Istruzione di base e formazione professionale

Des jeunes filles africaines lèvent la main.
Nella visione della DSC l’istruzione di base e la formazione professionale sono due aspetti interconnessi e complementari. © UN Photo / Marco Dormino

Una buona educazione è alla base dello sviluppo personale di ogni individuo e dello sviluppo economico e sociale di ogni società. L’istruzione contribuisce a ridurre la povertà e le disuguaglianze e stimola la crescita economica. La DSC persegue l’obiettivo di un’istruzione di qualità e accessibile a tutti in qualsiasi momento della vita adoperandosi in due settori prioritari: l’istruzione di base e la formazione professionale.

L’istruzione è essenziale per uno sviluppo sostenibile, che si fonda sulla coesione sociale e la pace in ogni società. L’obiettivo di un sistema educativo di qualità e accessibile, senza discriminazioni, in qualsiasi momento della vita è il quarto nell’elenco degli obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile (OSS) dell’Agenda 2030. Insieme a quello di un lavoro dignitoso per tutti nell’ambito di una crescita economica duratura e all’obiettivo che punta a eliminare la povertà è al centro dell’impegno della DSC.

In quanto stimola una maggiore consapevolezza su vari piani, l’istruzione può anche contribuire a migliorare le pratiche sanitarie, a difendere l’idea di una produzione agricola responsabile o a sensibilizzare le popolazioni in merito agli effetti del cambiamento climatico.

È assolutamente necessario rafforzare i sistemi educativi in molti Paesi in via di sviluppo o in transizione. Garantire l’accesso all’istruzione è indispensabile inoltre nei contesti cosiddetti «fragili» in cui le disuguaglianze hanno la tendenza ad aggravarsi.

La DSC si impegna nello sviluppo di offerte di qualità nel campo dell’istruzione di base e della formazione professionale. Agli occhi della DSC queste due componenti sono interconnesse e complementari. E non soltanto in una prospettiva lineare di apprendimento. A seconda delle esigenze e dei contesti, può essere interessante proporre insieme moduli di istruzione di base e moduli di formazione professionale: si offrono così più opportunità di integrazione nel mondo del lavoro ai giovani, che possono dimostrare di avere all’attivo una serie di competenze di base.

Il rafforzamento delle offerte educative nei Paesi in via di sviluppo e in transizione è una delle priorità della cooperazione internazionale della Svizzera nei prossimi anni. In virtù del messaggio concernente la cooperazione internazionale 2017-2020 approvato dal Parlamento, i fondi destinati a questo settore aumenteranno del 50% rispetto a quelli previsti per il periodo 2013-2016.

Istruzione di base

La DSC promuove un’istruzione di base adeguata alle esigenze delle popolazioni, di elevata qualità e accessibile a tutti. A questo scopo affianca numerosi Paesi nel processo di riforma dei loro sistemi educativi.

Formazione professionale

Lavorare con le autorità pubbliche e il settore privato permette di sviluppare offerte formative adeguate alle esigenze del mercato. Più giovani possono dunque trovare un lavoro dignitoso e contribuire allo sviluppo del loro Paese.

Progetti attuali

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Support to Village Councils in the West Bank with a focus on Area C

01.11.2016 - 31.12.2020

SDC will support local government units to improve the delivery of basic services in marginalized rural areas of the West Bank with a focus on Area C. This intervention is consistent with the State-building agenda which forms the basis for SDC development programme in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), the promotion of human rights/international humanitarian law and the alleviation of poverty. It is aligned to the Palestinian Authority’s policy framework for Area C. Its operating modalities are harmonized with like-minded donors in the local governance sector.



Labour-based Road Construction, Rehabilitation and Maintenance (LBRC)

01.11.2016 - 31.10.2019

The rural poor in Afghanistan suffer from a lack of access to basic services and markets. The labour based road construction project addresses these pressing needs of the people and complements an ongoing Swiss livelihood intervention. Through predictable income, the rehabilitation of vital rural infrastructure and by ensuring access to services and markets, the project contributes to improve the lives of men, women and children in a remote rural area.


