Sustainable Livelihood and Disaster Mitigation (SLDM)
The intervention works on the nexus of DRR, food security and agroforestry and successor programme of the Sloping Land Management programme (SLM). Building on SLM, food security remains central, but DRR is the principle concern of the domain of intervention. Combining food security and DRR increases the scope to work holistically towards sustaining the resources on which livelihoods depend. The emphasis on sustainable food production addresses the humanitarian needs of communities. Coupling this with a focus on community action serves to enlarge the scope for groups and individuals to act more autonomously.
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic
- Schweizerisches Arbeiterhilfswerk
|Background||To cope with chronic food shortages, populations in the DPRK started cultivating sloped land. The applied techniques were exploitive and led to an increase of landslides, soil erosion, and downstream flooding of residential areas and farmland. The Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection (MoLEP) and other relevant institutions began to address the risk situation in mountainous areas around the year 2000, and SDC became involved in 2004 with its SLM programme.|
Communities are more food secure and impacted less by natural hazards.
The SLDM programme reduces erosion risks by applying and promoting agroforestry techniques and DRR mitigation measures. SLDM enriches biodiversity and merges the aim of environmental protection with food security of targeted population.
Sloping Land User groups (SLUGs) supported by SDC in thematic collaboration with MoLEP serve as models for dissemination of SLDM techniques to other areas and provinces in the DPRK.
SLUGs and communities are capacitated with the know-how and abilities to devise and implement erosion-controlling measures (through bioengineering and structures) and to think holistically about the risks in their environment.
90 Sloping Land User Group (SLUG), consisting each of 8-12 members, in majority housewives and pensioners, incl. their families (900 households) which are cultivating sloping land based on MoLEP’s Agroforestry techniques.
Apaprt of the 90 SLUGs that benefit from direct programe support, approx. 200 UGs (2,000 families) are indirect beneficiairies by ways of training and coaching.
The project area covers 5 counties in two provinces (North Hwanghae and Kangwon) and 200 core committee memebers of the People’s Committees receive training in applied DRR methodologies.
MoLEP’s county-based field core teams receive incremental training and consists of 3-5 forest rangers (trained on DRR and AF technologies) and is supervised by a team leader from MoLEP who establishes the links to the People’s Committee.
The SLDM programme contributes to the livelihood improvement and sustainable resource management which is ecologically sustainable, economically cost-effective and socially participatory and satisfies needs of the communities by applying agroforestry and ecological engineering approaches to improve soil and water protection.
Communities protect their life-sustaining resources and risks of flood, drought and plant pest are reduced.
Communities cultivate, harvest and market a balanced variety of nutritionally relevant crops
By the end of 2020, approx. 900 ha of project areas and 60ha of affected downstream area are protected from soil erosion.
The livelihood basis (cultivation area, infrastructure, etc) for approx. 900 households as direct beneficiaries and 2000 hh as indirect beneficiaries are ensured
200 ha of degraded lands are rehabilitated by introduction of agroforestry.
Approx. 300 ha of degraded sloping land is forested and the average soil coverage with grass and trees on the selected sloping lands has reached 20 %.
By the end of 2020, all of the involved 90 SLUGs (40 “old” + 50 new) plus 200 non-project sloping land user groups in project counties master and apply multiple disaster mitigation techniques
All of the involved people’s committees have integrated aspects of disaster risk reduction planning in the local planning process.
Results from previous phases:
12 years of the previous Sloping Land Manangement programme led to the amendment to the National Forest Law in March 2013 which explicitly permits the adoption of country-wide agroforestry (AF) techniques through SLUGs on degraded slopes.
The SLM prgramme included 202 SLUGs in 9 Counties covering an area of 2,168 ha. With more than 80% women among user group (UG) members, over 2,300 families benefited directly.
Maize production increased from 1.6 to 2-3 mt/ha.
Environmental protection and DRR approaches evolved through the introduction of integrated watershed management and bioengineering methods and the reforestation of 735 ha with valuable tree species.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
|Coordination with other projects and actors||
Synergies with the SDC direct-implemented WASH project will permit SDC and partners to pursue a comprehensive approach covering watershed management, prevention of environmental degradation, promote water source protection and building up DRR resilience.
WFP started agroforestry and DRR activities under its “food for DRR” programme with know-how support by MoLEP core staff.
FAO is the focal point for the United Nation’s Agriculture/Food Security Sector Group attended by SDC.
EUPS2, EUPS3 implement activities in the agroforestry sector specifically on slope stabilisation and experiences are being shared.
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 2'510'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 1'392'255 Total project since first phase Budget inclusive project partner CHF 2'400'000|