Aziende agricole di piccole dimensioni e a conduzione familiare

Famiglia di contadini in un campo di cavoli in Honduras
Le piccole aziende agricole generano quasi la metà degli alimenti necessari nel mondo. © DSC/Fritz R. Staehelin

Le aziende piccole e a conduzione familiare forniscono un contributo importante all’approvvigionamento alimentare di una popolazione mondiale in costante crescita, mantengono e creano posti di lavoro nelle aree rurali e possono contrastare la migrazione. Per funzionare, le aziende di piccole dimensioni devono poter accedere a mercati stabili, a un’infrastruttura adeguata e a formazione e servizi finanziari e di informazione. La DSC le aiuta ad adattarsi ai cambiamenti e a intensificare la loro produzione in modo sostenibile.

L’Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l’alimentazione e l’agricoltura (Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO) definisce piccoli agricoltori gli allevatori, i silvicoltori o i pescatori che gestiscono un’area inferiore a 10 ettari. Le piccole aziende agricole ruotano per lo più intorno a una famiglia che si occupa di tutto, dalla produzione al mantenimento dell’impresa. Parte della produzione è inoltre destinata al consumo della famiglia stessa. Rispetto alle grandi aziende agricole, quelle piccole e a conduzione familiare hanno una produttività del lavoro inferiore di circa un terzo. Eppure, o proprio a causa di questo, la Svizzera è convinta che sostenere le piccole aziende a conduzione familiare contribuisca a ridurre la fame e la povertà a livello mondiale.

La DSC sostiene le piccole aziende agricole e quelle a conduzione familiare nei Paesi in via di sviluppo, aiutandole principalmente ad adattarsi ai continui cambiamenti del clima, alla disponibilità di mezzi e metodi di produzione e alla domanda del mercato nonché a migliorare e incrementare la loro produzione.

Documenti

Programma Globale Sicurezza Alimentare (GPFS) at work no. 4: Smallholder/Family Farming (en)
[en] (PDF, Pagina 1, 49.1 kB, Inglese)

Investing in Smallholder Agriculture for Food Security – A Report by the High Level Panel of Experts
[en] (PDF, 2.6 MB, Inglese)

Factsheet: Les exploitations agricoles familiales et la sécurité alimentaire
[fr] (PDF, Numero pagine 2, 321.1 kB)

Redditi migliori per gli agricoltori georgiani
[it] (PDF, Numero pagine 4, 822.9 kB, Italiano)

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 1093 – 1104 di 1107

Africa Corporate Governance Program

01.02.2014 - 30.06.2020

The regional program aims to improve corporate governance policies and practices in selected countries in Africa. By promoting good corporate governance operational efficiency and performance of companies can be improved.


Tax Administration Diagnostic and Assessement Tool (TADAT) Trust Fund

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019

The overall objective of the TADAT Trust Fund is to establish a methodology and a tool for assessing tax administration performance, the Tax Administration Diagnostic and Assessment Tool (TADAT). The activities include the drafting of the diagnostic tool itself (the TADAT), the definition of the institutional setting ant governance structure around the TADAT, the establishment of the TADAT Secretariat, the conduct of pilot diagnostic assessments, and the establishment of appropriate quality assurance mechanisms.


Sanad Fund

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2028

The Sanad Fund is an investment vehicle, that provides debt and equity financing to banks and microfinance institutions. The ultimate beneficiaries are micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The Middle East and North African region is the main target region of the Sanad Fund.


North Tajik II Water Supply Project

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019

Urban water supply in Tajikistan is in bad condition due to the lack of maintenance since the break-up of the Soviet Union. This project aims at improving the water supply in four cities in the North of Tajikistan through the combination of three components: physical investments, corporate development and consumer participation.


Wastewater Treatment Plant Gjakova with KfW

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019

SECO is entering with this project the domain of wastewater treatment by cofinancing the construction of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Gjakova with KfW.


Support to the State Audit of Vietnam

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019

Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs) are key in any Public Financial Management system because they foster accountability and transparency. The State Audit of Vietnam (SAV) is Vietnam's external oversight function. It has recently gained constitutional recognition and has formulated a comprehensive development plan.


Improved Water and Wastewater Services Program - Phase II

01.07.2013 - 31.12.2023

The Improved Water and Wastewater Services Program - Phase II (IWSP II) plans to increase the coverage of water supply systems and wastewater treatment infrastructure in four Governorates of Upper Egypt (Qena, Assiout, Minya, Sohag).


The Sustainable Trade Initiative IDH

30.06.2013 - 31.12.2021

IDH is a neutral convener that brings together companies in a safe pre-competitive arena, acts as facilitator to organize cooperation between companies, NGOs, governments, knowledge institutes, banks and trade unions. IDH kick-starts sustainability programs by co-funding and de-risking private investments, and helps exploring new concepts that will help create scalable, self-sustaining solutions that deliver impact at scale on Sustainable Development Goals, with a focus on: improved livelihoods of smallholder farmers and increased, decent incomes for workers to help end poverty (SDG1), promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth (SDG 8), improve gender equality (SDG 5), nutrition (SDG 2) and help to halt deforestation (SDG 15) and reduce toxic loading.


Kant Water Supply Project

01.06.2013 - 31.12.2019

SECO has a longstanding partnership with the Kyrgyz Government aiming to develop and strengthen the urban water and sewerage sector of the country. Responding to the significant institutional and infrastructural needs, SECO engaged in 2013 in the Kant Water Supply Project (Phase I) on co-financing basis with EBRD. The municipality and water company have engaged in a public private partnership scheme. The project will rehabilitate the water and partly the waste water infrastructure of Kant and improve the management of the water company. The project with an overall budget of EUR 7,65 million, will be financed by an EBRD loan of EUR 1,5 mio., a grant by EBRD of EUR 0,45 mio. and a grant by SECO of EUR 5,7 mio.



Wealth Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services

01.03.2013 - 31.12.2019

Human wellbeing is highly dependent on ecosystems and biodiversity, yet these critical natural resources are being degraded at alarming rates. Part of the solution lies in better informed policy making, in both public and private sectors, which take into account the full value of the benefits from ecosystems. WAVES and the Natural Capital Accounting Program help developing countries to value their natural capital and ecosystem services and how to use this information for policy making in favour of a sustainable development.


Public finance management - Subnational Strengthening Program

14.02.2013 - 31.12.2019

This program aims at providing technical assistance and training to Peruvian subnational governments in the area of public finance management (PFM). The objective is to improve public services delivery and increase cost transparency at the decentralized level. In Peru, regional governments and local governments represent more than 40% of total public spending. However, very little systematic action has been directed so far to support the strengthening and modernization of regional and local governments, thus reducing the capacity of sub-national governments to soundly deliver key public services in areas such as education, health, water and sanitation, waste management, public transport, and security.

Oggetto 1093 – 1104 di 1107