Lotta alla corruzione per rendere possibile lo sviluppo

Grafico: Due mani si avvicinano da destra e da sinistra, come per stringersi in un saluto, ma in una mano sono nascoste delle banconote.
La DSC lotta contro ogni forma di corruzione – per esempio il versamento di bustarelle per ottenere prestazioni mediche. © DSC

La corruzione ostacola lo sviluppo: mezzi finanziari consistenti vanno perduti, la fiducia della popolazione nello Stato vacilla e lascia il posto a un sentimento d’impotenza e ingiustizia che può provocare conflitti. Il fenomeno penalizza in modo particolare le fasce meno abbienti e più vulnerabili della popolazione che non possono permettersi di pagare bustarelle o tangenti per i servizi pubblici. La DSC combatte la corruzione con la massima determinazione. 

La Svizzera attribuisce grande importanza alla lotta contro la corruzione, un elemento fondamentale della promozione del buongoverno. Gli interventi si focalizzano sulla trasparenza e il senso di responsabilità dello Stato, ma anche sul sanzionamento dei comportamenti scorretti.

Si tratta di far sì che le risorse pubbliche siano utilizzate in modo efficace ed efficiente per lo sviluppo del Paese in questione e che cresca la fiducia della popolazione nei confronti dello Stato. Istituzioni statali e processi politici non dovrebbero più essere minati alla base da pratiche corrotte. Regole del gioco più eque possono contribuire a ridurre le tensioni. 

Ambiti e modalità d’intervento

La DSC combatte la piccola corruzione quotidiana che rende difficile la vita della gente (p. es. il pagamento di bustarelle per ottenere prestazioni mediche), ma anche la corruzione in grande stile nella quale sono coinvolti politici e imprenditori potenti e sono in gioco somme di denaro consistenti. La strategia adottata è a doppio binario: si combatte il fenomeno con specifici programmi e, parallelamente, si porta avanti la lotta anche nel quadro di programmi riguardanti altri ambiti tematici. Tutti gli aspetti sono presi in considerazione: corruzione, tangenti, truffe, malversazione, nepotismo, accordi illeciti sui prezzi e estorsioni.

Politica di tolleranza zero

Qualora si verifichi un caso di corruzione in attività sostenute dalla DSC, i successivi versamenti vengono di norma sospesi finché non sono conclusi gli accertamenti giuridici. Si fa inoltre il possibile per recuperare i fondi versati indebitamente

A chi rivolgersi in caso di sospetti?

Il Compliance Office DFAE è incaricato di ricevere e dare seguito a segnalazioni interne ed esterne relative a casi di corruzione o di abuso nelle attività finanziate dalla DSC.

Compliance Office DFAE – Segnalare corruzione, malversazioni e abusi 

In alternativa, i casi sospetti possono essere segnalati anche al Controllo federale delle finanze tramite la piattaforma esterna protetta di whistleblowing.

Piattaforma di whistleblowing, Controllo federale delle finanze (CFF)

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 25 – 36 di 81

Regional Development Programme in Northern Albania

01.12.2016 - 31.03.2019

Citizens of Albania will benefit from better social and economic opportunities. Since many Albanian citizens face the negative consequences of social, economic and environmental disparities between and within regions of the country, the project will tackle these disparities by strengthening the institutions working on regional development through an active involvement of all relevant stakeholders and increasing strategic investments in the regions.


Support to the DPCG (Development Partners’ Coordination Group) Secretariat in Rwanda

15.09.2016 - 15.09.2019

Switzerland and the UK, in an effort to facilitate a broad and fruitful development policy dialogue in Rwanda, will dedicate financial resources towards a UNDP support to the line ministry in charge of aid coordination. It entails, on the one hand, carrying out analytical research leading to evidence-based policy decision, and, on the other hand, the efficient management of the Development Partners’ Coordination Group (DPCG) Secretariat.


PRODEL – Programme to strengthen municipal capacities for local development

01.04.2016 - 31.03.2020

PRODEL is part of the Cuban decentralization reform process that seeks to build the capacities of local government representatives in local development management and assist them in formulating and implementing Municipal Development Strategies (EDMs) as a tool to maximize local resources and improve local services.


