L’acqua: una risorsa vitale minacciata

©DSC

La pressione sulle risorse idriche sta aumentando a livello mondiale: il fabbisogno aumenta in modo vertiginoso, ma la disponibilità è limitata. Tutelare questa risorsa vitale e assicurarne una ripartizione equa e favorevole allo sviluppo rappresenta una delle sfide del nostro secolo. In quanto castello idrico d’Europa, la Svizzera dispone di competenze riconosciute nella gestione sostenibile dell’acqua e gode quindi di grande credibilità nella cooperazione internazionale.

La crescita demografica, l’urbanizzazione, i cambiamenti climatici, l’inquinamento, le nuove utilizzazioni del suolo e la crescita economica hanno un impatto diretto sulle risorse idriche. Nel 2025 due terzi degli esseri umani saranno confrontati con la siccità. Ripartire l’acqua nel pieno rispetto dell’uguaglianza sociale, dell’efficienza economica e della sostenibilità ambientale è un punto cruciale dello sviluppo. La DSC è attiva nel settore idrico da oltre 30 anni e il suo operato tocca molteplici aspetti: questioni sociali, ambiente, economia, governance, promozione dell’innovazione e della tecnologia, trasferimento delle conoscenze e dialogo politico nonché l’approccio «acqua e pace» (Blue Peace).

Gestione sostenibile

La DSC promuove un utilizzo efficiente dell’acqua nell’economia e una collaborazione pacifica tra Paesi nei bacini imbriferi transfrontalieri

Priorità internazionale

La DSC si impegna affinché l’obiettivo riguardante le risorse idriche dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile sia attuato rapidamente e venga dato maggior peso al tema della gestione sostenibile dell’acqua nel dibattito internazionale

Accesso all’acqua per tutti

La DSC realizza progetti concreti e partecipa al dibattito politico per attuare i diritti umani in materia di acqua e servizi igienico-sanitari

Blue Peace: l’acqua come strumento per la pace

La Svizzera reagisce al crescente fabbisogno idrico mondiale tramite la «Swiss Toolbox» per la Blue Peace, le linee d’azione sul tema dell’acqua e della sicurezza

Acqua in crisi

La protezione delle risorse idriche rappresenta oggi una delle maggiori sfide: il fabbisogno aumenta, l’acqua disponibile no. La Svizzera si adopera per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua potabile e agli impianti igienico-sanitari e per favorire un’equa ripartizione delle risorse idriche.

Sito specializzato della DSC sul tema dell’acqua

Informazioni tecniche (notizie, documenti, strumenti, metodi) sullo scambio di conoscenze e sulla collaborazione con partner ed esperti.

www.sdc-water.ch

Progetti attuali

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Backstopping Mandate for Water

01.06.2018 - 30.11.2021

Water secure development cooperation requires continuous knowledge management and capacity strengthening through sound thematic expertise. The next phase of the Backstopping Mandate (BSM) for water will help to capitalize on SDC’s key learnings and successes, fuel capacity building, and foster mainstreaming and coherence. It will allow thematic water network (RésEAU) to be fit for purpose and to cope with new trends and challenges.


UNICEF - RRM

01.05.2018 - 28.02.2019

La DDC par son appui financier au mécanisme de réponse rapide (RRM) dirigé par UNICEF participe à un financement rapide qui aide la communauté humanitaire à répondre aux activités d'urgencepermettant d'améliorer les conditions de vie des personnes vulnérables aiguës affectées par un choc humanitaire et la préservation de leur sécurité et dignité. Le RRM maintien une capacité de veille humanitaire, d'évaluation et de réponse rapide aux besoins urgents identifiés en biens non alimentaires et en eau et assainissement. 


Programme de Renforcement de la Gestion Locale de l’Eau Potable et l’Assainissement - REGLEAU

01.04.2018 - 31.12.2029

Aujourd’hui, seuls 58% des Haïtiens ont accès à l’eau potable et moins de 30% d’entre eux bénéficient de services de base d’assainissement. En cause, le manque de gouvernance et de capacité d’autofinancement du secteur. La DCC entend renforcer les capacités de gestion des municipalités et de la Direction Nationale d’Eau Potable et d’Assainissement (DINEPA) grâce à une meilleure maîtrise d’ouvrage au niveau des Collectivités Territoriales.


