Diritto all’acqua e ai servizi igienico-sanitari per tutti

19.11.2015, Distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe, blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware».
L’accesso all’acqua e ai servizi igienico-sanitari sono diritti umani a pieno titolo. Scolari si lavano le mani davanti al blocco latrine della scuola elementare «Ruware» nel distretto di Chiredzi, Zimbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DSC

Oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano beneficiare di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile sicuro e di servizi igienico-sanitari adeguati. Riconosciuto dal 2010 come diritto umano a pieno titolo, l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è fondamentale per soddisfare i bisogni umani di base.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

L’acqua è un bene comune e l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari è un diritto umano. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti possano godere di un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile e mantenere un’igiene adeguata grazie alle strutture sanitarie e agli impianti di trattamento delle acque reflue. In materia di risorse idriche, la Svizzera dispone di un’esperienza di lunga data riconosciuta a livello mondiale e sostiene numerose attività ad esempio:

  • la ricerca applicata e le innovazioni;
  • un meccanismo di finanziamento a livello mondiale per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua e il trattamento delle acque di scarico;
  • lo sviluppo di nuovi approcci per quanto riguarda i servizi e nuove cooperazioni con il settore privato (quadro globale «Water Stewardship Standard»);
  • l’aumento dei programmi infrastrutturali: il buon funzionamento degli impianti viene garantito anche attraverso il potenziamento delle capacità e la formazione.

Nel dialogo politico tra i Governi, il settore privato e la società civile, la DSC apporta la propria esperienza pratica per favorire l’apprendimento reciproco e accelerare a livello mondiale l’applicazione di soluzioni efficaci e sostenibili.

Contesto

Secondo le stime dell’ONU, oggi circa 844 milioni di persone non hanno accesso all’acqua potabile, 2,3 miliardi non dispongono di impianti sanitari adeguati e 892 milioni devono espletare le proprie funzioni corporali all’aperto. Nei Paesi in via di sviluppo, l’80% delle malattie sono riconducibili esclusivamente a condizioni igienico-sanitarie carenti. Nel mondo, muoiono ogni giorno 1000 bambini sotto i cinque anni a causa di una malattia diarroica contratta per aver bevuto acqua non salubre. In molti casi, tuttavia, la causa principale dei problemi non è la carenza idrica in sé, ma piuttosto la mancanza degli investimenti finanziari a livello nazionale e internazionale volti a rendere accessibili, ove necessario, risorse idriche di qualità adeguata. La DSC punta pertanto sulla cooperazione con gli attori coinvolti nell’intento di dare vita a un sistema che consenta a tutti, a lungo termine, di disporre di un accesso ad acqua pulita e potabile.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 73 – 84 di 994

Fair and ethical recruitment of migrant workers

01.11.2021 - 31.12.2023

Approximately 105 million people are currently working outside their country of origin. Many of these migrant workers have profited from international labour recruitment intermediaries. Millions, however, have become victims of abusive and exploitative practices by unethical recruiters. Working together with different actors, SDC will support initiatives to ensure fair and ethical recruitment. Migrants and their families will be better protected and thereby better enabled to contribute to the development of their countries of origin and destination.


Bangladesh Agricultural and Disaster Insurance Programme

01.11.2021 - 31.12.2028

Farmers will improve their productivity and resilience by gaining access to client-oriented and affordable agricultural insurance products. Insurance-cover will allow farmers to invest in higher-return activities, access credit and to recover faster when affected by weather, diseases and disasters. By building capacity of and facilitating coordination and linkages among key stakeholders, inclusive insurance markets will be developed to eventually cater for several million farmers.


Promoting Social Entrepreneurship in selected countries

01.08.2021 - 28.02.2026

This regional program with national implementation components supports Social Entrepreneurs (SEs) contributing to solving societal and environmental problems with a market-based approach. The contribution identifies and supports selected SEs and helps them to reach out to the poor. It serves the creation of employment and income for low-income households improving their livelihoods. SEs use innovative ideas and business models that are well-aligned with SDC’s objectives of poverty reduction.


