South Sudan

South Sudan has been a priority country for Swiss Humanitarian Aid since its creation in July 2011. This new state faces a number of challenges. The SDC has been particularly active in the areas of food security and livelihood, access to basic services and human security.

Map of South Sudan

  

The Swiss cooperation strategy for 2013-2016 has a number of priorities in South Sudan. Various units of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) together with other departments of the Confederation are involved in efforts to provide emergency relief and recovery (SDC Humanitarian Aid), development assistance (South Cooperation Department), conflict resolution support (FDFA Human Security Division) and the expertise of staff officers and humanitarian mine clearance specialists (Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport – DDPS).

Food security and livelihood

South Sudan suffers from a chronic lack of food security for a variety of reasons: conflict and violence, rising prices for basic foodstuffs, the difficulty of humanitarian access and other logistical constraints. The aim of the SDC is to enable vulnerable populations to achieve self-sufficiency in meeting their food requirements. It supports projects of the World Food Programme (WFP), its principal partner in the food security sector in South Sudan, as well as the training of farmers in the diversification of agricultural products in the province of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. The vaccination of livestock in Jonglei is another example of livelihood support.

Agriculture and food security

Access to water, sanitation and basic care

Drinking water and sanitation are severely lacking in most of South Sudan, particularly in rural areas, and this has a devastating effect on the health of the population. The SDC is working to improve access to water and sanitation. In the province of Northern Bahr el Ghazal the SHA is sinking new wells as well as renovating neglected water sources. It is also training local communities in the maintenance of the infrastructure and strengthening the capacities of the local Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources.

The SDC also supports the health-related programmes of partner organisations active in South Sudan such as MEDAIR, MSF and the ICRC in an effort to provide access to basic care for the most vulnerable populations. It is working to strengthen local medical teams and upgrade hospital infrastructure, including in remote regions.

Guaranteeing access to water for all

Human security and the protection of civilians

South Sudan faces serious challenges in dealing with refugees from neighbouring Sudan and internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing from local violence. The safety of women and children in the refugee camps is a matter of particular concern. Switzerland is committed to ensuring that these vulnerable populations can benefit from aid unhindered. The SDC supports various UNHCR programmes in South Sudan, through financial contributions and by seconding SHA experts.

In parallel the FDFA Human Security Division (HSD) assists in peace negotiations and the process of reconciliation, being physically present with a human security adviser based in Juba. Furthermore the DDPS has seconded several staff officers as well as humanitarian demining specialists to the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS).

Fragility and violence impede poverty reduction

History

The new state of South Sudan was created on 9 July 2011 following several decades of civil war, becoming the 193rd member of the United Nations and the 54th member of the African Union. Before this, as early as 1994, Swiss Humanitarian Aid was assisting victims of war in the region, opening a programme office in Juba in 2006, which in 2011 became a cooperation office. At the time of the partition of Sudan into two states the SDC doubled the funds which until then it had earmarked for the single state of Sudan. Also in 2011 Swiss Humanitarian Aid opened a programme office in Aweil, a city located in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, devoted to water and sanitation projects.

Current projects

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Water supply in Southern Sudan: (Re-)construction during the transition period

01.10.2014 - 31.03.2017

The project is intended to sustainably improve water supplies for the 720,000 inhabitants and their livestock in the Southern Sudanese state of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. Located near the border with Northern Sudan, this state is one of the poorest places on the planet. Since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between Northern and Southern Sudan was signed in 2005, it has become one of the main points of return for displaced persons from Southern Sudan.  

Country/region Topic Period Budget
South Sudan
Humanitarian Assistance
Water
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation
Drinking water and basic sanitation (WASH - Water for people)
Water resources policy and advocacy

01.10.2014 - 31.03.2017


CHF 5'400'000



NRC: Protection Cluster Support 2016

01.08.2016 - 31.07.2017

Prolonged conflict has led to high levels of insecurity and displacement in South Sudan. This does not only require humanitarians to scale up and coordinate their interventions, but to also be creative and knowledgeable enough to respond to the needs of and provide protection to the affected populations. This is the third phase of a project that aims to improve contextual understanding among humanitarian actors and decision-makers in South Sudan in order to enable a more strategic and effective response, through independent protection and conflict analysis.


