Improvement of living conditions in the region of Satu Mare and Maramures

Project completed

The present project aims at a sustainable improvement of the living conditions and future per-spectives of Roma communities in the region of Satu Mare and Maramures by improving health and education services.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Romania
Improving social security
01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017
CHF 2'694'418
Background

One of the most vulnerable groups in Romania in terms of social exclusion and discrimination are the Roma. According to the last census in 2011, interim results evidenced 619,000 people declaring their Roma ethnic affiliation. Other researches estimate the real number of Roma living in Romania at around 1.5 million.  An important number of Roma in Romania are at risk of social exclusion and discrimination in crucial areas of social life, such as education, healthcare, housing or employment.

Objectives

Members of Roma communities and vulnerable groups are capacitated to actively participate in the social, economic and political life and to lead a life in dignity. This overall goal is pursued by the following specific objectives:

  • Members of Roma communities and other vulner-able groups have the capacity to access existing resources to improve their situation
  • Children and young persons are participating in the public educational process appropriate for their age and specific needs, obtaining knowledge and abilities foreseen by the Romanian educational system and developing their capacity to be an active member of society
  • The vulnerability concerning health risks of mem-bers of Roma communities and other marginalized groups is reduced
Target groups

2300 Members of Roma com-munities and other disadvan-taged groups in the region of Satu Mare and Maramures:

  • children at the age of 3 to 15 years
  • young persons: 15 and older
  • pregnant women and moth-ers with small children
  • families of the children se-lected for the centres
  • other members of the com-munities
Activities

For the community development component, initiative groups will assess the situation and elaborate strategies for the development of their communities. Community-based ex-pert will be present in every community and coordinate project activities, mobilize people and maintain a network to other stakeholders and important partners. The activities in education planned in the program are de-signed as a development and extension of existing pro-grammes (kindergarten groups and afterschool programs, combined with social support, consultancy). A vocational training programme will be set up and a network with local economic actors will be established to provide traineeships and jobs. Local health care teams and health activity groups will develop recommendations to improve the access of the members of the local Roma communities to health services and will put the recommendations on the authorities’ agenda. In parallel health promotion activities like information and health education programs, consultancy and support will be implemented. Local networks of health service providers will be developed.

Results

Achieved results:  

(by the end of 2016)

  • Education: 125 children benefited from kindergarten activities, and 253 children were enrolled to after-school classes, 89% of the Roma children are attending the school;
  • Health: Access to health services has been improved for the members of all three project communities. All children attending the centres are checked regularly for health problems; 70% of the children of all three project localities were vaccinated; 86% of the Roma population of the three communities were registered with a  general practioner; 60% of communities members (children and adults) improved their knowledge and abilities to avoid transmisible diseases; 80% of the Roma women  were monitored and assisted before and after pregnancy; 60 families from the Roma community in Turulung have access to clean drinking water from public water networks
  • Empowerment: Local Initiative Groups have been formed in all three project locations and are active; The LIGs work together with the communities achieving the following in 2016:  the water system has been extended into the Roma community fromTurulung ; the electricity system was extended in Craica and Turulung communities, 8 access bridges have been repaired in Craica  community; 700 m of sidewalks for the Ardud community wew build up and fruits trees were planted in all 3 communities.


Expected results:  

  • Community development
  • Initiative groups out of formal and informal leaders created
  • Initiative groups work trained and prepared for community development
  • Capacity of the day care centers staff enhanced in the field of community development

Education:

  • Kindergarten for 140 children per year provided
  • After school programme for 230 school children per year provided
  • Counseling and support programme for 75 young person developed
  • Vocational training for “Fachhilfskräfte” offered to 10 young people per year

Health:

  • Local health care teams and actions group trained
  • 400 persons participated in health promotion program
  • Permanent health counseling service established


Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Swiss Contribution to the enlarged EU
Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF   2'694'418 Swiss disbursement to date CHF   300'000
Project phases Phase 8 01.10.2015 - 31.08.2017   (Completed) Phase 7 01.02.2016 - 30.11.2018   (Completed)

Phase 6 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017   (Completed)

Phase 5 01.05.2013 - 31.03.2019   (Completed) Phase 2 01.03.2012 - 30.11.2019   (Completed) Phase 1 01.03.2012 - 30.11.2019   (Completed)