Bilateral relations Switzerland–Nicaragua

The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) is active in Nicaragua with a number of projects. Nicaragua is part of the priority region in Central America for Swiss development cooperation.

Key aspects of diplomatic relations

Relations with Nicaragua focus on development cooperation and humanitarian aid. Switzerland's diplomatic interests and consular matters are handled by the Swiss embassy in San José, Costa Rica.

The cooperation office for regional cooperation in Central America is in Managua, in the same building as the consulate.

Treaty database

Government of Nicaragua (es)

Economic cooperation

Trade between Switzerland and Nicaragua is modest. In 2017, Switzerland imported goods worth a total of CHF 114.5 million from Nicaragua, mainly precious metals and agricultural products including coffee and bananas. Swiss exports to Nicaragua stood at around CHF 6.7 million, composed mainly of machinery, pharmaceutical products and optical and medical instruments.

Trade promotion, Switzerland Global Enterprise SGE

Development cooperation and humanitarian aid

The SDC has been active in Nicaragua since 1993.  Central America is a priority region for Swiss development cooperation. The SDC focuses its development efforts on Nicaragua and Honduras.

Support is focused on the following areas:

  • economic development (the promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises)
  • inclusive governance, rule of law and human rights (consolidation of infrastructure in poor rural communities)
  • climate change and disaster risk reduction

The SDC has a budget of CHF 22.8 million for Nicaragua in 2018. 

Development cooperation and humanitarian aid

Swiss nationals in Nicaragua

According to statistics on the Swiss Abroad, there were 302 Swiss citizens living in Nicaragua at the end of 2017.

History of bilateral relations

Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain in 1821, and a republic was created in 1838. Switzerland recognised the state as soon as it was founded.

In 1936, the Federal Council appointed an honorary consul in Nicaragua. Diplomatic relations were established in 1957 and between 1968 and 1976, Switzerland maintained an embassy in the capital Managua.

The SDC started to be active in Nicaragua following the overthrow of the dictator Somoza in 1979. A number of Swiss nationals joined the brigades formed to help the country’s reconstruction.

The SDC has been operating a cooperation office for the Central America region from Managua since 1990.

Nicaragua, Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (de, fr, it)

Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland, Dodis