ICRC - International Committee of the Red Cross – Core Contribution

Project completed

Protect the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflict, provide them with assistance and prevent suffering by promoting international humanitarian law and principles: this is the mission of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Switzerland’s most important international humanitarian partner, the ICRC receives nearly one third of SDC’s financial resources for humanitarian aid.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Global
Humanitarian Assistance & DRR
Human rights
Material relief assistance
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)
01.01.2015 - 31.12.2015
CHF 80'000'000
Area of responsibility

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflicts and other situations of violence and to provide them with assistance. The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and universal humanitarian principles. 

As the custodian of the Geneva Conventions, the ICRC has a permanent mandate under international law to visit prisons, organize relief operations, reunite separated families and undertake other humanitarian activities during armed conflicts.

Switzerland's and the organisation's strategic priorities and their coherence

The ICRC is among the most important partners of Switzerland in the implementation of the core mandate of its Humanitarian Aid. The ICRC’s work to promote and safeguard the respect for IHL as well as to strengthen the protection of civilian populations in armed conflict is highly consistent with Swiss strategic priorities.

Results of the organisation's previous engagement

The ICRC serves its unique mandate to ensure protection and assistance for victims of conflict very effectively and plays a critical role in the delivery of humanitarian objectives.  Of great importance is also ICRC’s advocacy role to promote respect for international humanitarian law (IHL) and the right of all humanitarian actors to access and assist people affected by conflict. In accordance with its mandate to protect victims of armed conflicts, the ICRC clearly put a lot of effort into contributing to the development and clarification of IHL, promotion of law as well as promoting compliance with and better understanding of IHL. By addressing basic needs it contributes to conflict prevention and resolution.

Medium-term outcome of organisation's current engagement

ICRC is appreciated because it is a result-oriented organization that responds rapidly to emergencies and humanitarian needs, drawing on its extensive reach, logistic capabilities and field presence.

Effect in Switzerland

Switzerland has been appreciated (by ICRC and the donor community) for its expertise and efforts put into joint ICRC-Switzerland initiatives, like the Montreux Document, compliance initiatives, activities/events organised around the “150 years of humanitarian action” and active discussions around new warfare trends.

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Humanitarian aid
Project partners Contract partner
Other International Organization
  • International Committee of the Red Cross


Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF   80'000'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF   80'000'000
Switzerland's ranking in the DonorOrder

3rd (total contribution), 1st for contribution to ICRC seat in Geneva.

Donors

Top 10: USA, GB, SWI, European Commission, SWE, NOR, GER, NED, CAN, AUS

Coordination with other projects and actors

Switzerland is contributing financially and strategically to the work of the other members of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement; the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, and the Swiss National Red Cross Society. Switzerland is also contributing strongly to the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, which is the movement’s highest body of governance.

Project phases

Phase 14 01.01.2015 - 31.12.2015   (Completed)

The ICRC is impartial, neutral and independent. Its humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflicts and other situations of violence and to provide them with assistance. The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening International Humanitarian Law and universal humanitarian principles.

Established in 1863, the ICRC is at the origin of the Geneva Conventions and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It directs and coordinates the international activities conducted by the Movement in armed conflicts and other situations of violence.

Themes

The ICRC’s main activities include:

  • search for missing persons
  • facilitate information exchange among family members separated by conflict
  • facilitate family reunions and visits to detainees
  • safeguard healthcare, water and nutrition during emergencies
  • ensure economic security
  • promote the respect of law

Results: Privileged humanitarian access

Due to its particular mandate, its internationally recognized professionalism and respect for humanitarian principles, the ICRC is one of the few organizations with a privileged humanitarian access in situations of armed conflict. During crises the ICRC is often one of the only organisations able to operate in areas inaccessible to other organizations.

Together with the local Red Crescent or Red Cross organizations, the ICRC assists the population while providing them with safe water, food, health and basic necessities. At the same time, the ICRC carries out its protection activities, namely visiting detainees and restoring family links.

Switzerland’s commitment

Nearly one third of the budget of Switzerland’s humanitarian aid is allocated to the ICRC, making Switzerland the fourth most important ICRC-donor in 2016.

Switzerland is not only depositary state of the Geneva Conventions that form the basis of the ICRC’s work, it also supports the ICRC in its efforts to respond to the continuously evolving humanitarian challenges, to promote respect for humanitarian principles and to strengthen International Humanitarian Law. Switzerland’s support for and partnership with the ICRC also ensures its timely and effective response to emergencies, the protection of civilians and the provision of health care in the field.

The ICRC is the SDC’s most important humanitarian partner and their activities often complement each other. Upon request of the ICRC, SDC nominates members of the Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit for specific missions, while the SDC can rely on the extensive network of the ICRC and its national entities to fulfil its mandate during crises. In addition to regular meetings, the two bodies meet during emergencies to exchange information.

Results: Focus on the most urgent needs

When allocating its funds, the Humanitarian Aid of SDC takes into consideration the needs of civilians within an affected country as well as the needs of those who have fled to neighbouring countries. Since the Syrian crisis began in March 2011, millions of people have fled to Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey.  In Iraq, Yemen, Afghanistan and Ukraine, millions of people are caught up in a spiral of violence. On the African continent, there are armed conflicts in the Great Lakes region, the Sahel and Lake Chad region. Swiss Humanitarian Aid supports ICRC aid activities in these countries and regions.

Challenges

The Humanitarian Aid of SDC provides financial support to ICRC operations. Whenever possible they work together when the two organisations are present in the field during a crisis.

On a policy level, the ICRC often requests Switzerland’s involvement in diplomatic initiatives. This primarily involves mediation activities or peace negotiations between parties involved in a conflict. As a neutral country Switzerland is well-suited for this purpose.

Switzerland and the ICRC also collaborate on joint initiatives, such as the Swiss-ICRC initiative to strengthen compliance with international humanitarian law. This initiative aims to provide legal protection to all victims of armed conflicts. Such initiatives also include the facilitation of humanitarian access and the definition of regulations for private military and security contractors.