Sustainable water management for food security and nutrition in agriculture and food systems

01.04.2018 - 31.03.2027

Agriculture accounts globally for 70% freshwater use. Inefficient water use, water pollution, climate change and increasing global water demand puts agriculture under pressure, as well for smallholders. SDC can build on successful experiences in this domain and will support projects in Africa in ecologically sustainable water management in smallholder agriculture and food systems, improve smallholders’ economic and social situation and increase the resilience of their livelihoods.


RUNRES: The rural-urban nexus: Establishing a nutrient loop to improve city region food systems.

01.04.2018 - 30.04.2023

Implemented by the Institute for sustainable Agroecosystems of ETHZ, RUNRES will seek to improve the resilience and sustainability of food systems in four different rural-urban regions across Africa. It will encourage nutrient & waste recycling by installing and redirecting the byproducts of innovative, ecological, hygienically safe sanitation solutions. The organic matter may then serve as an input for smallholder producers to generate a circular flow of nutrients in agriculture, reinvigorating thus regional food systems.


Rural Water Supply Network (Core contribution)

15.03.2018 - 31.12.2020

Universal access to safe, affordable water is at the core of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the realisation of human rights. Achieving this in rural areas presents some particular challenges linked to poverty, discrimination and poor infrastructure. The Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) is the only global network to offer powerful, effective mechanisms to share expertise and collaborate with local and global partners to trial and scale up innovation and to raise the quality and professionalism in rural water supplies.


Promoting Water Stewardship 2030

01.03.2018 - 31.12.2020

Water stewardship fosters responsible private engagement in water. This programme aims at shaping the collaboration with the private sector for the benefit of society and natural resources. This SDC contribution will promote and institutionalize multi-stakeholder water dialogue by supporting several public-private partnership initiatives. It will facilitate exchange of knowledge leading to changes in practices and behaviours across sectors and stakeholders.


Scaling up of the comprehensive model of water and sanitation for promotion of territorial peace to rural areas of 6 departments of the country (ASIR-SABA)

06.02.2018 - 30.04.2020

SDC will continue, on one hand, supporting the implementation of the institutional strengthening plans in Valle and Cauca in order to guarantee the closing of processes that initiated during the phase 1. On the other hand, the scaling-up of the technical assistance model proposed by SABA will start in la Guajira, Boyacá, Antioquia and Nariño. This project aims to contribute to peacebuilding in rural territories though improving the quality of life of the rural population, through differential schemes that allow sustainable management for the provision of water and sanitation (W & S).


Research for action: Water, Behaviour Change and Environmental Sanitation: Sustainable Solutions to Research, Knowledge and Professionalization (WABES)

01.02.2018 - 31.12.2021

To answer the global challenge of improving access to safe water and adequate sanitation, essential for poverty reduction, health, economic development and a life in dignity, it is necessary to work at two levels: developing and using appropriate technology and techniques, but also working on the institutional frameworks and human capacities. To this aim, SDC has decided to partner with a Swiss Research Institute, long-term collaborator well recognised internationally.


Rural Water Supply Network

01.02.2018 - 31.12.2030

Universal and equitable access to safe water is especially in rural areas still far from being accomplished and the rural water supply sector is highly fragmented. The Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) is the only global professional network for rural water supply professionals and researchers across 150 countries. It works to raise standards of knowledge and evidence, technical and professional competence, practice and policy in rural water supply to ultimately contribute to sustainable rural water services for all.


Young People as Agents of Change in the Water Sector

01.01.2018 - 30.04.2021

Young people and their innovative ideas play an important role in addressing some of the largest water challenges. SDC supports the Young Water Fellowship Programme that builds the capacities of young water entrepreneurs, provides technical as well as financial support to implement their ideas and engages with stakeholders and decision-makers to exchange knowledge and create an enabling environment for young people willing to be engaged in the water sector.


lntegrated Health and Habitat lmprovement in the Rasht Valley, Tajikistan

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

Through the project the population living in one of the poorest and fragile regions of Tajikistan (Rasht Valley) will gain access to basic social services (water and health). The interventions in the selected watersheds will empower the local communities enabling their active participation in decision-making and effective management of the resources. As a result, people in the project area will adopt healthier, more environmentally sustainable, and disaster-safer behaviours.

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