Ein auf die Ursachen von Fragilität und die Stärkung der Widerstandskraft ausgerichteter Ansatz

Die Schweiz hat ihre Unterstützung für fragile und konfliktbetroffene Regionen deutlich ausgebaut. Mit der Botschaft zur internationalen Zusammenarbeit 2017–2020 wurde die bilaterale Hilfe für fragile Länder um 50% erhöht.

Die Mittel werden für die Bekämpfung der Konfliktursachen, die Stärkung der Zivilgesellschaft, die Achtung der Menschenrechte und die Förderung einer verantwortungsvollen Regierungsführung auf nationaler und lokaler Ebene eingesetzt.

Die DEZA ist in mehreren Ländern und Regionen tätig, die von latenten oder offenen Konflikten sowie von einem oder mehreren Aspekten der Fragilität betroffen sind: namentlich in Afghanistan, Nordafrika, Burundi, am Horn von Afrika, in Haiti, Mali, Myanmar und Nepal.

Neue Wege in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

2015 haben die UNO-Mitgliedstaaten die Agenda 2030 für nachhaltige Entwicklung und ihre Ziele verabschiedet. Ziel 16 stellt eine direkte Verbindung zwischen friedlichen, inklusiven Gesellschaften und starken Institutionen und der nachhaltigen Entwicklung her. Der Frieden wird also zu einem legitimen Entwicklungsthema erklärt und dadurch wird der in Busan von der internationalen Gemeinschaft verabschiedete «New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States» umgesetzt.

Es gibt zahlreiche Gründe, die einen besonderen Einsatz in fragilen Kontexten rechtfertigen, auch wenn damit höhere Risiken verbunden sind. Dazu gehören humanitäre Überlegungen, das Ziel einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung und die Verbesserung der globalen Sicherheit. Diese Anstrengungen stehen im Einklang mit den grossen internationalen Agenden für Frieden, Menschlichkeit und Menschenrechte. Mit diesem Engagement wird schliesslich anerkannt, dass es kontextspezifische Aktivitäten braucht, die jedoch auch nicht die ganze Komplexität ausser Acht lassen.

Die Bekämpfung der Fragilität erlaubt es, jene Menschen zu erreichen, die am ehesten Gefahr laufen, zurückgelassen zu werden

Am stärksten gefährdet sind Gemeinschaften, die von anhaltenden bewaffneten Konflikten und anderen Formen der Gewalt betroffen sind, die keinen Zugang zur Justiz haben, die hoher Korruption ausgesetzt sind, deren Menschenrechte missachtet werden oder deren Institutionen ausschliessend und nicht rechenschaftspflichtig sind.

Fragile Länder bildeten schon bei der Erreichung der Millenniumsentwicklungsziele (2015) das Schlusslicht. Nun laufen sie Gefahr, auch bei der Umsetzung der Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung (SDG) bis 2030 vergessen zu gehen. Indem die verschiedenen Formen von Fragilität angegangen werden, werden auch diese Bevölkerungsgruppen erreicht, namentlich die am verwundbarsten.

Dokumente

Aktuelle Projekte

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Support to Dealing with the Past Roadmap implementation in Nepal

01.04.2022 - 31.03.2026

Switzerland contributes to peace and stability in Nepal by addressing the root causes of the conflict. A Dealing with Past Roadmap ensures that actors and institutions fulfill their responsibilities towards the four pillars of Transitional Justice- truth, justice, reparations and non-recurrence. The conflict victims will participate in the process and benefit from the delivery of needed services within the federal state structure.


Contribution to the country office of UN Human Rights in Honduras (United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights)

01.01.2022 - 30.06.2024

UN Human Rights has established itself as the principal point of reference for critically positioning human rights in the public and political agenda of Honduras. It will continue to strive to provide protection of individuals and communities whose rights are at risk or denied, while also working to further develop institutions, laws and policies that effectively protect human rights. This will contribute to rule of law and providing the necessary framework for equitable and sustainable development.


