Greater Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Yemen, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan)

Food security, health, migration and protection, good governance as well as state and peace building including conflict transformation are at the centre of the overall Swiss Strategy for the Greater Horn of Africa 2013–2016, translated into four specific Cooperation Strategies. They build on Switzerland’s past achievements in the region and underscore SDC’s commitment to working in fragile contexts.

Map of the region Greater Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Yemen, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan)

The Greater Horn of Africa, as defined by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), comprises eight countries (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda). Based on the priorities decided by the Swiss Federal Parliament (Message on International Cooperation 2013–2016) as well as important migratory flows and regional droughts affecting the entire region, Yemen – but not Uganda – is conceptually also considered by Switzerland into the Horn of Africa region, and operations in Kenya are limited to the North and North-East only.

Such a complex and big region (around 200 million people on 4.5 million km2, corresponding roughly to Western Europe) can be treated as a single entity only through an overall political approach. To deliver its expertise and maximize its impact with an operational concentration, the Greater Horn of Africa is therefore treated by Switzerland through four specific Cooperation Strategies under the responsibility of several operational structures:

  • Horn of Africa
    Covering with a “whole-of-government” approach: Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. Djibouti is addressed through the partnership that Switzerland has established in 2014 with IGAD. Eritrea will be addressed only if humanitarian needs arise and the conditions of engagement are given, which is currently not the case.
  • Sudan
  • South Sudan
  • Yemen

To nevertheless ensure a political coherence in the broader region and towards IGAD, a coordination mechanism on the Greater Horn of Africa has been established between all Swiss actors.

Regional “Whole-of-Government” partnership with IGAD

A Framework Agreement between Switzerland and IGAD was signed on the 4 July 2014. It encompasses a series of sub-agreements concerning the entire Greater Horn of Africa region (though not concerning Yemen), in the fields of:

Peace and Security

FDFA’s Directorate of Political Affairs supports operational IGAD programmes on Conflict Early Warning, Federalism and Mediation.

Engagement in fragile contexts and prevention of violent conflicts

Migration

The State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) supports and coordinates Swiss activities with the IGAD Programme on Building Regional and National Capacities for Improved Migration Governance.

Migration

Drought Resilience

The SDC coordinates Swiss activities and support the IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative, translated into operational supports to the FAO-IGAD partnership programme, to the UNECA-IGAD Land Governance Programme, and potentially to the IGAD Programme on Transboundary River Management.

Water

History of cooperation

Switzerland’s long-term commitment

Kenya was a priority country of SDC Development Cooperation from the 70ies until 2006. From 1990–2012, SDC Humanitarian Aid invested in the Horn of Africa region in reconstruction, rehabilitation and conflict transformation, mainly in the emerging nations during and after the civil wars. Since the beginning of the 21st century, Switzerland has in parallel actively supported peace- and state building as well as demining programmes, through FDFA Directorate of Political Affairs and the Federal Department of Defence Civil Protection and Sport (DDPS).

Adapting to changing circumstances

In 2006, SDC Humanitarian Aid closed its office in Asmara (Eritrea) and opened an office in Juba (Sudan, now South Sudan). In 2009, an SDC Humanitarian Regional Programme Office Horn of Africa was (re-)established in Nairobi (Kenya), in order to coordinate the humanitarian response in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti with an annual budget ranging between CHF 14 to 20 million. In 2010, a humanitarian antenna of the Regional Office opened in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).

The year 2011 is marked with major changes for SDC Humanitarian Aid:

  • On 9 July 2011, the partition of Sudan into two states was approved by the South Sudanese people: SDC Humanitarian Aid doubled the funds which until then it had earmarked for the single State of Sudan, and reinforced its office in Juba by a programme office in Aweil (Northern Bahr el Ghazal, South Sudan), devoted to water and sanitation projects.
  • Also in July 2011, Global interventions related to food security and water were added and are followed-up since then from SDC Programme Office in Addis Ababa;
  • In August 2011, the Swiss Federal Council granted an additional CHF 20 million to the Humanitarian Aid to overcome the effects of the wide-spread drought and famine for Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, bringing the total budget of SDC Humanitarian Regional Programme Office Horn of Africa to CHF 35 million.

It is through the current “whole-of-government” Swiss Strategy for the Greater Horn of Africa 2013–2016, translated into the four Cooperation Strategies mentioned above that Switzerland not only brings those past efforts together, but also adds development cooperation instruments in the Horn of Africa region, and in a limited way in South Sudan.

Links

Current projects

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Kakuma: Developing vocational skills in a refugee camp

a man repairing a computer in his workshop, watched by six visitors.

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019

The SDC’s Skills for Life pilot project teaches vocational skills to refugees and residents of Kakuma, to enable them to work and earn a living. More than 580 young people were trained in phase one of this project, which was launched in 2013. Phase two began in summer 2016.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Kenya
Migration
Rule of Law - Democracy - Human rights
Forced migration (refugees, IDP, human trafficking)
Vocational training and skills development
Protection and access

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2019


CHF 2'050'000



Healthy people and animals in Ethiopia thanks to an interdisciplinary project: Jigjiga University One Health Initiative

African farmer ploughing a field with an ox.

