Rafforzamento della partecipazione delle donne alla vita politica

Un’elettrice mostra il suo indice sinistro inchiostro colorato dopo che ha votato.
La DSC promuove la partecipazione attiva delle donne alle elezioni. © Susanne Schmeidl

Nel mondo le donne hanno scarse possibilità di influenzare le decisioni politiche, economiche, sociali e domestiche. La DSC si adopera affinché donne e uomini possano onorare con pari diritti i loro doveri di cittadine e cittadini e promuove la partecipazione delle donne alla vita politica.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

La DSC integra sistematicamente le questioni di genere nei suoi progetti di sviluppo della governance e, su scala locale e nazionale, promuove la partecipazione delle donne alla vita politica, per esempio nel quadro dei processi di democratizzazione.

Confrontato a un’urbanizzazione sfrenata, l’Afghanistan ha visto il suo tasso di criminalità aumentare drasticamente. In otto grandi città del Paese i cittadini aiutano a valutare le sfide riguardanti la sicurezza e mettono in atto misure collettive. In questo processo sostenuto dalla DSC la partecipazione attiva delle donne è prioritaria.

Nel Benin la DSC sostiene le donne che si offrono di rivestire cariche politiche o assumere posizioni in altri organi decisionali come i comitati locali in ambito sanitario e per la gestione delle risorse idriche.

L’integrazione delle questioni di genere è un obiettivo prioritario anche nello sviluppo dei Comuni nei Balcani occidentali. Attraverso i suoi progetti la DSC promuove la facoltà di codecisione delle donne nella pianificazione del budget e nella ripartizione delle risorse finanziarie, accordando uguale considerazione alle esigenze e agli interessi di uomini e donne, bambini e bambine.     

Contesto

Il potere delle donne di influenzare le decisioni politiche ed economiche è ancor oggi scarso rispetto a quello degli uomini. I pregiudizi sociali persistenti, la mancanza di tempo e la scarsa istruzione impediscono alle donne di partecipare alla vita politica al pari degli uomini. 

Oltre a un’adeguata rappresentanza femminile negli organi decisionali è fondamentale che la loro attività politica sia attenta alle questioni di genere. Per la DSC è necessario coinvolgere tutte le fasce della popolazione nei processi locali di decentralizzazione e di sviluppo della governance locale. Parallelamente andrebbero analizzate le conseguenze delle decisioni politiche e di bilancio su uomini, donne, bambini e minoranze. 

Progetti attuali

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Working for Health (W4H)

01.07.2022 - 30.06.2027

More health workers with the right skills are needed to achieve the SDGs, particularly in low income countries. Switzerland contributes to a joint WHO, ILO and OECD program providing catalytic support to governments, social partners and other key stakeholders to develop, finance and implement national health workforce strategies and investment plans. This will improve the supply and employment of health workers, maximise their performance, create decent jobs and accelerate progress towards UHC.   


PYE - Participation and Equity Platform

01.12.2021 - 30.06.2024

PYE, phase 3, aims to consolidate in a platform the efforts of 15 Cuban civil society actors, including the 6 partners part of the Gender Equity Program (PEGIN), for the promotion of laws and public policies to improve human rights in Cuba, in the areas of gender, race, poverty and social inclusion to promote legislative, social and public policy changes, with the promotion of activism and leadership of local actors.


RESPECT - Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens

01.10.2021 - 31.08.2025

L’intervention vise à renforcer la capacité de la Commission Nationale de la Lutte contre le Terrorisme (CNLCT) dans la prévention de l’extrémisme violent (PEV) en améliorant la coordination entre les acteurs clés des secteurs de la sécurité et de la justice. L’approche choisie est holistique combinant des activités qui ont pour objectifs de renforcer la cohésion sociale en ciblant les groupes à risque. Un autre aspect de l’intervention consiste à soutenir la réforme du secteur de la sécurité afin que celui-ci soit conforme avec les standards internationaux régissant les droits humains.


Programme Psychosocial dans la Région des Grands Lacs

01.09.2021 - 31.12.2023

Le programme contribue à l’amélioration du statut des femmes, en particulier celui des survivantes des violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre dans la Région des Grands Lacs (Burundi, Rwanda, RDC). La Suisse a développé une expertise en matière d’approche psychosociale communautaire qui a apporté des changements positifs de comportements et des normes liés au genre. Le focus de cette phase de sortie est l’intégration de cette approche dans les institutions publiques et son soutien par d’autres partenaires. 


Women’s Economic Empowerment in the South Caucasus

01.08.2021 - 31.07.2024

In 2017, Switzerland embarked on a multi-donor project which laid a solid foundation for women’s economic empowerment in the South Caucasus, yet, further support is needed to fulfil women’s rights, which remain constrained by structural and cultural barriers. The Swiss-funded contribution will support capacity-building and provide technical assistance at institutions and policy level and, combined with activities at grassroots level, benefit at least 1’850 vulnerable women in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia


Support to the International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW AP)

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2024

Gender inequalities persist and are a major barrier for poverty reduction and sustainable inclusive development. SDC supports the International Women’s Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) Asia Pacific, a non-governmental organisation working nationally, regionally, and globally towards the achievement of women's human rights, especially through the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) mechanism.


Long-term support to UNRWA’s reform

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2022

Switzerland contributes to enable UNRWA to pursue key reform areas of its Medium-Term Strategy 2016-2022, mainly by supporting (i) management initiatives and set of actions to ensure that governance, accountability, management and transparency meet international standards, and (ii) the systematic integration and attention to the needs of vulnerable groups, in particular children, persons with disabilities and women survivors of violence.


Promotion and respect of human rights, gender equality and the international humanitarian law

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland aims at enhancing prospects for Palestinians to live in dignity, prosperity and peace with Israel, via the respect and promotion of human rights, including gender equality, international humanitarian law and the rule of law by all duty bearers. To this end, SDC supports ten Palestinian and Israeli human rights and humanitarian law organizations active in the oPt, which provide legal aid and protection services to the population and advocate for the respect of the international law. 


Scaling-up improved sanitation – Bridging Phase Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF)

01.05.2021 - 31.10.2022

Investments in Sanitation, Hygiene and Menstrual Health are crucial to achieving the SDGs. The recently launched and UN-led Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF) aims to fill a gaping void in the international response to the sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health crisis. With this project, Switzerland supports the SHF in its operational set-up, starting country readiness work, resource mobilization and to become operational by early 2022


SYP Safeguard Young People in Eastern African countries

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2024

The SYP program contributes to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of young people, thus  reducing gender based health inequities. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of policies, and strengthens young people’s competencies on and access to SRHR services. The expansion to Tanzania and Rwanda leverages on the  experience in Southern Africa financed by SDC, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s thematic expertise and convening power.


Financial support to the Programme of Work and Budget of the OECD Development Center 2021-2022

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2022

The Development Center of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development is a policy oriented institution which conducts studies and provides platforms for dialogues and knowledge sharing between OECD and non OECD countries. Switzerland’s support to the Center contributes to the development of inclusive and responsive public policies that foster sustainable and inclusive growth with the objective to reduce poverty and inequalities in emerging and developing economies.  


Supporting Small-scale Dairy Production

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2024

This contribution aims at improving economic empowerment and resilience of women dairy producers in Abkhazia and Samegrelo. The protracted conflict in Abkhazia impedes socio-economic development, leading to high poverty and vulnerability to external shocks, as COVID-19. Women are particularly vulnerable, as they are also victims of gender-based discrimination and domestic violence. Farmer Field Schools will empower women by enhancing their technical and leadership skills.

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