Mozambique

In Mozambique Switzerland’s development cooperation focuses on three areas: economic development, health and local governance. Switzerland supports local projects, mainly in the three northern provinces of Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula. At the national level, it is actively involved in political dialogue with the aim of combating poverty and promoting political and economic transition.

Map of Mozambique
© FDFA

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. Even today over half the population lives below the poverty line. The public budget remains highly dependent on foreign aid. More than 80% of the population are smallholder farmers and are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. In addition, there is the AIDS epidemic, which hinders development progress. On the other hand, Mozambique is currently looking towards a strong economic boom in the commodities sector. The high economic growth of more than 8% in the last few years fell sharply in 2016 owing to the debt crisis (3.7%). Mozambique will however continue to be one of Africa's fastest growing economies in the longer term.

Switzerland has been active in Mozambique since 1979. The main goal of Swiss development cooperation is to support Mozambique in reducing poverty and creating a society that is politically and economically inclusive for all. At the national level, Switzerland is involved in political dialogue and is supporting the government in the implementation of institutional reforms in various sectors.

Locally, Switzerland is working together with individual communities. In its new cooperation strategy for 2017-2020, Switzerland will focus geographically on three northern provinces and thematically on good governance, health and economic development.

Health

Strengthening the health system and preventing diseases

At the national level, Switzerland supports the government's sector-wide approach, providing technical and financial advice for the implementation of a single and comprehensive policy and reform of the health sector. At a decentralised level, Switzerland is active in improving services in health and water supply. It is also enabling local communities to enter into dialogue with the authorities and to call for accountability and transparency in public health spending. In the province of Cabo Delgado, Switzerland helped ensure that the proportion of mothers who gave birth in health centres was increased from 66% (2010) to 81.5% (2015). Thanks to the SDC's contribution, the proportion of the population in four districts in Cabo Delgado using clean drinking water was increased from 35% (2011) to 55% (2015).

Health

Economic development

Poverty reduction and economic growth for all

In the Nacala corridor, Switzerland supports small enterprises, mostly farmers, in the strengthening of value chains and is actively promoting microfinancing to improve access to financial services. Through the sustainable improvement of agricultural value chains, the income of more than 18,000 smallholder farmers was increased by an average of 70% per year within 4 years.

SECO complements the SDC's activities by providing technical advice in the area of overall economic support.

Private Sector Development and financial services

Local governance

Decentralization and capacity building

Switzerland supports investment in infrastructure and capacity-building in the areas of town planning and procurement in 26 municipalities. When combined with support for participatory planning and budget processes, urban priorities can be implemented in a community-based way and with less corruption. In cooperation with its partners, the SDC is strengthening civil society at the local and national level and empowering people to demand greater accountability and transparency. At the national level, with support from the SDC, civil society is contributing to greater transparency in the state budget and to the debate on decentralisation, creating the basis for strong economic development, the fight against corruption and the peace process.  

Advocacy and Good Governance

History of cooperation

Swiss support in times of peace and war

Switzerland’s engagement in Mozambique started in 1880 when Swiss missionaries pioneered access to primary education for Mozambicans. Formal development cooperation started in 1979, shortly after Mozambique’s independence and at the beginning of a devastating 16-year civil war.

The first SDC projects focused on water, health and rural development. During the peace process, Switzerland made a significant contribution to the demobilization and rehabilitation of the battle-worn country. Since the peace agreement in 1992, Switzerland has increased its support to Mozambique mainly focusing on economic development, health and water including sanitation, governance and strengthening of civil society.

Multilateral cooperation

Switzerland’s multilateral cooperation includes working with UNICEF in the water and sanitation sector; with the World Bank, the WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF in the health sector; and with the UNDP to promote decentralisation.

Cross-cutting themes:

Gender equality and HIV/AIDS

Switzerland consistently applies its gender policy in all projects and is committed to equality between men and women. It also promotes prevention and protection against HIV/AIDS through awareness-raising activities.

Partners

  • Swiss NGOs: Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact
  • Ministries, provincial and district authorities
  • Mozambican NGOs and civil society organisations: e.g. Centro de Integridade Publica, Instituto de Estudios
  • International NGOs: e.g. Netherlands Development Organisation, Concern Universal
  • Donor community (G19)

Current projects

Object 1 – 12 of 31

Action against HIV/AIDS in Southern African prisons

01.08.2015 - 30.09.2018

Faced with an alarming prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Southern African prisons, the SDC has undertaken to reform the prison healthcare system in Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Help is being provided to the relevant authorities in the implementation of set standards of care. The prison staff are being trained. Funding is also being provided for new infrastructure projects targeted specifically at women and young prisoners.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Health
Sexually transmitted diseases incl. HIV/AIDS
Sexual and reproductive health (including mother and child health, family planning)
Communicable diseases
POPULATION POLICIES/PROGRAMMES AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
POPULATION POLICIES/PROGRAMMES AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
HEALTH
STD control including HIV/AIDS
Reproductive health care
Infectious disease control

