening Agricultural Water Efficiency and Productivity on the African and Global Level

01.04.2014 - 30.06.2019

Enhancing agricultural water efficiency and productivity is imperative to mitigate water scarcity and to in-crease food security and income of small-scale farmers in the developing world. Implemented through FAO and the Partnership for agricultural water for Africa, the project will establish evidence based policy, good practice and investment in sustainable agricultural water management in Burkina Faso, Uganda, and Morocco as well as globally by linking catalytic activities to policy processes (e.g.to the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Programme).


Strengthening the Institutional Framework in the Water and Sanitation Sector in Moldova

01.03.2014 - 31.08.2020

Poor governance is the key bottleneck in the Moldovan water sector, which jeopardizes long-term sustainability of past investments, and hinders new Investments to extend access to drinking water for all. With this project, SDC will improve the steering and management of the sector as well as the performance of key sector institutions, through working directly with the national institutions on sector capacity development, integrated water resource management, and a comprehensive water information system.


Small Irrigation Prorgamme (SIP)

01.02.2014 - 31.12.2019

Incidence of poverty in irrigated areas of Nepal is half that in rain-fed areas and access to irrigation water contributes thus to mitigate poverty. Since the marginal lands are better accessible through small irrigation schemes, reducing poverty of smallholder farmers through small irrigation systems[1] are more effective than medium-sized or large systems. SIP will not only help increase their agricultural productivity but will also enhance the capacity of national and local government so that they can respond to these needs.

[1] Small-scale irrigation, defined by the GoN's irrigation policy as command areas smaller than 25 ha in the hills and mountains and 200 ha in Terai.

 


Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in the Fergana Valley, Tajikistan

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) was engaged in the Fergana valley both in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan with the Regional Rural Water Supply and Sanitation project since 2007. Due to difficulties in implementing regional projects in Central Asia, SDC decided in 2012 to develop two separate country projects with a regional view. The overall objective of the project is to improve the rural population’s health and livelihood with sustainable safe drinking water and sanitation facilities as well as with the development of training for better household hygienic behavior.

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