Mozambique

In Mozambique Switzerland’s development cooperation focuses on three areas: economic development, health and local governance. Switzerland supports local projects, mainly in the three northern provinces of Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula. At the national level, it is actively involved in political dialogue with the aim of combating poverty and promoting political and economic transition.

Map of Mozambique
© FDFA

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. Even today over half the population lives below the poverty line. The public budget remains highly dependent on foreign aid. More than 80% of the population are smallholder farmers and are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. In addition, there is the AIDS epidemic, which hinders development progress. On the other hand, Mozambique is currently looking towards a strong economic boom in the commodities sector. The high economic growth of more than 8% in the last few years fell sharply in 2016 owing to the debt crisis (3.7%). Mozambique will however continue to be one of Africa's fastest growing economies in the longer term.

Switzerland has been active in Mozambique since 1979. The main goal of Swiss development cooperation is to support Mozambique in reducing poverty and creating a society that is politically and economically inclusive for all. At the national level, Switzerland is involved in political dialogue and is supporting the government in the implementation of institutional reforms in various sectors.

Locally, Switzerland is working together with individual communities. In its new cooperation strategy for 2017-2020, Switzerland will focus geographically on three northern provinces and thematically on good governance, health and economic development.

Health

Strengthening the health system and preventing diseases

At the national level, Switzerland supports the government's sector-wide approach, providing technical and financial advice for the implementation of a single and comprehensive policy and reform of the health sector. At a decentralised level, Switzerland is active in improving services in health and water supply. It is also enabling local communities to enter into dialogue with the authorities and to call for accountability and transparency in public health spending. In the province of Cabo Delgado, Switzerland helped ensure that the proportion of mothers who gave birth in health centres was increased from 66% (2010) to 81.5% (2015). Thanks to the SDC's contribution, the proportion of the population in four districts in Cabo Delgado using clean drinking water was increased from 35% (2011) to 55% (2015).

Health

Economic development

Poverty reduction and economic growth for all

In the Nacala corridor, Switzerland supports small enterprises, mostly farmers, in the strengthening of value chains and is actively promoting microfinancing to improve access to financial services. Through the sustainable improvement of agricultural value chains, the income of more than 18,000 smallholder farmers was increased by an average of 70% per year within 4 years.

SECO complements the SDC's activities by providing technical advice in the area of overall economic support.

Private Sector Development and financial services

Local governance

Decentralization and capacity building

Switzerland supports investment in infrastructure and capacity-building in the areas of town planning and procurement in 26 municipalities. When combined with support for participatory planning and budget processes, urban priorities can be implemented in a community-based way and with less corruption. In cooperation with its partners, the SDC is strengthening civil society at the local and national level and empowering people to demand greater accountability and transparency. At the national level, with support from the SDC, civil society is contributing to greater transparency in the state budget and to the debate on decentralisation, creating the basis for strong economic development, the fight against corruption and the peace process.  

Advocacy and Good Governance

History of cooperation

Swiss support in times of peace and war

Switzerland’s engagement in Mozambique started in 1880 when Swiss missionaries pioneered access to primary education for Mozambicans. Formal development cooperation started in 1979, shortly after Mozambique’s independence and at the beginning of a devastating 16-year civil war.

The first SDC projects focused on water, health and rural development. During the peace process, Switzerland made a significant contribution to the demobilization and rehabilitation of the battle-worn country. Since the peace agreement in 1992, Switzerland has increased its support to Mozambique mainly focusing on economic development, health and water including sanitation, governance and strengthening of civil society.

Multilateral cooperation

Switzerland’s multilateral cooperation includes working with UNICEF in the water and sanitation sector; with the World Bank, the WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF in the health sector; and with the UNDP to promote decentralisation.

Cross-cutting themes:

Gender equality and HIV/AIDS

Switzerland consistently applies its gender policy in all projects and is committed to equality between men and women. It also promotes prevention and protection against HIV/AIDS through awareness-raising activities.

Partners

  • Swiss NGOs: Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact
  • Ministries, provincial and district authorities
  • Mozambican NGOs and civil society organisations: e.g. Centro de Integridade Publica, Instituto de Estudios
  • International NGOs: e.g. Netherlands Development Organisation, Concern Universal
  • Donor community (G19)

Current projects

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Mozambique: Less illness thanks to better water supplies and sanitation

A villager in Niassa Province in northern Mozambique works a new handpump. She is surrounded by a group of people.

