Switzerland’s official development assistance (ODA) comprises contributions from the federal government, cantons and communes that are meant to facilitate the economic and social development of recipient countries. ODA is recorded in accordance with the international directives of the OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC).
Swiss official development assistance
Development of Swiss official development assistance (ODA) and NGO donations 1960 – 2019 (million CHF)
|Cantons and municipalities a||..||3.6||6.4||15.8||22.3||47.6||66.3||64.0||65.0|
|Gross national income (GNI) b||37'066||92'570||177'270||347'228||463'558||610'174||658'642||691'417||693'700|
|ODA as % of GNI||0.04%||0.14%||0.24%||0.30%||0.33 %||0.39%||0.47%||0.44%||0.44%|
|ODA without in-donor refugee costs as % of GNI||0.04%||0.14%||0.24%||0.30%||0.32 %||0.33%||0.42%||0.40%||0.40%|
|ODA Confederation as % of expenditures by the Confederation||0.56%||1.59%||2.34%||3.24%||2.83 %||3.97%||4.44%||4.20%||4.21%|
|ODA as % of public spending c||0.23%||0.64%||0.90%||1.20%||1.23 %||1.60%||1.82%||1.76%||1.74%|
|Private NGO donations||..||50.8||106.6||148.6||272.0||431.6||539.7||540.0||..|
|Private NGO donations as % of GNI||..||0.05%||0.06%||0.04%||0.06 %||0.07%||0.08%||0.08%||..|
a Estimate for 2019
b Figures of the Federal Statistical Office (FSO) based on the previous European system of accounts (ESA95) up to 2012. GNI figures for 2013 to 2018 based on the new European system of accounts (ESA2010), estimate from FSO (August 2019). GNI 2019 based on the GDP estimates of SECO (March 2020) and the factor incomes of BAK Economics (January 2020).
c General government outlays, after elimination of double countings (FSO/FFA).
Data status as at 16 April 2020
Source: SDC Statistics Unit
Switzerland's ODA 2019
In 2019, Switzerland spent CHF 3.074 billion on ODA, CHF 42 million more than in the previous year. The ratio of ODA to gross national income – the ODA/GNI rate – stood at 0.44% in 2019, unchanged from 2018. This rate is below the average of 0.48% estimated for the period of the Dispatch on Switzerland's International Cooperation 2017–20 and below the 0.5% target set by Parliament in 2011. This is mainly due to lower asylum-related costs included in ODA reporting and cost-cutting measures in Switzerland's international cooperation credit lines adopted by the Federal Council and Parliament in 2016 and 2017.
Development of Swiss ODA 2004 – 2019 (in CHF million)
Switzerland's international cooperation is implemented mainly by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Economic Cooperation and Development Division of the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), the two bodies which are charged with executing the Federal Act on International Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid and the Federal Act on Cooperation with Eastern European Countries. Spending by the SDC and SECO accounted for about 80% of ODA expenditure in 2019.
In accordance with DAC reporting rules, Switzerland also declares as ODA the costs of receiving asylum seekers, temporarily admitted persons and refugees from developing countries during their first 12 months in Switzerland. These costs include the flat rate contributions paid by the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) to the cantons (CHF 107 million), the occupation programmes and the costs of the Swiss Confederation's registration centres (CHF 144 million), legal representation fees (CHF 18 million), interpreters/translators (CHF 8 million) and the costs borne by the cantons for the education of the children of asylum seekers (CHF 6 million). These costs remained stable compared to 2018 and constitute 9% of total ODA for 2019.
Other federal bodies are also involved in Switzerland's international cooperation, including the Human Security Division (HSD), which is responsible for the promotion of peace and human rights, and the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN).
The part of Switzerland’s ODA expenditure provided by the cantons and communes remained flat at 2%.