Burkina Faso

Swiss development cooperation efforts in Burkina Faso are focused on food security and rural development, basic and vocational education and training, and state and economic reforms.

Map of Burkina Faso

Despite an economy growing at about 6% a year, largely thanks to the exploitation of natural resources like gold, cotton and shea, Burkina Faso remains one of the world's poorest countries (ranking 183rd out of 186 countries in the UNDP's human development index). Some 80% of the population grow subsistence crops in family smallholdings.Climatic variation, characterised by long periods of drought interspersed with rainfall that periodically causes floods, has adverse consequences on food security.

The period of transition that began with the departure of former President Blaise Compaoré ended with Roch Kaboré's election as the country's president at the end of November 2015. Security remains a concern in the country's northern region bordering Mali.

Rural development and food security

The vast majority of Burkina Faso's population live and work on family farms. In the field of rural development, Switzerland aims to support the modernisation of family farms, focusing on:

  • animal husbandry
  • market gardening
  • rice cultivation
  • non-wood forest products

Mastering agricultural techniques adapted to their environment and enhancing the value of the products they sell enables local people to earn higher incomes and makes them more resilient in the event of food crises.

By supporting farmers' organisations, the SDC gives livestock producers, farmers and other stakeholders the means to take an active part in political dialogue.

Agriculture and food security

Basic education and vocational training

Although there has been a marked improvement over the last decade, much work remains to be done to ensure universal access to education. Switzerland is focusing its efforts on the diversification of educational opportunities, particularly through:

  • teacher training
  • the production of teaching materials
  • vocational education and training
  • creating alternatives to the school system for people who did not have access to education

The SDC is continuing its support for literacy centres and aims to ensure that all children aged 9 to 14 learn to read and write by 2021.

By channelling the funding of projects through Burkina Faso's local communes, the SDC enables local political actors to strengthen their management capacity. The aim is to decentralise the administration of primary and secondary education by 2021.

Basic education and vocational training

State an Economic Reforms

Burkina Faso enjoys remarkable political stability compared with the rest of West Africa. In order to strengthen the country's political institutions, Switzerland encourages citizens' participation in political life, for example by funding social and political science think tanks, contributing to the proper conduct of elections, and encouraging transparency in the tax system and the trade in raw materials.

Strengthening public services in outlying regions

The Swiss programme focuses on strengthening local stakeholders and helps them strengthen commercial, water and road infrastructures. This enables municipalities to improve their financial, technical and practical capacity to manage resources.

More transparency for a stronger state

The State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) is engaged in political dialogue with the government of Burkina Faso and provides it with budgetary support for the implementation of its poverty-reduction strategy. Swiss support – both SECO's and the SDC's – is helping to strengthen the institutional and organisational capacity of the Ministry of the Economy and Finance, to bring public finances under control, and to fight fraud, forgery and corruption.

State and Economic Reforms

History of cooperation

In the context of the famine that afflicted the Sahel region in the early 1970s, Switzerland opened a cooperation office in Burkina Faso's capital city, Ouagadougou, in 1974. Burkina Faso has been a priority country of the SDC since 1976. Since 1994, SECO has also provided supplementary budget support and other economic assistance. Switzerland also provides humanitarian aid and food assistance directly and through non-governmental organisations. Since 2007, Swiss development cooperation has focused on specific thematic areas.

Current projects

Object 1 – 12 of 21

Giving everyone in Burkina Faso the chance to access basic education

01.12.2012 - 31.08.2017

In Burkina Faso, a third of school-age children – around one million girls and boys – do not have access to education and 70% of the adult population is illiterate. Alternative schooling modules need to be developed for them. Since 2006, the SDC's support for basic education has helped more than one million Burkinabe over 15 years of age learn to read and write.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Burkina Faso
Education
Education policy
Non-formal basic education (including youth and adults life skills and literacy)
Education policy
Non-formal basic education (including youth and adults life skills and literacy)
Formal basic education (primary and lower secondary)
Vocational training and skills development

01.12.2012 - 31.08.2017


CHF 12'500'000



Improving the chance of finding employment thanks to better professional qualifications

A mechanical carpentry centre in Fada N'Gourma, Burkina Faso.

01.07.2012 - 31.08.2017

Although vocational training is the gateway to the world of work and plays a key role in efforts to reduce poverty, access remains difficult for much of the population in many countries. In Burkina Faso, the SDC supports a programme of vocational training in the areas of crafts, agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry. The approach is one of dual apprenticeship based on the Swiss model.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Burkina Faso
Education
Vocational training and skills development
Labor market development
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) development

01.07.2012 - 31.08.2017


CHF 5'000'000



Planned project

Appui à la décentralisation et à la participation citoyenne au Burkina Faso

01.03.2021 - 30.09.2026

La décentralisation permet une meilleure transparence et efficacité dans la gestion des affaires publiques locales. Elle facilite la prise en main des actions de développement par les citoyens. Depuis 2006, le Burkina Faso est organisé en 351 communes et en 13 régions avec actuellement 18'525 élu(e)s locaux, qui manquent de ressources et de capacités pour répondre à leurs responsabilités et aux besoins des citoyens. La Suisse accompagne des communes et 3 régions à jouer leur rôle de fournisseurs de services publics et à mieux gérer les affaires locales dans l’intérêt des communautés.