Enabling development through landmine clearance in the Sengwe Wildlife Corridor

01.11.2021 - 31.10.2023

Switzerland will contribute to achieve Zimbabwe’s 2025 landmine-free deadline by supporting a demining operation in the Sengwe Wildlife Corridor. The project implemented by APOPO seeks to return 84% of the remaining suspected contaminated area to local communities which will be used for agricultural development, ecotourism, and conservation, as well as to provide mine risk education so that food security is enhanced, general wellbeing is improved, and accidents are avoided.


Trans-Border Dialogue for Peace in the Great Lakes Region

01.09.2021 - 31.08.2026

Jointly with the European Union, Switzerland supports a trans-border dialogue for peace in the Great Lakes Region, a program run by Interpeace with local NGOs. This third phase will focus on young women and young men as key drivers for peace and stability in the region and expand its activities to Uganda to further tackle the regionality of conflicts in the region. This will contribute to a better promotion of peace, good governance and concrete consensus-based solutions, in the region. 


Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (SDG 16), Phase 3 (Contribution 21 – 23) Formerly: Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies

01.05.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland has a strategic interest in shaping the global dialogue on development and peace. The Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG16) on “Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies” provides a unique opportunity. This is why Switzerland is contributing to three initiatives advocating complementarily at the global and national levels, increasing poltical engagement and financial means to advance reforms and good governance, while leaving no one behind.   


Intelligence Sector Reform Programme

01.04.2021 - 31.03.2026

The aim is to build the capacity of members of intelligence services, as well as relevant oversight and control bodies to ensure that surveillance measures by intelligence services in Macedonia are conducted in accordance with international standards of accountability and respect for human rights. To achieve this, the project will train and provide expertise to members of intelligence services, relevant parliamentary oversight committees and the judiciary, and will support the review and redrafting of relevant laws and regulations.


Joint Peace Fund

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2027

After 60 years of conflict, the government and 8 Ethnic Armed Groups have signed a National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) in October 2015, opening up a unique opportunity to find lasting peace. The Joint Peace Fund is a multi-donor fund set up to channel coordinated international support for such efforts, including the implementation of the NCA and following political dialogue of the peace process, a requirement for development especially in border areas.


Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (Sustainable Develoment Goal 16+)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

The promotion of peaceful, just and inclusive societies (SDG16) is integral to the success of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development. In order to accelerate its implementation, a group of UN Member States are coming together to leveraging intersections within the Agenda (16+) and to accelerate national and international implementation, while building a movement of the willing around three grand challenges. Switzerland is a co-convener, a member and a donor to this initiative.


Skills for Local Economic Development SLED

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

Switzerland will explore opportunities for supporting local economic development through vocational skills development in predominantly rural areas in Southern Shan. A focus on market-oriented skills opportunities accessible to young women and men, especially from vulnerable groups will be identified that open life-long learning opportunities to improve livelihood options and support peace building and security in conflict-affected areas.


OHCHR - Strategic Partnership with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

16.11.2020 - 31.12.2023

Promoting respect for human rights is a foreign policy goal and pillar of Swiss international cooperation, as the denial of human rights is one of the main factors of poverty. With a multi-year contribution to the Geneva-based Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, focussing on selected geographic and thematic priorities, SDC will support this organisation to better play its key role in integrating human rights in sustainable development.


Contribution to the Geneva Water Hub: a springboard in Geneva for the Global Blue Peace movement

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023

The Geneva Water Hub (GWH) is a global centre working towards the prevention and solving of water-related tensions and conflicts, and the promotion of stability through water cooperation. It produces innovative knowledge and provides scientific networking for various actors to be used in decision-making processes. It also offers a space for dialogue and a global observatory for water and peace. The SDC contribution to the GWH aims at spearheading the Blue Peace movement, embodying two recognized competences of Switzerland: water expertise and peace mediation.


Implementation Maputo Peace Accord

01.07.2020 - 31.12.2021

As chair of the Contact Group, mediator and main donor to the peace process in Mozambique, Switzerland has played a key role so far, leading to the successful Peace Accord (MPA) between the ruling party (Frelimo) and the opposing party (Renamo) in August 2019. It will continue this engagement with the support of the implementation of this Agreement which focusses on Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reinsertion (DDR) of the ex-combatants and reconciliation and enhanced decentralisation. 

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