01.08.2015 - 30.09.2018


CHF 3'734'300



Local farmers meet the private sector

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017

In northern Mozambique, the SDC connects farmers and various private sector enterprises to stimulate agricultural production and combat poverty. Supplying farmers with good-quality seeds is essential.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mozambique
Economy and Employment
Agricultural production (incl. management of natural resources)
Agriculture value-chain development
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) development
AGRICULTURE
MULTISECTOR or CROSS-CUTTING
INDUSTRY
Agricultural development
Rural development
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) development

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017


CHF 7'930'000



Global Measurement of Diet Quality

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2025

Diets are the number one risk factor in the global burden of disease and multiple forms of malnutrition co-exist with overweight and obesity being the fastest growing form, particularly among poor populations in developing countries. Routinely collected information on Diet Quality is necessary to better understand dietary trends, help to create awareness, and inform policies to improve diets and health outcomes. Therefore, SDC supports an international initiative to develop diet quality measurements.


Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and HIV in prisons

01.10.2018 - 31.07.2024

Prisoners are a high-risk group when it comes to HIV and other communicable diseases. Nonetheless, little attention has been paid so far to address the need for HIV and AIDS and other health services in prisons. The project will improve HIV and health services for prisoners, including young women and men in seven countries of Southern Africa. At regional level, it will address policy issues that are adversely affecting the prison conditions and the rights of prisoners in the context of health and nutrition.


Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis (RVAA)

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2021

The project supports the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and its Member States in reducing vulnerability of households to disaster risks by increasing their preparedness for response and recovery and in strengthening their resilience. This will be achieved through institutionalising and sustaining vulnerability assessments and analyses systems that enhance emergency and developmental responses at national and regional levels.


Rural Resilience in Southern Africa / R4 Initiative

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2021

The project builds resilience of smallholder farmer households in three countries in Southern Africa (Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe) by enabling their adaptation to climate risk through a community oriented and market based risk management comprehensive approach. The initiative combines improved resource management (risk reduction), insurance (risk transfer), livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking) and savings (risk reserves). The combined interventions are carefully adapted to each country context.


Health Promotion Cabo Delgado

01.04.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland contributed to health promotion in Cabo Delgado Province in Northern Mozambique by supporting the retention of health promotion workers, strengthening community involvement and the public finance management. Phase 2 of the project builds up on this and newly address Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in order to improve access and quality in the provision of health and WASH services targeting the 23 rural health posts in  three districts of the Province that are serving a total population of 570’000 people.


Safeguard Young People (SYP) – Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)

01.02.2017 - 31.12.2019

The UNFPA Safeguard Young People programme (SYP) will contribute to the reduction of HIV infections and improved sexual and reproductive health and rights status of young women and men aged 10 to 24 in eight Southern African countries: Zambia, Swaziland, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho. UNFPA will scale up SRHR/HIV prevention models and youth friendly health services (YFHS) in order to equip young people with knowledge, skills and values to protect themselves and capacitate member states to improve the legislative environment to address young people’s health issues.


HortiSempre 2

02.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland’s introduction of market focused and innovative solutions in horticulture, contributed to the growth of the sector in Northern Mozambique by improving productivity and de-seasonalization of production. Phase 2 of the project will consolidate and scale-up on these achievements in order to increase the annual income for 25’000 poor women and men producers. The introduction of beans and cassava will enhance the resilience against weather shocks and disasters.


Health System Strengthening Support Program 2017-2019

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

With its contribution to the health common fund (PROSAUDE) Switzerland supports the Government of Mozambique, in particular local governments, to accelerate equitable access to primary health services for women, children and people living in rural areas. As chair of the health common fund, Switzerland will advocate increased domestic funding and decentralization in order to foster sustainable and equitable health financing.


Strengthening Agro-biodiversity in Southern Africa

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2019

The project promotes seed diversity and agro-ecological practices through an inclusive, evidence-based dialogue with governments at regional and country levels by empowered farmer’s and farmer support organizations ensuring that their experiences are taken into account in the development of policies and programmes in agriculture. This will thus strengthen food security in Southern Africa.


Strengthening Agro-biodiversity in Southern Africa

01.09.2016 - 31.08.2022

The project’s goal is to strengthen food security in Southern Africa by promoting seed diversity and agro-ecological practices through an inclusive, evidence-based dialogue with governments at regional and country levels by empowered farmer’s and farmer support organizations.  

Object 1 – 12 of 31