South Sudan NGO Forum Support

01.06.2016 - 31.05.2017

The project aims at supporting effective and principled delivery of humanitarian assistance by facilitating improved information sharing, security risk analysis and advice, representation, and policy engagement among the NGO community in South Sudan. It will ensure enhanced capacity of national NGOs and strength­ened links between national and international NGOs. Coordination amongst humanitarian organisations and with other key stakeholders thus will be improved.


South Sudan, REACH: Area of Origin

01.05.2016 - 30.04.2017

Constant population movements in Southern Unity due to insecurity have hampered humanitarian access to information about IDPs in many locations. REACH’s response seeks to bridge the information gap and provide a better understanding of the IDP situation in Southern Unity for humanitarians on the ground, to ensure effective and informed humanitarian response to the affected population.


South Sudan, NP: Sobat Corridor

16.03.2016 - 15.03.2017

Due to continued fighting, civilians especially women and children in the Sobat Corridor are exposed to GBV and child protection concerns such as forced child recruitment and unaccompanied and separated minors (UASMs). NP’s intervention seeks to reduce these protection issues, enhance the communities’ protective capacity and provide peaceful and effective measures to mitigate violence and also facilitate aid delivery to the area.



ACTED, South Sudan: Improving food security in Akobo Counties, Jonglei State

01.10.2015 - 31.05.2017

Akobo County hosts a growing number of IDPs, 45,000 as of June, 2015. Being an opposition SPLA stronghold and cut off from government services, the populations in Akobo (hosts & IDP’s) experience widespread food insecurity due to the depletion of household food stocks, limited functioning markets, high market prices, depleted livelihood options and diminishing purchasing power of most households. This project aims at contributing to the improvement of the resilience of affected populations through enhanced productivity and alternative livelihood options.


Caritas Belgium, Averting famines in South Sudan by supporting indigenous semi-commercial food production

01.08.2015 - 31.07.2017

Food insecurity in South Sudan remains distressingly widespread. Nationwide, some 41% of the population is severely food insecure as per FSMS report conducted in April 2015, and the IPC report released in May 2015 projected that 4.6 million people are facing severe food insecurity. Main causes are the ongoing conflict, the limited functioning markets, high food prices associated with rising inflation and depreciation of the local currency, diminishing purchasing power of most households, depletion of household stocks and depleted livelihood options. Caritas Belgium with its implementing partners intend to improve farming ability of rural farmers in the greenbelt area of Greater Equatoria through extension provision, market linkages and provision of appropriate technology to farmers group in order to improve production and reduce food insecurity. The greenbelt which is mostly the greater Equatoria region is extremely fertile, its population is exclusively made up of farmers and it is South Sudan’s most peaceful region.


Global Credit Coordination Office South Sudan

01.11.2014 - 31.10.2017

An action under the office's Global Credit is a one-off contribution to a development or humanitarian endeavour, with a duration of maximum 1,5 years, i.e. no following phase. It is a flexible, efficient and transparent tool to support the implementation and further development of its Cooperation Strategy, as well as further enhancing the quality of the resulting interventions. It permits seizing opportunities to improve the visibility of the Swiss presence and the Swiss Profile in South Sudan. It also provides the means for implementing SDC's Policy on promoting culture.


Improved Food Security and Livelihood Development for Agro-pastoral Communities in Northern Bahr-el-Ghazal and Warrap States

01.09.2013 - 31.08.2017

In South Sudan, food insecurity and poverty are intrinsically linked to decades of civil conflict. About 52% of the population lives on less than 1 USD per day, and 47% is undernourished. Improving capacities of farmers and government to face such challenges is crucial. The main objective of this project is to increase the resilience (food security, livelihoods and income) of at least 7’000 households/50’000 people, and to improve community stability for vulnerable but economically active agro-pastoralists in Northern Bahr-el-Ghazal and Warrap States.


JPO Programme, Volées 2013-2018, Humanitarian Aid HA

01.09.2013 - 31.08.2018

The aim of the programme is to increase Switzerland's presence within the UN system. This measure also meets the more general aim of strengthening the influence and quality of Switzerland's political dialogue with the target agencies. The JPO programme will eventually serve to intensify this political dialogue and increase Switzerland's capacity to monitor the work of agencies through direct contact with the JPOs recruited through this programme.

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