Korruptionsbekämpfung – ein zentrales Entwicklungshemmnis beseitigen

Grafik: Zwei Hände treffen sich von links und rechts zu einem Händedruck, wobei die eine Hand einen zusammengefalteten Geldschein festhält.
Die DEZA bekämpft verschiedene Erscheinungsformen der Korruption – beispielsweise Schmiergeldzahlungen für medizinische Behandlungen. © DEZA

Korruption behindert die Entwicklung: Wichtige Finanzmittel gehen verloren, das Vertrauen der Bevölkerung in den Staat schwindet, und es verbreitet sich ein Gefühl von Ohnmacht und Ungerechtigkeit, das zu Konflikten führen kann. Arme und verletzliche Bevölkerungsgruppen sind besonders betroffen, weil sie sich die Bestechungsgelder für öffentliche Dienstleistungen nicht leisten können. Daher bekämpft die DEZA die Korruption mit Nachdruck. 

Die Korruptionsbekämpfung ist ein zentrales Anliegen der Schweiz und elementarer Bestandteil der Förderung der guten Regierungsführung. Im Zentrum stehen das transparente, verantwortungsbewusste staatliche Handeln, aber auch die Sanktionierung von Fehlverhalten.

Das Ziel besteht darin, dass öffentliche Mittel wirkungsvoll und effizient für die Entwicklung eines Landes genutzt werden und das Vertrauen zwischen Staat und Bevölkerung gestärkt wird. Staatliche Institutionen und politische Prozesse sollen nicht länger durch korrupte Praktiken untergraben werden. Gerechtere Spielregeln können dazu beitragen, Spannungen zu reduzieren. 

Fokus und Vorgehen

Die DEZA bekämpft alltägliche Dimensionen der Korruption, die den Alltag der Bevölkerung prägen (z.B. Schmiergeldzahlungen für medizinische Behandlungen), aber auch die Korruption im grossen Stil, wo grosse Summen und mächtige Vertreter aus Politik und Wirtschaft involviert sind. Sie verfolgt eine duale Strategie, indem sie Korruptionsbekämpfung mit expliziten Programmen, aber auch als integralen Bestandteil der Programmarbeit in anderen Themenbereichen unterstützt. Sämtliche Facetten werden angesprochen: von Bestechung und Schmiergeldzahlungen, Betrug und Veruntreuung bis zu Vetternwirtschaft, unrechtmässigen Preisabsprachen und Erpressung.

Null-Toleranz-Politik

Ist die DEZA von Korruption betroffen, werden weitere Zahlungen in der Regel bis zur erfolgten juristischen Abklärung sistiert. Zudem wird stets angestrebt, veruntreute Mittel wieder zurückzuerhalten.

Wohin können Sie sich im Verdachtsfall wenden?

Das Compliance Office des EDA ist beauftragt, interne und externe Meldungen über Korruptions- und Missbrauchsfälle in den von der DEZA finanzierten Aktivitäten entgegen zu nehmen. 

Compliance Office des EDA – Korruption, Veruntreuung und Missbrauch melden 

Alternativ können auch Verdachtsfälle bei der Eidgenössischen Finanzkontrolle EFK auf der Plattform der Whistleblowing-Meldestelle gemeldet werden.

Whistleblowing-Plattform, Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle EFK

Aktuelle Projekte

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Better Planning for Albania's Government

Meeting of the Government of Albania.

01.01.2012 - 31.12.2020

Albania’s economy, public finance, and debt remain areas of concern as the government tries to keep positive growth and stability in a challenging context. Although capacities for policy and financial planning have improved, there still is a need for better performance, monitoring and integrated planning. Since 2005 a group of donors including Switzerland introduced the Integrated Planning System, a tool that aids the government in strategy planning while observing budget constraints.

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Albania
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Decentralisation - local governance - democratization (incl. accountability)
Public financial management (including activities against corruption)
Public financial management (including activities against corruption)
GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETY
GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETY
Public finance management
Decentralisation and support to subnational government (incl. accountability)
Public finance management

01.01.2012 - 31.12.2020


CHF 1'375'000



Support to the DPCG (Development Partners’ Coordination Group) Secretariat in Rwanda

15.09.2016 - 15.09.2019

Switzerland and the UK, in an effort to facilitate a broad and fruitful development policy dialogue in Rwanda, will dedicate financial resources towards a UNDP support to the line ministry in charge of aid coordination. It entails, on the one hand, carrying out analytical research leading to evidence-based policy decision, and, on the other hand, the efficient management of the Development Partners’ Coordination Group (DPCG) Secretariat.


