Member States

Map of Europe with the EU- and EEA-countries and the EU membership candidates
Europe today © DEA
The 28 EU Member States
Country Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2) Seats Europ. Parliament Votes Council EU
Austria 1995 8.8 83'879 18 10
Belgium* 1957 11.4 30'528 21 12
Bulgaria 2007 7.1 110'370 17 10
Croatia 2013 4.1 56'594 11 7
Cyprus 2004 0.9 9'251 6 4
Czech Republic 2004 10.6 78'868 21 12
Denmark 1973 5.8 42'924 13 7
Estonia 2004 1.3 45'227 6 4
Finland 1995 5.5 338'446 13 7
France* 1957 66.9 633'187 74 29
Germany* 1957 82.8 357'376 96 29
Greece 1981 10.7 131'957 21 12
Hungary 2004 9.8 93'011 21 12
Irland 1973 4.8 69'797 11 7
Italy* 1957 60.5 302'073 70 29
Latvia 2004 1.9 64'573 8 4
Lithuania 2004 2.8 65'286 11 7
Luxembourg* 1957 0.6 2'586 6 4
Malta 2004 0.5 315 6 3
Netherlands* 1957 17.2 41'542 26 13
Poland 2004 38 312'679 51 27
Portugal 1986 10.3 92'226 21 12
Romania 2007 19.5 238'391 32 14
Sweden 1995 10.1 438'574 19 10
Slovakia 2004 5.4 49'035 13 7
Slovenia 2004 2.1 20'273 8 4
Spain 1986 46.7 505'944 54 27
United Kingdom 1973 66.3 248'528 73 29
Total    512.4 4'463'440 747 352
* Founding Member
The 28 EU Member States
EU Applicant Countries
Country Planned Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Albania - 2.9 28'748
Northmacedonia - 2.1 25'713
Montenegro - 0.6 13'812
Serbia - 7.0 77'474
Turkey - 80.8 780'580
Total - 93.4 926'327
EU Applicant Countries
Pontential EU Applicant Countries
Country Planned Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Bosnia and Herzegovina - 3.5 51'129
Kosovo - 1.8 10'877
Total   5.3 62'006
Pontential EU Applicant Countries
The 31 EEA Member States (28 EU States + 3 only EEA States)
Country Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Iceland 1994* 0.4 103'000
Liechtenstein 1994*  0.04 160
Norway 1994*  5.3 384'802
28 EU States -   512.4 4'463'440
Total -   518.14 4'951'402
*Coming into force of EEA Agreement
The 31 EEA Member States (28 EU States + 3 only EEA States)
The 4 EFTA Member States
Country Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Iceland 1970 0.3 103'000
Liechtenstein 1991 0.04 160
Norway 1960 5.3 384'802
Switzerland 1960 8.4 41'285
Total -   14.04 529'247
The 4 EFTA Member States