Relations between Switzerland and Turkmenistan are mainly focused on multilateral cooperation.
Bilateral relations Switzerland–Turkmenistan
Key aspects of diplomatic relations
Turkmenistan belongs to Switzerland's voting constituency at the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Neutrality is another aspect linking the two countries.
A small number of Swiss companies are operating in Turkmenistan. They are mainly active in the pharmaceutical, transport and food sectors.
A large part of Turkmenistan is desert. The country has huge reserves of natural gas. Oasis areas are used for agriculture.
Cooperation in the domain of education
Scholars and artists from Turkmenistan can apply for Swiss Government Excellence Scholarships to the State Secretariat for Education Research and Innovation (SERI). SECO:
Development cooperation and humanitarian aid
The State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) has been financing a project to support SMEs via the EBRD since 2011. It has also been helping the Central Bank of Turkmenistan strengthen monetary policy conditions via a project implemented by the IMF since October 2014. Furthermore, Switzerland has been sharing experience and expertise with Turkmenistan since 2016 under a memorandum of understanding signed by the two countries' finance ministries.
History of bilateral relations
Switzerland recognised the independent state of Turkmenistan on 23 December 1991, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The Swiss embassy in Moscow was responsible for diplomatic relations with Turkmenistan until April 2008. Since then, the embassy in Baku (Azerbaijan) has represented Switzerland's diplomatic interests in Turkmenistan.
Turkmenistan opened a combined permanent representation and embassy in Geneva on 11 April 2011, which is accredited to the international organisations and at the same time covers bilateral relations.