Albania

Switzerland supports Albania in the development of a democratic society, a competitive economy, and in the country’s integration into European structures. Switzerland‘s support is focused on governance, economic development and health care as well as urban infrastructure and energy.

Map of Albania
© FDFA

Although poverty has decreased in Albania, the country is still confronted with major structural problems. High unemployment, especially among young people, and its insufficiently developed private sector are hampering economic development and encouraging emigration. The country must continue its efforts to establish genuine rule of law and step up the fight against corruption and organised crime. It has made initial progress, however, in democratisation and reform of the judiciary, and it has been recognised as a candidate for membership of the European Union.

Democratisation, decentralisation and local governance

Switzerland is supporting institutional reforms and encouraging democratisation and decentralisation. By promoting regional development and strengthening local authorities, it is also encouraging civil society to play a more active role in decision-making processes. Switzerland is also actively working to ensure access to good-quality local public services, in particular for disadvantaged population groups such as the Roma.

State and Economic Reforms 

Economic development

Swiss support for strengthening the management of public finances, monetary policy and the supervision of the financial sector is contributing directly to improving the macroeconomic situation in Albania. Thanks to targeted measures to improve the overall legal framework and access for private companies to markets, Switzerland is contributing to the growth of the job market. Switzerland is also involved in providing attractive vocational training opportunities for young Albanians that is more up to date and better adapted to meet job-market demands.

Private Sector Development and Financial Services

Urban infrastructure and energy

By combining measures to strengthen institutions and investment at the local level, Switzerland is encouraging the provision of good-quality public services in Albania. To this end, Switzerland is supporting efforts to improve urban infrastructure as well as the supply and proper management of drinking water and wastewater; it is also active in promoting greater energy efficiency. The Albanian authorities are being supported in the negotiations on the management of the Trans Adriatic pipeline through Albania.

State and Economic Reforms

Health

Switzerland is strengthening basic health services for the Albanian population by supporting national reforms and helping to improve management, equip medical facilities and support continuous training for health personnel. Swiss efforts also include preventive measures to reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, raising awareness of health issues among the general public and holding healthcare providers to account. This contributes to improving access for marginalised and vulnerable population groups to health services.

Health 

History of cooperation

From humanitarian aid to transition assistance 

Swiss cooperation with the countries of Eastern Europe began working in Albania in 1992. Since 1997, the SDC has been represented with a cooperation office in Tirana. The major humanitarian operations that were conducted in the years immediately following the collapse of the communist system have since been replaced by technical and financial cooperation projects in support of transition. 

Current projects

Object 1 – 12 of 30

Developing Skills for Better Employment

A student screwing a solar panel together.

15.12.2014 - 31.12.2018

Unequal access to employment and the mismatch between education and labour market requirements are among the reasons for the high youth-unemployment in Albania. The Vocational Education and Training (VET) system therefore is undergoing a reorientation in order to meet labour market needs. Through the Skills Development for Employment Programme Switzerland is supporting these reforms.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Albania
Education
Economy and Employment
Vocational training and skills development
Labor market development
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)
EDUCATION
OTHER SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETY
Vocational training
Employment policy and administrative management
Human rights

15.12.2014 - 31.12.2018


CHF 3'000'000



Supporting Decentralisation and Local Government

Albanian women visiting the Bushat municipal office.

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2018


Switzerland supports Albania's transition to a democratic society. The decentralisation and local development programme (dldp) strengthens local government in North Albania and disseminates best practices at national level. It has introduced new models for local government functioning in areas such as waste management, public finance management, and e-governance.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Albania
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Decentralisation - local governance - democratization (incl. accountability)
GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETY
Decentralisation and support to subnational government (incl. accountability)

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2018


CHF 9'620'000



Increasing the Quality of Health Services for All

15.10.2013 - 31.12.2018


Albania has the lowest public health spending in the region. Many patients bypass primary health care and overcrowd hospitals, especially in larger cities. In addition, non-communicable diseases are increasing at an alarming rate. Therefore health promotion, prevention of diseases and improved primary health care services are a top priority for the country.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Albania
Health
Health system strengthening
Non-communicable diseases, incl. Mental health
Primary health care
Non-communicable diseases, incl. Mental health
Primary health care
HEALTH
HEALTH
HEALTH
Health policy and administrative management
Medical services
Basic health care
Medical services
Basic health care

15.10.2013 - 31.12.2018


CHF 10'000'000



Making Labour Market Work for Young People in Albania

01.07.2012 - 31.10.2017

An estimated 34% of Albania's youth are unemployed or underemployed. The main causes of this situation are low labour demand, ineffective job matching services and lack of skills. Youth employment is a priority and the Swiss-supported project “Making Labour Market work for Young People” - RisiAlbania - responds to this issue by promoting entry into the labour market.

