Lotta alla corruzione per rendere possibile lo sviluppo

Grafico: Due mani si avvicinano da destra e da sinistra, come per stringersi in un saluto, ma in una mano sono nascoste delle banconote.
La DSC lotta contro ogni forma di corruzione – per esempio il versamento di bustarelle per ottenere prestazioni mediche. © DSC

La corruzione ostacola lo sviluppo: mezzi finanziari consistenti vanno perduti, la fiducia della popolazione nello Stato vacilla e lascia il posto a un sentimento d’impotenza e ingiustizia che può provocare conflitti. Il fenomeno penalizza in modo particolare le fasce meno abbienti e più vulnerabili della popolazione che non possono permettersi di pagare bustarelle o tangenti per i servizi pubblici. La DSC combatte la corruzione con la massima determinazione. 

La Svizzera attribuisce grande importanza alla lotta contro la corruzione, un elemento fondamentale della promozione del buongoverno. Gli interventi si focalizzano sulla trasparenza e il senso di responsabilità dello Stato, ma anche sul sanzionamento dei comportamenti scorretti.

Si tratta di far sì che le risorse pubbliche siano utilizzate in modo efficace ed efficiente per lo sviluppo del Paese in questione e che cresca la fiducia della popolazione nei confronti dello Stato. Istituzioni statali e processi politici non dovrebbero più essere minati alla base da pratiche corrotte. Regole del gioco più eque possono contribuire a ridurre le tensioni. 

Ambiti e modalità d’intervento

La DSC combatte la piccola corruzione quotidiana che rende difficile la vita della gente (p. es. il pagamento di bustarelle per ottenere prestazioni mediche), ma anche la corruzione in grande stile nella quale sono coinvolti politici e imprenditori potenti e sono in gioco somme di denaro consistenti. La strategia adottata è a doppio binario: si combatte il fenomeno con specifici programmi e, parallelamente, si porta avanti la lotta anche nel quadro di programmi riguardanti altri ambiti tematici. Tutti gli aspetti sono presi in considerazione: corruzione, tangenti, truffe, malversazione, nepotismo, accordi illeciti sui prezzi e estorsioni.

Politica di tolleranza zero

Qualora si verifichi un caso di corruzione in attività sostenute dalla DSC, i successivi versamenti vengono di norma sospesi finché non sono conclusi gli accertamenti giuridici. Si fa inoltre il possibile per recuperare i fondi versati indebitamente

A chi rivolgersi in caso di sospetti?

Il Compliance Office DFAE è incaricato di ricevere e dare seguito a segnalazioni interne ed esterne relative a casi di corruzione o di abuso nelle attività finanziate dalla DSC.

Compliance Office DFAE – Segnalare corruzione, malversazioni e abusi 

In alternativa, i casi sospetti possono essere segnalati anche al Controllo federale delle finanze tramite la piattaforma esterna protetta di whistleblowing.

Piattaforma di whistleblowing, Controllo federale delle finanze (CFF)

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 13 – 24 di 28

SDC –OECD DCD Partnership on Illicit Financial Flows 2018-2021 (single phase)

01.09.2018 - 30.11.2022

lllicit Financial Flows (IFF) constitute a fundamental obstacle to economic growth and good governance in the development countries. Building on previous and current OECD/DAC work on IFF, the Development OECD Co-operation Directorate (DCD) and SDC are prepared to establish a partnership on IFF to contribute in designing policies and building partnerships to address IFF across source, transit and destination countries. Switzerland thereby contributes to efforts of the international community to achieve SDG 16.


Programme d’Appui à la décentralisation et à la Participation Citoyenne (DEPAC)

01.03.2018 - 28.02.2022

La DDC, à travers DEPAC, permet à 30 collectivités territoriales (CT) de développer des services dans les domaines de l’eau potable, l’éducation, les pistes rurales, répondant aux droits fondamentaux de 6,2 millions de Burkinabè. Le programme renforce aussi la contribution des associations et médias à l’efficacité des mécanismes de redevabilité locale. Face à la forte demande citoyenne, en particulier des jeunes, la phase 2 mettra l’accent sur la construction de la démocratie locale et la promotion économique.