01.01.2015 - 30.09.2020

Nomadic pastoralist communities, which constitute one tenth of Ethiopia’s population, have little access to health services. In the Jigjiga University One Health Initiative, the SDC is helping to establish local healthcare services by supporting an interdisciplinary centre of excellence at Jigjiga University in eastern Ethiopia.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Ethiopia
Health system strengthening
Primary health care

01.01.2015 - 30.09.2020


CHF 2'100'000



Water supply in Southern Sudan: (Re-)construction during the transition period

01.10.2014 - 30.09.2017

The project is intended to sustainably improve water supplies for the 720,000 inhabitants and their livestock in the Southern Sudanese state of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. Located near the border with Northern Sudan, this state is one of the poorest places on the planet. Since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between Northern and Southern Sudan was signed in 2005, it has become one of the main points of return for displaced persons from Southern Sudan.  

Country/region Topic Period Budget
South Sudan
Humanitarian Assistance
Water
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation
Drinking water and basic sanitation (WASH - Water for people)
Water resources policy and advocacy

01.10.2014 - 30.09.2017


CHF 5'400'000



State reform in Somalia

Sitting at his desk, a Hargeisa municipal employee enters paid bill details into a computer system.

01.08.2013 - 31.12.2017

The SDC is supporting a decentralisation project in Somalia. The aim is to promote peace and development by strengthening the capacity of local authorities to meet the needs of the population. The project has already produced some encouraging results.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Somalia
Conflict prevention and transformation
Decentralisation - local governance - democratization (incl. accountability)
Public financial management (including activities against corruption)
Civilian peace-building and conflict resolution

01.08.2013 - 31.12.2017


CHF 9'000'000



Resilience for Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2025

Pastoralism is a millennia old livelihood strategy adapted to the marginal and harsh environ-ments of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). In order to support pastoralists, this programme contributes to strengthening public and private institutions in the water and livestock sectors, putting policy frameworks in place to ensure efficient county-wide and cross-border water and rangeland management systems, and to increase access to water and pasture.


SCOPE - Sustaining a Culture of Peace

01.03.2017 - 31.12.2025

Increasing tensions based on political, religious, socio-economic and natural resource-based conflicts indicate that Tanzania’s culture of peace needs strengthening. SDC will therefore promote the use of peaceful means to prevent and deal with conflicts. It will support the Government to establish a conflict early warning and response system, and state and non-state actors to increase public space to address conflictual topics, in particular for women and marginalized.


MdM-France: Integrating Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in Bosaso Basic Health Care System

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2021

This 6-year programme aims at improving health service delivery in Bosaso town (Puntland, Somalia) by integrating quality sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services into primary health care delivery packages. This intervention will also contribute to strengthen the emerging public health system by building the capacities of the Bosaso-based Ministry of Health and local health providers to sustain, in the long term, access to quality health services for the most vulnerable, especially women.


Federal Government of Somalia and UN Joint Programme on Youth Employment

20.10.2016 - 30.06.2018

The youth employment programme for Somalia aims to create employment opportunities for youth between 15 and 24 years through vocational education, enterprise training, and the rehabilitation of infrastructure in high potential sectors of the economy. The programme is embedded in a state building and stabilization perspective and recognizes that Somali youth are essential for the recovery and growth of Somalia, but could also be a destabilizing force if ignored.


Cultural Programme Tanzania (CPT)

01.09.2016 - 31.12.2019

This programme uses a comprehensive approach to promote local culture and livelihood opportunities for young artists, and for social cohesion. It aims to do so through institutional and specific projects’ support. The programme is in alignment with SDC’s Culture and Development Policy that supports devoting a minimum of 1% of SDC’s operational budget in a country to initiatives in the local artistic and culture sector.


NRC: Protection Cluster Support 2016

01.08.2016 - 31.07.2017

Prolonged conflict has led to high levels of insecurity and displacement in South Sudan. This does not only require humanitarians to scale up and coordinate their interventions, but to also be creative and knowledgeable enough to respond to the needs of and provide protection to the affected populations. This is the third phase of a project that aims to improve contextual understanding among humanitarian actors and decision-makers in South Sudan in order to enable a more strategic and effective response, through independent protection and conflict analysis.


IOM Information Management & Policy Development for Durable Solutions for IDPs in Ethiopia

01.07.2016 - 30.06.2017

There are over 777’000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Ethiopia today. More than half of them are in the Somali Region and are extremely marginalized. Their specific needs are badly known and the vast majority of the humanitarian and development interventions fail to include them in programming. This SDC contribution to the IOM will improve the availability of evidence-based data on IDPs to inform longer term programming, advocacy and policy development needed to devise durable solutions for protracted IDPs in Ethiopia.


South Sudan NGO Forum Support

01.06.2016 - 31.05.2017

The project aims at supporting effective and principled delivery of humanitarian assistance by facilitating improved information sharing, security risk analysis and advice, representation, and policy engagement among the NGO community in South Sudan. It will ensure enhanced capacity of national NGOs and strength­ened links between national and international NGOs. Coordination amongst humanitarian organisations and with other key stakeholders thus will be improved.

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