Switzerland’s performance compared with other countries
The Development Assistance Committee of the OECD regularly publishes the key figures of its member countries in international cooperation. The Official Development Assistance as a percentage of the Gross National Income provides the benchmark upon which the comparison is made.
Update of 11th April 2019
Official development assistance (ODA) from member countries of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) totalled USD 153 billion in 2018. ODA was first calculated in 2018 on the grant-equivalent basis newly adopted by the OECD, which measures the eligible part of loans according to their concessionality.
In view of exchange rates and inflation and applying, for comparison, the methodology based on allocation on a cash basis previously used, this represents a 2.7% decrease in 2018. This decrease reflects the reduction in the number of asylum seekers inside Europe; excluding in-donor refugee costs, ODA remained stable.
Among the twenty-nine DAC member countries, in 2018 ODA in real terms rose in seventeen and fell in twelve, including Switzerland. Five countries achieved the target set by the United Nations of an ODA/Gross national income (GNI) ratio of 0,7% (Sweden, Luxembourg, Norway, Denmark, United Kingdom).
The Swiss ODA/GNI ratio is 0.44% in 2018, down for the second consecutive year. This decrease results from the combined effect of the GNI growth, the reduction of in-donor refugee costs and the Confederation’s austerity measures adopted by the Parliament. Switzerland’s ODA/GNI ratio is this year below the average of DAC-EU countries (0.47%).
However, Switzerland stays at the 8th position in the international ranking comparing the ODA/GNI ratio of all DAC member countries. In terms of financial volume, the largest donors are the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan and France. Switzerland falls from the 11th to 12th place in absolute numbers.