Local Governance Program Nicaragua-APIM

01.01.2016 - 30.06.2020

The final phase aims to capitalize and to transfer best practices of public investment cycle into national norms. The program will smoothly phase out the earmarked budget support to 15 municipalities in order to i) strengthen capacities to manage municipal investments plans for rural feeder roads and basic services; and ii) ensure sustainability, inclusive governance and transparency. Best practices and experiences will be documented and disseminated.


Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative of World Bank Group and UN Office on Drugs and Crime

16.12.2015 - 30.12.2019

Asset recovery is an important priority on the global agenda. Demand for expertise on asset recovery remains high around the world. Asset recovery is a priority for SDC, the Message 2014-2017 and Switzerland as a financial center with its pioneering role in general. This contribution will support the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR). StAR is a partnership between the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) that supports international efforts to end safe havens for corrupt funds.


Strengthening Oversight Function and Transparency of the Parliament

01.11.2015 - 15.01.2020

To benefit Citizens whom they represent, parliamentarians have an important stake in law making including accurate consultation mechanisms. Equally important is their oversight function over the executive's expenditures. Also, the representation of Citizens as per their political power and regional affiliation reflects important features of an effective parliament. The intervention will address identified shortcomings both in the National Assembly as well as in local assemblies of Serbia, thus enhancing their democratic legitimation.


Anti-Corruption Support

01.05.2015 - 31.03.2020

This intervention aims at fostering an institutional and social environment that is increasingly adverse to corruption. Support to reform-oriented “duty bearers” – by strengthening the technical and procedural capacities of the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB) - will be combined with activities enhancing collective action by supporting the private sector for a more transparent business environment and a multi-media campaign inspiring behaviour change of citizens (“right holders”) to strengthen integrity.


Governance and Decentralisation Programme Phase II (GDP II)

01.04.2015 - 31.12.2019

Governance and Decentralisation Programme Phase II (GDP II) aims to support Mongolia’s decentralisation reform process by fostering local governments which are empowered, democratic, and accountable to citizens, and which provide sustainable services responding to citizens’ needs. GDP II is working in close collaboration with Mongolian counterpart organizations to strengthen national ownership. The programme is expected to have a nationwide impact, benefitting all local governments as well as citizens (men and women) of Mongolia. A pro-poor and gender equality focus is explicitly mainstreamed in the programme’s design and its results framework.


Social Accountability 2015-2018

01.04.2015 - 31.12.2018

The Social Accountability Programme extends support to the three leading Tanzanian advocacy organisations in the field of policy advocacy, health and agriculture, Policy Forum, Sikika, and ANSAF. Each plays a key role in enhancing transparency and accountability of public resource management at national and local level, scrutinizing public resource data and empowering citizens and local organizations to engage more effectively in public oversight. 


Good financial governance – accountability and mobilisation of state revenue

01.02.2015 - 31.07.2020

The project will address the challenge of efficient allocation of resources and lack of accountability in the financial management of public bodies. It plans to do so by improving external and internal audits, increasing local revenue mobilisation and strengthening local government-citizen dialogue on transparency and accountability issues. The project will be implemented by the GIZ and is funded by the European Union, Germany and Switzerland.


Municipal Development Programme Mozambique - PRODEM

01.01.2015 - 30.06.2020

In the framework of the ongoing decentralization process in Mozambique, 53 municipalities have been established since 1998. The programme aims to contribute to urban poverty reduction and a sustainable development of 26 municipalities. This shall be achieved through improvements in municipal government’s administration with a focus on service delivery and resilience to climate change impact complemented by enhanced citizen’s participation and social accountability.


Governance Facility (GF)

01.10.2014 - 30.06.2020

People in Nepal still suffer from weak public accountability, lack of rule of law and prevailing impunity. Switzerland, Denmark and DFID have established a sector-wide multi-donor basket facility to support public and private institutions in the governance sector, aiming at improving the rule of law, access to justice for marginalized men and women, the protection of human rights and at strengthening public accountability mechanisms for the most vulnerable people in Nepal.

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