PRODEL – Programme to strengthen municipal capacities for local development

01.04.2016 - 31.03.2020

PRODEL is part of the Cuban decentralization reform process that seeks to build the capacities of local government representatives in local development management and assist them in formulating and implementing Municipal Development Strategies (EDMs) as a tool to maximize local resources and improve local services.


Local Governance Program Nicaragua-APIM

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2019

The final phase aims to capitalize and to transfer best practices of public investment cycle into national norms. The program will smoothly phase out the earmarked budget support to 15 municipalities in order to i) strengthen capacities to manage municipal investments plans for rural feeder roads and basic services; and ii) ensure sustainability, inclusive governance and transparency. Best practices and experiences will be documented and disseminated.


Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative of World Bank Group and UN Office on Drugs and Crime

16.12.2015 - 30.12.2019

Asset recovery is an important priority on the global agenda. Demand for expertise on asset recovery remains high around the world. Asset recovery is a priority for SDC, the Message 2014-2017 and Switzerland as a financial center with its pioneering role in general. This contribution will support the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR). StAR is a partnership between the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) that supports international efforts to end safe havens for corrupt funds.


Zimbabwe Reconstruction Fund (ZimRef)

01.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Zimbabwe Reconstruction Fund is a multi-donor trust fund that supports the Government of Zimbabwe in its reconstruction and development efforts in particular by strengthening the Zimbabwean public finance management and accountability system for improved service delivery, including in the health sector. The fund, with its management mechanism, is currently a key instrument of dialogue and experience sharing between the donors and the Government of Zimbabwe.


Strengthening Oversight Function and Transparency of the Parliament

01.11.2015 - 31.10.2019

To benefit Citizens whom they represent, parliamentarians have an important stake in law making including accurate consultation mechanisms. Equally important is their oversight function over the executive's expenditures. Also, the representation of Citizens as per their political power and regional affiliation reflects important features of an effective parliament. The intervention will address identified shortcomings both in the National Assembly as well as in local assemblies of Serbia, thus enhancing their democratic legitimation.


Anti-Corruption Support

01.05.2015 - 31.03.2020

This intervention aims at fostering an institutional and social environment that is increasingly adverse to corruption. Support to reform-oriented “duty bearers” – by strengthening the technical and procedural capacities of the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB) - will be combined with activities enhancing collective action by supporting the private sector for a more transparent business environment and a multi-media campaign inspiring behaviour change of citizens (“right holders”) to strengthen integrity.


Good financial governance – accountability and mobilisation of state revenue

01.02.2015 - 30.04.2020

The project will address the challenge of efficient allocation of resources and lack of accountability in the financial management of public bodies. It plans to do so by improving external and internal audits, increasing local revenue mobilisation and strengthening local government-citizen dialogue on transparency and accountability issues. The project will be implemented by the GIZ and is funded by the European Union, Germany and Switzerland.


Strengthening Social Accountability and Oversight in Health and Agriculture

01.11.2014 - 30.06.2019

This project aims to contribute to the equitable, effective and accountable allocation and use of public resources for health and agriculture in SADC countries by addressing social accountability in a systemic approach in strengthening the roles of relevant parliamentary committees, civil society organizations, smallholder farmer organisations and the media. The first phase of the project will focus on Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia.


Transparency International Bangladesh: Building Integrity Blocks for Effective Change

01.10.2014 - 30.09.2020

Transparency International Bangladesh promotes improved governance in selected institutions of integrity (parliament, judiciary, etc.) and five sectors providing basic services to the people (education, health, local governance, land, climate finance) as well as it strengthens its grassroots movement in order to reduce corruption for the benefit of the poor and the marginalised.


Skills for Employment Investment Program (SEIP)

01.08.2014 - 30.06.2020

260’000 unskilled youth and adults will be skill-trained, 70% of whom will be placed in decent jobs through partnerships with industries and private training providers in six economic growth sectors of Bangladesh. By creating the foundations for a sector-wide approach, the Skills for Employment Investment Program (SEIP) will bring the currently fragmented skills development sector under one coordinated management and funding mechanism

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