Programme d’Appui au Financement Adapté à l’Agriculture Familiale (AgriFinance-Burkina)

01.07.2017 - 30.11.2027

L’agriculture burkinabé, malgré son importance (30% du PIB, 86% de la population active et fournit 61,5% des revenus monétaires des ménages agricoles - DGPER, 2010), est confrontée à une insuffisance de financements des exploitations agricoles familiales. Cela constitue un frein à la modernisation et au développement de ces exploitations. AgriFinance vise l’amélioration de l’accès des producteurs-trices à des crédits, notamment de moyen et long terme.


Programme d’Appui à la Formation Professionnelle et à l’Apprentissage (PAFPA)

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2020

Au Burkina Faso, la majorité des jeunes travaille dans des activités à faible valeur ajoutée, du fait d’un système de formation professionnelle peu efficace et faiblement lié au secteur privé. Le PAFPA entend améliorer l’accès et la qualité de ce système en capitalisant sur les expériences de la DDC dans les secteurs agro-alimentaire et artisanal et en promouvant un partenariat public-privé inédit entre le Ministère de la formation professionnelle, la plus grande organisation patronale et une ONG spécialisée en ingénierie de formation.


Programme d’Appui à l’Education de Base (PAEB)

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2020

Malgré les avancées, le Burkina Faso fait face à des défis d’éducation. Chaque année, de nombreux enfants n’accèdent pas l’école ; la majorité de ceux qui y accèdent, abandonne avant d’avoir fait 6 années de scolarité ; 65% des adultes sont analphabètes. La DDC soutient les fonds communs, permettant au  Gouvernement et à la société civile d’améliorer les performances du système éducatif, à travers la décentralisation, l’adaptation, et l’extension des offres répondant aux besoins des populations.


Morija - Food Aid Swiss Dairy Products (Burkina Faso, Tschad, Togo)

01.01.2016 - 31.07.2017

Through the usage of food aid in the form of Swiss dairy products, Swiss Humanitarian Aid contributes to the prevention and treatment of malnutrition, undernourishment, and disease. The SDC’s Humanitarian Aid administers the credit granted by parliament for a yearly amount of some CHF 20 million destined for the purchase of Swiss dairy products and their use for the benefit of the needy. Its task is to ensure a sustainable, targeted, and closely monitored food aid.


Association Persis Valais - Food Aid Swiss Dairy Products (Burkina Faso)

01.01.2016 - 31.07.2017

Through the usage of food aid in the form of Swiss dairy products, Swiss Humanitarian Aid contributes to the prevention and treatment of malnutrition, undernourishment, and disease. The SDC’s Humanitarian Aid administers the credit granted by parliament for a yearly amount of some CHF 20 million destined for the purchase of Swiss dairy products and their use for the benefit of the needy. Its task is to ensure a sustainable, targeted, and closely monitored food aid.


PREST 5, Pistes rurales et désenclavement à l’Est (Mise à l’échelle des acquis de l’appui suisse à la réalisation et à l’entretien des pistes rurales par la méthode Haute Intensité de Main d’œuvre (HIMO))

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020

Les routes constituent un soutien à la croissance économique par la mobilité des personnes et des marchandises. Au Burkina Faso, elles demeurent en deçà des besoins et des référentiels de l’espace UEMOA. Partant de ce constat et sur l’expérience de la DDC, le gouvernement a souhaité que la Suisse finance conjointement un projet d’infrastructures et de mobilité avec la Banque Mondiale avec la méthode haute intensité de main d’œuvre (HIMO). Un inventaire des initiatives basées sur la méthode HIMO dans les 13 régions a été lancé en vue d’élaborer une politique nationale HIMO. La DDC s’engage à contribuer à ce projet et valorise la méthode HIMO à l’échelle nationale.


Terre des Hommes - Food Aid Swiss Dairy Products (Burkina Faso, Senegal)

01.01.2016 - 31.07.2017

Through the usage of food aid in the form of Swiss dairy products, Swiss Humanitarian Aid contributes to the prevention and treatment of malnutrition, undernourishment, and disease. The SDC’s Humanitarian Aid administers the credit granted by parliament for a yearly amount of some CHF 20 million destined for the purchase of Swiss dairy products and their use for the benefit of the needy. Its task is to ensure a sustainable, targeted, and closely monitored food aid.


Programme d’Appui à la Radiodiffusion Télévision du Burkina (ARTB)

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2017

La Radiodiffusion Télévision du Burkina (RTB) est le seul média aujourd’hui qui couvre toutes les régions du pays. Elle participe à l’information et à l’éducation des populations. Cependant, les installations de la RTB Ouaga, centre de production et de diffusion de l’information nationale ont été pris pour cible par les manifestants de l’insurrection populaire des 30 et 31 octobre 2014. En réponse à une demande du gouvernement de la transition, la Suisse s’engage à appuyer la RTB afin qu’elle tienne son rôle durant la transition et soit à terme un Service Public qui travaille pour tous les Burkinabè.


Programme d’appui aux réformes et aux élections

01.04.2015 - 31.03.2018

Suite à l’insurrection, un gouvernement transitoire a été mis en place au Burkina avec pour principale mission d’organiser des élections présidentielles et législatives crédibles avant fin novembre 2015. L’enjeu principal de ces élections générales est la restauration de la confiance des citoyennes et citoyens vis-à-vis des gouvernants. La Suisse veut y contribuer à travers l’appui aux actions coordonnées des ONG Diakonia et National Democratic Iinstitute (NDI) et en apportant une contribution au panier commun coordonné par le PNUD sur une durée de trois ans (2015-2018).

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