Cultural Programme Tanzania (CPT)

01.09.2016 - 31.12.2019

This programme uses a comprehensive approach to promote local culture and livelihood opportunities for young artists, and for social cohesion. It aims to do so through institutional and specific projects’ support. The programme is in alignment with SDC’s Culture and Development Policy that supports devoting a minimum of 1% of SDC’s operational budget in a country to initiatives in the local artistic and culture sector.


Vocational Skills Development in Macedonia

01.09.2016 - 28.02.2022

Macedonia has one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe (25%), especially among youth (48%). One of the key factors for youth unemployment is that the education and training system does not provide skills needed by the economy. The Vocational Skills Development project aims to address youth unemployment through supporting market relevant skills development by strengthening the engagement of the private sector (e.g. through systematised internships), thus increasing the employability of vocational training graduates.



Application of Migration Policy for Decent Work of Migrant Workers

01.04.2016 - 30.06.2019

Men and women who opt for migrating abroad in search of employment will benefit from better protection (pre-departure orientation, international standard contracts, etc.) as the project will improve the overall migration policy and migration governance framework of Bangladesh. The project will also strengthen institutions responsible for managing migration, by building the capacity of the government and private sector to expand and improve services for migrant workers.


Water Security in the Middle East (Blue Peace)

01.04.2016 - 31.05.2020

In the Middle East, the increasingly precarious situation of water resources demands stronger regional cooperation than ever before. Set against this background, the Blue Peace approach aims at contributing to peace building through combined political and technical dialogues, which are substantiated in concrete regional projects and direct impact activities on the ground. Together with the Strategic Foresight Group (SFG) and local partners from academia, international organisations, civil society and private sector, SDC is able to promote policy and concrete solutions for sustainable development serving those threatened by water scarcity and conflict.


LEB Ghassan Kanafani Cultural Foundation (GKCF) Support to Centers in Palestine Refugee Camps – BNS & PRO

01.04.2016 - 31.05.2019

Palestine Refugees have no access to public schools in Lebanon. UNRWA runs 69 schools and 2 vocational education centers that cannot meet all the needs of an increasingly young population. Non-profits play a key role in complementing UNRWA’s services, particularly in early childhood. Further, many schools lack the necessary infrastructure, equipment and staff to support children with special needs. The main objective of the project is to improve the lives of Palestine Refugee (and other nationality) children and integrate those with disabilities in the regular education system.


Rehabiltiation of public schools accomodating Syrian refugee children

01.04.2016 - 31.12.2019

Education is one of the public sectors particularly under pressure due to the influx of refugees. There are currently 143,000 school-aged Syrian refugees enrolled in public schools in Jordan, another approx. 83,000 remain out of school. Overstretched infrastructure and lack of space are major challenges. SDC will continue to support the Ministry of Education (MoE) in non-structural rehabilitation of schools accommodating Syrian refugees, including water and sanitation facilities, contributing to increase the accommodating capacities. The project will also include an awareness component addressing maintenance issues.


Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI)

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2019

The Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI) supports policy development and provides technical support for the improvement of psychosocial wellbeing and mental wellness of children and young people to mitigate the negative impact of HIV and AIDS, poverty, and other vulnerabilities. It provides technical assistance to governments and non-governmental organizations to integrate and implement psychosocial support into social services, health and education in East and southern Africa.


Contribution to the Roma Education Fund (REF)

01.12.2015 - 31.12.2020

REF is the lead organization for Roma education. SDC is supporting REF from its inception, contributing in a relevant way to the Roma decade. REF recently defined a strategy (2015-20) and is strengthening its results orientation. By continuing the partnership with REF, with a focus on pro-inclusion policy dialogue, SDC ensures coherence and consistence of its position in the Roma inclusion agenda. REF's focus on children from early childhood is crucial for the social inclusion of the next generation of Roma.

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