 

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Albania
Labor market development
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) development
OTHER SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
INDUSTRY
Employment policy and administrative management
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) development

01.07.2012 - 31.10.2017


CHF 5'100'000



Better Planning for Albania's Government

Meeting of the Government of Albania.

01.01.2012 - 31.12.2018

Albania’s economy, public finance, and debt remain areas of concern as the government tries to keep positive growth and stability in a challenging context. Although capacities for policy and financial planning have improved, there still is a need for better performance, monitoring and integrated planning. Since 2005 a group of donors including Switzerland introduced the Integrated Planning System, a tool that aids the government in strategy planning while observing budget constraints.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Albania
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Decentralisation - local governance - democratization (incl. accountability)
Public financial management (including activities against corruption)
Public financial management (including activities against corruption)
GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETY
GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETY
Public finance management
Decentralisation and support to subnational government (incl. accountability)
Public finance management

01.01.2012 - 31.12.2018


CHF 1'375'000



Making Labour Market Work for Young People in Albania

01.11.2017 - 31.10.2021

The Albanian economy has difficulties to absorb young people entering the job market. By addressing all dimensions of employment, namely labor demand, job intermediation and labor supply, RisiAlbania project will apply a comprehensive approach to reduce the high youth unemployment (28.9% in 2016). The project will facilitate private sector growth in targeted sectors, leading to creation of 2200 new jobs, by the end of 2021. lt will contribute to 3000 young people placed in jobs and 7500 youth improved their market-oriented skills.


Strengthening Local Government Structures in Albania

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2019

The project "Strengthening Local Government Structures" helps municipalities in Albania to consolidate modern human resources management and leadership in local administration. lt supports the public administration reform of the Albanian Government in modernizing and depoliticizing public administration, thus complying with the requirements of the European integration agenda of the country. The Albanian School of Public Administration and the Academy of Political Studies will be strengthened as training providers for public administration.


Albania: Leave No One Behind

01.06.2017 - 31.05.2021

320'000 marginalised and vulnerable population of Albania, primarily Roma and people with disabilities, will benefit from improved social services. Currently, the needs of these people are not met by the social protection system. The project supports the implementation at municipal level of the national policy framework developed with Swiss support. So, the entire population will benefit from equal and dignified access to services and resources.


Caritas Schweiz (Kredit Ost)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2018

La stratégie de coopération internationale 2020 de Caritas s’intitule « End Poverty ». Pour y contribuer Caritas Suisse s’engage en faveur de la justice sociale et de la dignité humaine dans 40 pays avec 250 projets. Le programme de Caritas considère trois aspects dans son programme qui permettent la durabilité du développement humain: couvrir les besoins de base, promouvoir la résilience et créer des opportunités d’égalité en améliorant l’équité. Dans sa conception, Caritas considère la coopération au développement et l’aide humanitaire comme intégrées dans une seule démarche.


Solidar Suisse (Kredit Ost)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2018

Solidar Suisse oriente son programme de développement sur les besoins et les droits des personnes vulnérables et défavorisées dans les pays les plus pauvres et dans les pays émergents et en transition où les inégalités sont profondes. Solidar Suisse développe des programmes qui renforcent les mouvements sociaux et promeuvent l’intégration active de la société civile dans les processus politiques. Le « travail décent » est devenu l’élément phare de Solidar Suisse qui a développé une véritable expertise dans cette thématique.


Brot für alle / Pain pour le prochain (Kredit Ost)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2018

En tant qu’organisation de développement des églises protestantes suisses, Pain pour le Prochain a le mandat d’informer et de former, de s’engager dans la politique de développement et d’assurer la qualité. Pain pour le Prochain et les onze œuvres partenaires forment une communauté de coopération (KoGe)[1] qui est un réseau d’apprentissage avec des objectifs spécifiques. Ce réseau permet notamment de joindre le travail de politique de développement en Suisse et le travail au Sud. Son objectif commun est de contribuer à une transformation du système et des comportements économiques, sociaux, politiques et écologiques.

 

[1] Les œuvres sont les suivantes : Pain pour le prochain, cfd (Christlicher Friedensdienst), Mission 21, International Blue cross, Connexio, DM-échange et mission, Heilsarmee, Horyzon, MEB-handicap visuel, SME (service de missions et d’entraide) , Tear Fund Schweiz, HEKS 


Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation (Kredit Ost)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2018

Helvetas s’engage avec ses partenaires pour un développement librement déterminé de personnes et de communautés défavorisées dans les pays en développement et apporte une aide à s’aider par soi-même. Helvetas favorise l’accès équitable aux ressources vitales et la protection des droits sociaux, économiques, politiques, environnementaux et culturels.

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