Member States

Map of Europe with the EU- and EEA-countries and the EU membership candidates
Europe today © DEA
The 27 EU Member States
Country Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2) Seats Europ. Parliament
Austria 1995 8.9 83'879 19
Belgium* 1957 11.4 30'528 21
Bulgaria 2007 7 110'370 17
Croatia 2013 4.1 56'594 12
Cyprus 2004 0.9 9'251 6
Czech Republic 2004 10.6 78'868 21
Denmark 1973 5.8 42'924 14
Estonia 2004 1.3 45'227 7
Finland 1995 5.5 338'446 14
France* 1957 67 633'187 79
Germany* 1957 83 357'376 96
Greece 1981 10.7 131'957 21
Hungary 2004 9.8 93'011 21
Irland 1973 4.9 69'797 13
Italy* 1957 60.4 302'073 76
Latvia 2004 1.9 64'573 8
Lithuania 2004 2.8 65'286 11
Luxembourg* 1957 0.6 2'586 6
Malta 2004 0.5 315 6
Netherlands* 1957 17.3 41'542 29
Poland 2004 38 312'679 52
Portugal 1986 10.3 92'226 21
Romania 2007 19.4 238'391 33
Sweden 1995 10.2 438'574 21
Slovakia 2004 5.5 49'035 14
Slovenia 2004 2.1 20'273 8
Spain 1986 47 505'944 59
Total    446.9 4'214'912 705
* Founding Member
The 27 EU Member States
EU Applicant Countries
Country Planned Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Albania - 2.9 28'748
Northmacedonia - 2.1 25'713
Montenegro - 0.6 13'812
Serbia - 7.0 77'474
Turkey - 82.0 780'580
Total - 94.6 926'327
EU Applicant Countries
Pontential EU Applicant Countries
Country Planned Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Bosnia and Herzegovina - 3.5 51'129
Kosovo - 1.8 10'877
Total   5.3 62'006
Pontential EU Applicant Countries
The 30 EEA Member States (27 EU States + 3 only EEA States)
Country Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Iceland 1994* 0.4 103'000
Liechtenstein 1994*  0.04 160
Norway 1994*  5.3 384'802
27 EU States -   446.9 4'214'912
Total -   452.64 4'702'874
*Coming into force of EEA Agreement
The 30 EEA Member States (27 EU States + 3 only EEA States)
The 4 EFTA Member States
Country Accession Population (in mio) Area (km2)
Iceland 1970 0.3 103'000
Liechtenstein 1991 0.04 160
Norway 1960 5.3 384'802
Switzerland 1960 8.4 41'285
Total -   14.04 529'247
The 4 EFTA Member States