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

Many cases of illness in the poor region of northern Mozambique are caused by the poor condition of water supplies and sanitation.  The SDC is assisting the efforts of the local people and responsible authorities to improve the situation. Aim of the project: Better living conditions for half a million people – and less poverty.

Country/region Period Budget
Mozambique

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021


CHF 7'445'000



Inovagro Private Sector Led Rural Growth

02.01.2018 - 31.12.2020

Inovagro aims at increasing the incomes of poor farmers in Northern Mozambique, through ‘pro-poor’ private sector development. It improves farmers’ access to inputs and markets through local private, public and civil society partners. Phase III will consolidate the work of previous phases and focus on scale-up and replicability of successful interventions. There will also be a stronger focus on women inclusion, risk reduction, communication and knowledge sharing based on lessons learnt over the past years.


Cultural Programme (CPM)

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

Ce programme s'appuie sur la richesse et le potentiel de la culture mozambicaine pour le développement humain. En soutenant les plateformes dédiées à la culture et aux arts, la DDC vise à contribuer au renforcement du capital social du pays. Le CP a trois composantes opérationnelles et se concentre sur le nord du pays, avec comme centre Cabo Delgado, avec une orientation communautaire - domaine où la DDC a été pionnière dans l'approche de la culture pour le développement - ainsi que sur la région de la capitale de Maputo et ses environs. La CP s’inscrit pleinement dans la stratégie pays de la DDC Mozambique 2017-2020.


Advancing Land Use Rights

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

Competition for land in Mozambique is sharply increasing. Despite favourable land legislation for the protection of interests and rights of the local communities the concretization of these rights is still precarious. SDC’s program supports the realization of these community rights to land and its benefits through institutional development, strengthening dialogue and practical collaboration between local government, civil society and private sector in order to contribute to a more inclusive and sustainable development.


Health Promotion Cabo Delgado

01.04.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland contributed to health promotion in Cabo Delgado Province in Northern Mozambique by supporting the retention of health promotion workers, strengthening community involvement and the public finance management. Phase 2 of the project builds up on this and newly address Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in order to improve access and quality in the provision of health and WASH services targeting the 23 rural health posts in  three districts of the Province that are serving a total population of 570’000 people.


HortiSempre 2

02.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland’s introduction of market focused and innovative solutions in horticulture, contributed to the growth of the sector in Northern Mozambique by improving productivity and de-seasonalization of production. Phase 2 of the project will consolidate and scale-up on these achievements in order to increase the annual income for 25’000 poor women and men producers. The introduction of beans and cassava will enhance the resilience against weather shocks and disasters.


Health System Strengthening Support Program 2017-2019

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

With its contribution to the health common fund (PROSAUDE) Switzerland supports the Government of Mozambique, in particular local governments, to accelerate equitable access to primary health services for women, children and people living in rural areas. As chair of the health common fund, Switzerland will advocate increased domestic funding and decentralization in order to foster sustainable and equitable health financing.


Wiwanana Foundation (WWF)

01.05.2016 - 31.12.2018

This phase seeks to transform Wiwanana Foundation into an organization with economic and institutional sustainability. In turn, enabling the organization to deliver quality services and play a key role in the advocacy of health matters in the Province.  The Phase is in line with Wiwanana’s Strategic Plan (2016-2020) with one of its two focuses being the institutional capacity building, alongside health governance. The phase is also embedded in the SDC Mozambique civil society concept note.


Programme for Local Governance and Water & Sanitation in Mozambique (ProGoAS III)

01.10.2015 - 30.06.2018

The third and final phase of the programme aims at sustainably improving the living conditions of the rural population (581’000 persons) in four districts of Cabo Delgado and Nampula provinces. The Exit strategy foresees that by the End of the programme participatory district planning and monitoring through government financed mechanisms responds to WatSan priorities of the population in the 4 districts and sustainable operation and maintenance of WatSan facilities is ensured by authorities, the private sector and communities.


Local Governance Monitoring Initiative

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2018

Exploitation of coal and the recent discovery of huge gas reserves in Mozambique created a general anticipation of wealth within reach for everyone.  Independent research and active engagement in policy dialogue with government will improve the quantity and quality of interactions between state and non-state actors and improve development policies and the use of public resources.


Municipal Development Programme Mozambique - PRODEM

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2018

In the framework of the ongoing decentralization process in Mozambique, 53 municipalities have been established since 1998. The programme aims to contribute to urban poverty reduction and a sustainable development of 26 municipalities. This shall be achieved through improvements in municipal government’s administration with a focus on service delivery and resilience to climate change impact complemented by enhanced citizen’s participation and social accountability.


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