Strengthening Associations of Municipalities and Cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.01.2018 - 31.03.2022

In the complex institutional and legal system and incomplete policy context for decentralisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the two entity Associations of Municipalities and Cities (AMCs) are formally recognized as actors of decentralization, advocating for local governments (LGs). The project aims at enhancing AMCs’ capacities to actively support local governments in the provision of efficient services to their citizens, and to improve LGs role, status and position towards higher levels of government in BiH.


PADIT - Programa Plataforma Articulada para el Desarrollo Integral de los Territorios

06.12.2017 - 31.12.2022

PADIT apoya el fortalecimiento del desarrollo local en Cuba, genera herramientas de gestión descentralizada basadas en la articulación y cooperación entre niveles de decisión (nacional, provincial, municipal e intermunicipal) y entre el sector público y el privado y cooperativo para crear servicios y actividades productivas y mejorar opciones de empleo e ingresos, con énfasis en mujeres y jóvenes. A la vez, PADIT moviliza la participación ciudadana en las decisiones locales.


Public Investment in Energy Efficiency Phase 2 (PIE2)

Openning launch of the thermofitted kindergarden in Songinokhairhan district

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2021

PIE2 aims to increase effectiveness of Public Investment Management (PIM) and of Public Finance Management (PFM) replicating and upscaling the achievements of PIE1 in the two poorest districts of Ulaanbaatar city. Improved PIM and PFM capacities, practices, procedures and regulations will be applied to the thermoretrofitting of public buildings, i.e. 20 schools and kindergartens, aiming for demonstration effect for replication. The need to improve education facilities corresponds to a top priority for UB citizens.


Efficient and Accountable Local Governance

01.11.2017 - 31.10.2022

Local Governments in Bangladesh are tasked to deliver important public services like education, agricultural extension and health. The project supports the clarification of functions for the local public sector, the enhancement of financial management and citizen participation for increased accountability in service delivery, with a focus on the sub-district level, and strengthening women’s participation in political processes. 


Parliament Support Programme (PSP)

01.11.2017 - 31.08.2023

Switzerland supports the Assembly of North Macedonia to become an effective, transparent and independent institution by supporting the Parliament’s institutional development, its oversight and legislative capacities and its transparency and accountability towards citizens, including marginalized groups. This includes changes to the regulatory framework, the promotion of a political culture of consensus building, capacity building for MPs, parliament staff and CSOs and improved electronic architecture for effective and transparent communication.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).


Albania: Bashki te Forta (Strong Municipalities)

01.06.2017 - 30.09.2022

Municipal administrations in all 61 municipalities in Albania will be supported to effectively manage service delivery based on the citizens’ needs. Municipal councils will be enabled to better represent citizens’ interests and ensure that public resources are well managed. Setting up a reliable and up-to-date local statistical system will allow an informed decision making. Through these improvements, citizens will benefit from better services such as waste and pre-school education and will actively be involved in local issues.


Township Democratic Local Governance (TDLG)

01.12.2016 - 30.06.2022

In Mon State, with a traditionally strong Swiss presence, the project promotes a participatory, inclusive and transparent process around development grants, in order to improve the delivery of basic services at Township and village levels. Together with the state’s authorities, with the aim of including the governance structures of the Ethnic Armed Groups, the living conditions and space for democracy for the local people in ten Townships should improve with tangible development results.


Support to the DPCG (Development Partners’ Coordination Group) Secretariat in Rwanda

15.09.2016 - 15.09.2019

Switzerland and the UK, in an effort to facilitate a broad and fruitful development policy dialogue in Rwanda, will dedicate financial resources towards a UNDP support to the line ministry in charge of aid coordination. It entails, on the one hand, carrying out analytical research leading to evidence-based policy decision, and, on the other hand, the efficient management of the Development Partners’ Coordination Group (DPCG) Secretariat.


Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative of World Bank Group and UN Office on Drugs and Crime

16.12.2015 - 30.06.2022

Asset recovery is an important priority on the global agenda. Demand for expertise on asset recovery remains high around the world. Asset recovery is a priority for SDC, the Message 2014-2017 and Switzerland as a financial center with its pioneering role in general. This contribution will support the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR). StAR is a partnership between the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) that supports international efforts to end safe havens for corrupt funds.

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