Inclusive territorial economic development in the Muskitia region

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2028

The Muskitia indigenous region requires strategic changes that favour inclusive economic development and reduce violent conflict over land use and maritime resources. For this reason the program strengthens territorial governance, improves the business climate and increases access to services. This includes supporting 8 of the 12 territorial councils in stimulating productive sector value chains such as cocoa, fish, and basic grains that generate employment and income for 10,000 families and consolidate indigenous businesses.


Territorial water governance in the Gulf of Fonseca region

01.04.2021 - 31.12.2027

The water governance system in the Gulf of Fonseca region needs significant change in order to overcome its dysfunctionality and ensure a sustainable supply of water. To this end, the program promotes coordinated management of five watersheds by the various public and private water users, addressing conflicts peacefully in a fragile context. In addition, support is provided for technical, legal and institutional solutions that also have an effect at the national level.


CLIMATE AND CLEAN AIR IN LATIN AMERICAN CITIES PLUS (CALAC+) PROGRAMME

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2023

Air pollution is an important impediment to sustainable development in cities, and short-lived climate pollutants such as black carbon represent a major trigger for climate change. Supporting increasing voluntary efforts, CALAC+ will assist clean air strategies in five Latin American cities by fostering normative and technological changes and share lessons at the global level. Capacity building will use the comparative advantage of Swiss experience and the private sector’s interest to increase its stance in urban clean air issues.


Strengthening democratic local governance

01.01.2021 - 30.06.2026

The project aims at supporting the democratic transition and the peace efforts in Myanmar. Using a decentralized budget support approach to all townships of one state in the Southeast of the country, it will strengthen township’s participatory planning and budgeting capacity. The project will also deepen the community’s capacity to demand public services. Additionally it will support national level policy discussions based on this experience.


Joint Peace Fund

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2027

After 60 years of conflict, the government and 8 Ethnic Armed Groups have signed a National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) in October 2015, opening up a unique opportunity to find lasting peace. The Joint Peace Fund is a multi-donor fund set up to channel coordinated international support for such efforts, including the implementation of the NCA and following political dialogue of the peace process, a requirement for development especially in border areas.


Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (Sustainable Develoment Goal 16+)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

The promotion of peaceful, just and inclusive societies (SDG16) is integral to the success of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development. In order to accelerate its implementation, a group of UN Member States are coming together to leveraging intersections within the Agenda (16+) and to accelerate national and international implementation, while building a movement of the willing around three grand challenges. Switzerland is a co-convener, a member and a donor to this initiative.


Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens RESPECT

01.12.2020 - 30.11.2026

L’intervention renforce la gouvernance du secteur de sécurité tunisien et les capacités institutionnelles de prévention de l’extrémisme violent. Elle contribue ainsi à une meilleure protection des citoyennes et des citoyens tunisiens à travers une assistance vers une gestion de la sécurité redevable et efficace, et à travers un soutien à la définition et à la mise en œuvre de politiques publiques limitant le phénomène de l’extrémisme violent.

 


Agricultural Services and Livelihood Improvement (ASLI)

01.10.2020 - 31.07.2028

Farming households in the Central Highlands of Afghanistan suffer from high levels of poverty and food insecurity. Their agricultural productivity remains low due to insufficient access to inputs and information. The Agricultural Services and Livelihood Improvement (ASLI) project aims to improve the livelihoods of poor rural families by strengthening the public extension system at subnational level to enable targeted, demand-driven agricultural service delivery.


Resilience for Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

01.09.2020 - 31.07.2025

Pastoralism is a millennia old livelihood strategy adapted to the marginal and harsh environ-ments of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). In order to support pastoralists, this programme contributes to strengthening public and private institutions in the water and livestock sectors, putting policy frameworks in place to ensure efficient county-wide and cross-border water and rangeland management systems, and to increase access to water and pasture.

Oggetto 73 – 84 di 994